Real Christmas Mysteries

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The 'spirit' of Christmas

"...Christmas all hail! - without the wild storm,

Within, good fires, good fare, shall keep us warm:

And the huge log, within chimney blazing bright,

Make joyous sparkle through the merry night;

While mysterious tales are told around the hearth,

Where mingle sacred thoughts with those of earth.."

(Excerpt from "Recollections of old Christmas".)


Love and joy are two of the main themes associated with the festive season.

However, is there another side to this spiritual and happy occasion? For example is there a dark side to Christmas that people have experienced?

Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, Santa Claus - whatever the name, this character was very different from the modern version.
Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, Santa Claus - whatever the name, this character was very different from the modern version. | Source
Jerpoint Abbey in Ireland where Santa Claus/St. Nicholas is said to be buried.
Jerpoint Abbey in Ireland where Santa Claus/St. Nicholas is said to be buried. | Source

Is St. Nicholas/Santa Claus Buried In Ireland?

Saint Nicholas, who inspired the Father Christmas legend, may well be buried in Ireland.

It’s believed that his remains were brought back to Ireland by some Crusaders about 800 years ago. The location of the grave is thought to be at Jerpoint Abbey in County Kilkenny, where a large stone slab marks the site.

St Nicholas of Myra lived during the 4th century. His reputation grew when it was discovered that he anonymously left gifts for poor people. He was eventually canonised and finally became a ‘saint’ a number of years later. It’s thought that St. Nicholas died in the year 346 AD.

St Nicholas was the Bishop of Lycia – now the country of Turkey.

After his death he was buried in a church in Myra. The site was visited by many pilgrims and historians claim that early crusaders removed Saint Nicholas’s remains back to Ireland.

The family responsible for this were called De Frainet. They settled in Ireland and Nicholas de Frainet founded a Cistercian Abbey at Jerpoint in about 1200. He then had the remains of St. Nicholas placed in a tomb within the abbey.

There is still a profound mystery surrounding the family’s reasons for bringing St. Nicholas back to Ireland with them. Was there a specific or spiritual reason for doing so? As yet these questions remain an enigma.

The idea of an evil Santa is very hard to reconcile with the benign figure we know so well.
The idea of an evil Santa is very hard to reconcile with the benign figure we know so well. | Source
The Yule Goat was a malignant figure at Christmas time in some cultures.
The Yule Goat was a malignant figure at Christmas time in some cultures. | Source

An Evil Santa Claus?

We are all familiar with the happy and kind Father Christmas whose cherubic face is plastered everywhere in the run up to Christmas.

Generally this icon gives a feeling of warmth and friendliness. However, there are legends that give a very different slant on Father Christmas. In folklore there is thought to have been a malicious Santa and his evil helpers.

The idea of a wicked Santa may just come from the same kind of traditions we have today - children know that they should behave in order to be rewarded with presents. The folklore tales are possibly just the same kind of thing only taken to an extreme.


Jouluppukki - the Yule Goat

This is a supernatural entity from the folklore of Finland and it didn't bring gifts - it demanded them!

It was believed that Jouluppukki resembled an ugly gnome and would travel around on the back of a hideous beast.

He would begin his journey at the north, demanding gifts from the people. It wasn’t wise to refuse him either. If he was slighted he would ensure that bad luck and havoc would strike the household.

Related to this from the folklore of Iceland comes the Yule Lads. There were 13 in the family who were called Jolasveinair.

Each of the lads had a distinct personality but one trait they shared was - if they didn’t like the gift offered to them by a family they would devour their children!

It’s thought by some that the Yule Lads have become transformed into a Santa-like figure or that they have been transformed into Santa's cute little elves.

In other traditions the elves were always thought to be bad rather than good. In some folklore legends they are described as having a stick or rod with which they would beat children who misbehaved.

In addition they also carried a small sack over one shoulder. This sack would be used to kidnap children who hadn’t behaved.

These malignant Santa 'aids' have been called several names depending on culture or country.

The names include:

  • Knecht Ruprecht/Servent Ruprecht
  • and also Krampus.

In some traditions young men would dress up as these festive entities in the weeks leading up to Christmas in order to scare people - almost like a Christmas equivalent of Halloween.

