scalded Skin syndrome

Jenna Redd

Mr.Paysse

Anatomy

6 October 2010

Scalded Skin Syndrome

Name

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome is usually referred to as just Scalded Skin Syndrome. When it is found in children from ages zero to five it is referred to as Ritter's disease or Lyell's disease.

Cause

Scalded Skin Syndrome is a type of skin infection. The staphylococcal bacterium secretes a poisonous substance that splits the top of the epidermis layer and the rest of the skin. Since this area is split, it creates an easy access for the substance to reach the rest of the body. As a result, your entire body could peel.This can be very detrimental to one’s health, since it leaves the skin exposed and prone to bacteria. Also, dehydration is a key factor. If the open blisters aren’t taken care of one might die of dehydration.

Transmission

Scalded Skin Syndrome is transmitted as any other staph infection is transmitted. Be it through skin-to-skin contact or infected items. Children from birth to the age of five are most likely to develop this syndrome, since their immune system isn’t fully developed. Also people who have HIV, use drugs, have a poor diet, or are recovering from a harmful disease are more prone to Scalded Skin Syndrome due to the weakening of their immune system.

Appearance

Scalded skin syndrome is usually identified as large areas of skin peeling of the body. This action forms blisters, which results in redness and a burning sensation. Once the condition has covered a large enough portion of the body it will become extremely frail and cause the skin to slip off with the slightest touch.

Treatment

Intravenous is the number one way to get rid of Scalded Skin Syndrome. Not only do the IV antibiotics get rid of the staph infection; it prevents the infected patient from becoming dehydrated. To help prevent lost of moisture a topical cream is applied, called emollient. This provides the skin with a moisturized barrier until it heals ten days later.

Bibliography

  1. "Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome: Bacterial Skin Infections: Merck Manual Home Edition."Merck & Co., Inc. - We Believe the Most Important Condition Is the Human One.Web. 07 Oct. 2010. <http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec18/ch211/ch211k.html>.
  2. "Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome: EMedicine Emergency Medicine."EMedicine - Medical Reference. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/788199-overview>
  3. "Scalded Skin Syndrome."Google Health. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. <https://health.google.com/health/ref/Scalded skin syndrome>
  4. "Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS). DermNet NZ." DermNet. DermNet NZ. Facts about the Skin from the New Zealand Dermatological Society. Web. 07 Oct. 2010. <http://dermnetnz.org/bacterial/scalded-skin-syndrome.html>.

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