Learning Disorders in Children
Learning Disorders in Children
Many parents experience great difficulties when, after a day of exhausting work, come home and have to help their children to study. This mainly happens when a child suffers from dyslexia (difficulty reading), dysgraphia (difficulty in writing) or dyscalculia (difficulty in the calculation).
Another aspect that complicates attempts to help from parents is that children arrive home tired from school activities and only think about playing. Are few the children who like to study when they get home. Thus, parents have to manage this immense dissatisfaction which already aggregates the natural difficulties with hyperactivity, impatience and poor concentration.
Although each child is different from all others, the following suggestions may be helpful:
- Plan lessons or hours of study a little shorter.
- Simplify the instructions and teach how to do resumes, many resumes.
- Teach your child to self-evaluate.
- Encourage reading aloud.
- When explaining a topic, take breaks whenever possible, create anticipation.
- Establish a schedule for homework and make sure that it is always accomplished through a healthy routine.
- Show that you are a curious person and very sensitive to the child's progress.
- Thrill to his conquests, reveal interest, ask questions, make challenges, propose new questions.
- Work out the ability to show clear, flexible and fair and in the field of the "three Ps": patience, persistence, perseverance.
- Ask lots of questions before moving from one theme to another.
- See if you can explore the knowledge in different languages. Eg Turn texts in drawings then drawings in text.
- Work out the child in the use of different operative skills. Eg Explain the difference between the verbs.
- Book learning environment for that sole purpose. Turn off the TV and provide pencils, dictionaries, blank paper, notebooks.
- Divide the lesson to be shorter in tasks that can be completed, when possible, alternating with some other more interesting that he shows less interest.
- Exercise your child to understand texts.
- Ask often, frankly, if he really wants your help.
- Check that your intervention and your comments are always focused on the task at hand.
- Praise effort, not just its outcome.
- Praise with sincerity and know how to look "with a magnifying glass" even small progress, but do not give prizes.
- Avoid showing your tiredness and irritability.
- Consider that the task of educating to be done with success and despair does not help fulfill this mission.
We must remember that it is important that children with learning disorders will never create a "dependency on parents", enslaving them or feeling enslaved by the need for their cooperation. Difficulty of care does not mean impediment to the ability to understand and learn. Teach him the steps, but do not make instead of them. He needs and can build with their own walk. Children with learning disabilities do not need pity, tolerance does not require punishment, but understanding. Being unaware does not mean being unable to learn and in no way accept limitations on their growth.