What is a Root Canal?

What is a Root Canal?

A root canal is a procedure done by dentists to save a decayed or infected tooth. The dentists remove the nerve and pulp of the tooth and the inside of the tooth is cleaned out. After the tooth is cleaned out, it is sealed and a crown is placed to cover the tooth to restore it back to a fully functional tooth with the exception of feeling temperature changes in the specific tooth; this should not affect the day to day functioning of the tooth.

What is a Root Canal?
What is a Root Canal? | Source

Why do Root Canal Occur?

Our teeth looks very strong outside but it is soft and tender inside with very sensitive nerves and tissues that surround them. If theses nerves become infected bacteria will start to grow and multiply and the tooth and surrounding areas will become infected. It is very important it is to take care of your teeth in the proper manner so you can avoid root canals. Most of the times your teeth may get damaged due to any of the reasons like

  • Accidents during day to day activities
  • Injury to face during road and other accidents
  • Injury sustained during sports events
  • Improper or neglected oral care....... MAINLY THIS!
  • Diseases and disorders that lead to serious tooth related problems etc

Go to the Doctor Immediately!

If you fail to take care of your teeth in a proper manner your teeth becomes chipped, decayed or cracked adversely affecting your dental health. You will be benefited by knowing what is a root canal, and how to take care of your teeth from decay and infections. If you notice any problems in your teeth do not postpone the visit to your dentist but take immediate steps to get rid of the problem.

What is a Tooth?


The physiology of teeth is a combination of two parts namely the crown that is the visible part that is outside the gum line and the root that sits under the gum holding the crown in place and feeding it with all the nutrients it needs. The root of your teeth is the most critical part as it holds everything that is necessary for the health of the whole teeth. The pulp is the soft part of the root that provides all the nutrients to the teeth. Due to various infections and damages caused to the crown or injury to the root area of the teeth you need the help of a dentist to get cured of the condition. Your dentist performs a procedure called as the root canal to set right the problems in the root of the teeth and save it from further decay.

Symptoms that a Root Canal is needed

There are certain symptoms you can see and feel at the root of your teeth and when you have this you must know what is a root canal and how this will help you get rid of the following symptoms like:

  • Darkening / discoloration of a tooth
  • Tenderness or Swelling in the gums surrounding the tooth
  • Pimple formation on the surrounding gums
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
  • Pain in and around the affected area
  • Severe toothache when chewing or any form of pressure is applied

When the root of your teeth is damaged and infected then the condition can be set right by doing the root canal procedure. By doing this dentist takes care that further infection does not get on to the other healthy teeth. He also takes necessary steps to save the affected teeth.

It must be noted that doing extra care of your teeth by repeated dental procedures may also lead to damage in the root and you may be forced to have a root canal procedure. So know what is a root canal and understand the importance of protecting your teeth from getting damaged due to the injury and infections to the root area of your teeth.

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