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  1. 60
    Faheem Alamposted 5 years ago

    Depression is a condition of low mood and aversion to activity. We all go through ups and downs in our mood. Depressed people may feel sad, anxious, hopeless, helpless, worthless, guilty, empty, irritable, or restless. They may lose interest in activities that once were pleasurable, experience loss of appetite or overeating, or problems concentrating, remembering details or making decisions; and may contemplate or attempt suicide.

    Causes and risk factors
    Some types of depression run in families. This may be due to a problem with r genes, or triggered by certain stressful events. More likely, it’s a combination of both. But depression can also occur if you have no family history of the illness. Anyone can develop depression, even kids.
    Following are major factor which play important role to produce depression:

    • Stressful life events, such as:

    • Breaking up with a boyfriend or girlfriend

    • Breaking up with family relation

    • Failing or low grade in education

    • Death or illness of someone close to your

    • Divorce

    • Childhood abuse or neglect

    • Job loss

    • Social isolation (common in the elderly)

    • Alcohol or drug abuse

    • Certain medical conditions, including underactive thyroid, cancer, or long term pain

    • Certain medications such as steroids

    • Sleeping problems

    Signs and Symptoms
    Depression varies from person to person, but there are some common signs and symptoms. People who have depression usually see everything with a more negative attitude. It can appear as anger and discouragement, rather than feelings of sadness.

    If depression is very severe, there may also be psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions.

    Symptoms of depression can include:

    • Agitation, restlessness, and irritability

    • Dramatic change in appetite, often with weight gain or loss

    • Very difficult to concentrate

    • Fatigue and lack of energy

    • Lack of concentration

    • Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness

    • Feelings of worthlessness, self hate, and guilt

    • Loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed

    • Thoughts of death or suicide

    • Becoming withdrawn or isolated

    • Trouble sleeping or excessive sleeping

    • Reckless behavior

    • Unexplained aches and pains

    Dianosis and Tests
    Your doctor will ask some questions about your medical history and symptoms. Your answers and certain questionairres can help your doctor make a diagnosis of depression and determine degree of  severity.

    Blood and urine tests may be done to diagnose other medical conditions with symptoms similiar to depression.

    Depression treatment takes time and patience is needed. Many forms of treatment are available for depression associated with a mental disorder. Treatments may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, music therapy, art therapy, group therapy, psychotherapy, animal-assisted therapy (also known as pet therapy), physical exercise, medicines such as antidepressants, and keeping a gratitude journal

    In general, treatments for depression include:

    • Medications called antidepressants

    • Talk therapy also called psychotherapy

    If you have mild depression, you may only need one of these treatments. People with more severe depression usually need combination of both treatments. It takes time to feel better, but there are usually day to day improvements.

    If you are suicidal or extremely depressed and cannot function you may need to be treated in a psychiatric hospital.

    If you do not feel better with antidepressants and talk therapy, you may have treatment-resistant depression. Your doctor will often prescribe higher (but still safe) doses of an antidepressant, or a combination of medications. Lithium and thyroid hormone supplements also may be added to help the antidepressants work better.

    Talk therapy is counseling to talk about your feelings and thoughts, and help you learn how to deal with them.

    Types of talk therapy include:

    • Cognitive behavioral therapy: It is more effective than medications. In cognitive-behavioral therapy, emphasis on discussing thoughts and the behaviors associated with depression. You will learn how to become more aware of your symptoms and how to spot things that make your depression worse. You will also be taught problem solving skills.

    • Psychotherapy: It is a valuable treatment which shows good result. It can help you understand the issues that may be behind your thoughts and feelings.

    • Support group: Joining a support group of people who are sharing problems in get to gather. Ask your therapist or doctor for a recommendation.

    • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): It is generally safe method s and most effective treatment for severe depression. ECT may improve mood in those with severe depression or suicidal thoughts who don’t get better with other treatments.

    • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS):  Pulses of energy is used to stimulate nerve cells of the brain that are believed to affect mood and help relieve depression.

    • Light Therapy (LT): it is usually not considered a first-line treatment. It may relieve depression symptoms in the winter time.

    Prognosis Or Expectations
    After taking antidepressants, people with major depression may feel better. For people who have repeated episodes of depression, quick and ongoing treatment may be needed to prevent more severe and long term depression.

    Complications of depression also include:
    • Increased risk of physical health problems

    • Suicide

    • Sleeping problem

    • Sexual Problems

    Many research show that exercise may help prevent depression and also help to control and prevent depression from coming back (relapse) and may improve symptoms of mild depression. Do not drink alcohol or use illegal drugs. These substances can make depression worse and might lead to thoughts of suicide.

    Medication must be taking exactly as your doctor instructed. The following tips might help you feel better:

    • Regular exercise

    • Maintain good sleep habits

    • Seek out activities that bring you pleasure or Happiness

    • Volunteer or get involved in group activities

    • Talk to someone you trust about how you are feeling

    • Try to be around people who are caring and positive

    • Balance diet

    • Avoid drugs and alcohol

  2. 2uesday profile image89
    2uesdayposted 5 years ago

    Hi/  This is a forum if you wish to write/publish articles/pages here this link may be useful-


    There is also helpful information at the top of the page - help button and at the Learning Centre at the bottom of the page 


    1. tsmog profile image85
      tsmogposted 5 years ago in reply to this

      Thanks 2uesday. I was ready to comment. But, alas  , , ,

  3. knolyourself profile image60
    knolyourselfposted 5 years ago

    Depression is also about what you value.

    1. romper20 profile image85
      romper20posted 5 years ago in reply to this