Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Causes and Treatment

Hypertension, persistent elevation of the blood pressure above the normal for a particular age and sex. The acceptable range of resting blood pressure in young adults is anything from 110 to 140 mm of mercury for systolic pressure and 60 to 90 mm of mercury for diastolic pressure. This range is exceeded during emotional excitement or physical exertion, but the blood pressure should soon return to the resting level. In patients with hypertension the blood pressure readings remain elevated, even at rest.

Elevation of either systolic or diastolic pressure is significant as it can put an additional strain on the heart as well as causing damage to the arteries. The cause of this 'essential' high pressure is unknown in most cases. In a few cases, however, a specific cause is found, e.g. disease in the kidneys, the adrenal glands, or a partial block of the aorta.

Causes of Hypertension

Hypertension may be due to worry or overwork, especially when combined with over-indulgence in alcohol, lack of regular exercise, and obesity; or it may be associated with renal disease, arteriosclerosis, gout, or lead-poisoning; a tendency to it may be inherited.

Symptoms of Hypertension

Symptoms may be absent, or may consist of headache, tinnitus, throbbing in the neck, palpitation, giddiness, flatulence, indigestion, depression, insomnia, and a tendency to epistaxis. The chief dangers are (1) left ventricular failure, succeeded by general heart failure ; (2) hemorrhage, especially into the brain; (3) occasionally, uremia when the kidneys are damaged.

Treatment of Hypertension

Overwork, over-indulgence, and sudden strains should be avoided. An hour's rest in recumbency after the midday meal and a restful weekend are advisable. Alcohol, strong tea and coffee should be forbidden, and proteins restricted, only one egg being allowed and meat taken only once a day. Salt, also, should be restricted.

If renal disease is present, the appropriate diet should be adopted. Obesity should be treated. The bowels should be kept freely open, and straining at stool avoided.

Where the cause is known, early treatment of the underlying disorder can lead to a permanent recovery. When no specific cause is found, treatment is directed mainly towards lowering the blood pressure to reduce heart strain and damage to the blood vessels. This is effected by weight reduction for the overweight, moderation in life pattern and specific medication, which may need to be taken for a long time. Untreated, severe hypertension can cause heart failure and in susceptible cases can lead to Cerebral Hemorrhage.

Surgical treatment, aimed at reducing the blood pressure, may bring symptomatic relief and improved life-expectancy in carefully selected cases.

More by this Author

  • Eczema Symptoms and Treatment
    0

    The term eczema describes a large range of skin diseases that cause itching and burning of the skin. It typically appears as red, swollen skin that is initially covered with small fluid-filled blisters that later break...

  • Hypotension Symptoms and Treatment
    0

    Hypotension is excessively low blood pressure (the intricacies of blood pressure and its measurement are discussed fully under the hub on hypertension). Low blood pressure only causes concern when it causes symptoms or...

  • Appendicitis Symptoms and Treatment
    1

    Appendicitis is the inflammation of the vermiform appendix, a small pencil-like structure connected with the cecum, the first part of the large intestine. Appendicitis is caused by an obstruction and infection in the...


Comments 4 comments

Health-n-Fitness profile image

Health-n-Fitness 7 years ago Author

Mines great when I'm at rest. It could be better after some vigorous activity though.


Legacy Wellness profile image

Legacy Wellness 7 years ago from Katy, Texas

Great Hub. I just wrote a hub about hypertension too. I just came off a weight loss program where I lost over 50 pounds and brought both my type 2 diabetes and blood pressure under control.


Health-n-Fitness profile image

Health-n-Fitness 7 years ago Author

Good work Legacy!


fanaticfans profile image

fanaticfans 4 years ago

Great hub friend, a minutes ago i also wrote about hypertension. free from hypertension is very important for me, because i also have it :(

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Please Note:


    • The information provided on this page is not intended as a substitute for the advice of a registered physician or other healthcare professional.

    • The content of this page is intended only to provide a summary and general overview. Do not use this information to disregard medical advice, nor to delay seeking medical advice.

    • Be sure to consult with your doctor for a professional diagnosis and appropriate medical treatment.

    Click to Rate This Article
    working