Starme: I'm so anal! I know you meant "healthful." What the heck is a healthy loaf of bread? White flour, to a health nut like me, is poison. Do you remember making "paste" in kindergarden out of white flour and water?...and you want to eat that made into bread? arggghhh. if ya enjoy cellulite bumps, load yourself with masticated white bread. Eat no bread that,in the ingredients list,doesn't say the grain used to make it FIRST! If it says "enriched," don't buy it.
Wheat and oat grains have three basic components: the germ, the endosperm, and the bran (the outer part of the grain). The bran and the germ both contain important vitamins and minerals, antioxidants etc. The endosperm (the inner part) is mostly proteins and carbohydrates and only trace amounts of vitamins and minerals.
White bread is logically enough, made from white flour (or all-purpose) and is processed from the endosperm only..no bran, no germ. Therefore it has a much lower nutritional value than whole wheat. That's why they add vitamins to commercially made white breads.
Bran is good for you because it helps control your metabolism by slowly releasing glucose into your system, providing energy over an extended period. It also helps digestion. They don't call it 'nature's brush' for nothing. I think you get the picture.
What is white bread? It's bleached wheat flour. Then by law they have to "add back" vitamins so they can sell the stuff.
That's your answer. But it's more complicated than that.
Bread is flour, yeast, a little salt, and perhaps a little sugar or honey to get the yeast to rise.
When you read the side of the label on grocery store bread you find so many ingredients with chemical names you can hardly pronounce.
Dough conditioners, high fructose corn syrup, preservatives, etc.
So who knows what is healthier... depends on what you are really buying.
When you eat as close to the source as possible, and the least amount of processing as possible you don't subject your body to having to deal with all those chemicals that are not actually part of "real food".
I bought a breadmaker machine about 10 years ago. After the first loaf, I was hooked. It was soooo much more flavourful than the chemically assisted supermarket stuff. There's also the knowledge that it contains only what you need.
Oh yeah, it also costs less than half the price of the plastic bread in the supermarket, especially if you buy really big bags of flour (10kg).
When the grain is cut from the field using a Thresher, whatever bug or insect sitting on the wheat, oats, or whatever, is also cut up with it.This is called dockage or something like that. It would be impossible to clean it all out. Instead, it is separated and graded. Any that has too many foreign things (grasshoppers, bugs, rocks) are sold to feed supply stores.