In Flanders and the Netherlands this evil companion to Santa goes by the name of Zwarte Piet and also carries a stick to beat misbehaving children.

Krampus -mentioned previously - is also referred to not only as a helper to Santa, but as a demon and more specifically an incubus.

Not only would this evil henchman beat unruly children, but adults as well who were thought to deserve it. As Santa would dish out presents to the good folks and children, Krampus would be lurking just behind him to pounce on those that had been bad.

The city of Bristol in earlier times where the Cumptons had a terrifying ordeal at Christmas.
The city of Bristol in earlier times where the Cumptons had a terrifying ordeal at Christmas. | Source
Bristol city in Victorian times.
Bristol city in Victorian times. | Source
A markerBristol UK -
Bristol, City of Bristol, UK
[get directions]

Evil spirits or hallucination?

One of the strangest incidents I've come across is one that happened to an ordinary married couple called the Cumpstons.

In December 1873 a few days before Christmas the couple decided to take a short holiday. Their chosen destination was Bristol and the Victoria Hotel

They arrived late evening and were glad to be out of the dark, cold streets.

Not long after unpacking, they began to hear banging and thumping noises that grew louder and more frequent.

They reported the noise to the Landlady who basically shrugged it off and didn't seem to want to hear anything about it.

However, just as suddenly as the noises had commenced they stopped. Relieved the couple got ready for bed and went to sleep quite quickly.

At 3.00am in the morning the Cumpstons woke up to a terrifying crescendo of thumping and banging that seemed to come mostly from the floor. On jumping out of bed they had the distressing sensation that their floor was about ready to give way underneath them.

Suddenly, Mr Cumpston felt the floor open up and a horrible sensation of being sucked down! The couple screamed for help. Their voices sounded odd, seeming to echo vibrantly. Then they distinctly heard other voices also calling, as if mimicking their cries.

Mrs Cumpston grabbed at her husband and managed to pull him clear. The couple fled out of the room by the window and ran to the nearest train station.

They were panic stricken and incoherent and shouting that they believed that criminals had tried to kidnap them. It was here that the police arrested the couple and they appeared in court later on that same day charged with disorderly conduct.

The landlady did testify that she had heard some unusual noises but had not really thought that much about them and would not give any further details.

When police searched the room where the Cumpstons had stayed, they found all their belongings there and still neatly packed away. The floor boards were also intact with no sign either above or below them of any tools being recently used. The floor was solid and in very good order. The court decided that the couple had suffered a hallucination together and let them go.

To this day there is still no explanation of who or what was responsible for the noises, the voices or the sensations that this married couple had experienced. This is indeed a very curious and creepy Christmas Mystery.

No one really knows yet what exactly causes poltergeist activity and there are many accounts of poltergeist phenomena around the festive season.
No one really knows yet what exactly causes poltergeist activity and there are many accounts of poltergeist phenomena around the festive season. | Source

Supernatural

What time of year, if any, do you find particularly spooky?

  • Halloween
  • Christmas
  • Hogmany/New Year
  • I don't find any time of year spooky
See results without voting

The Christmas Poltergeist

The following account involves a particularly nasty poltergeist attack on a family.

We learn about the experience from a letter written at Christmas in 1812. The author is Robert Roberts the tenant farmer of Bodeugan, in Wales.

The letter relates, after giving an apology to the landowner for the late delivery of a Christmas Goose, the terrifying incidents that had occurred in their home. Robert refers to the house as being 'bewitched' but the signs of poltergeist activity are classic.

The first incident occurred on the night of December 1st Robert relates how stones and pieces of coal were thrown at the windows of the house. No one was found either near the building or on the surrounding land.

The activity started again the following day, when it was reported that the milk pots, used for churning milk, had been thrown causing them to break into very small pieces. Not only that but other kitchen utensils were also thrown and scattered around the property.

The attacks then became personal. The terrified family had various objects thrown at them - these also included heavy kitchen utensils. The following day the women of the farm had stones, bricks and dung thrown at them.

The poltergeist was so violent that they could not milk the cows because of the number of missiles being fired. The activity became so severe that the women fled in terror and spent the night at a neighbour’s house.

The family seems to have had a full day of peace but this was short lived. On the following day Robert reported that water was the next weapon to be used. The distressed farmer reported that glasses were thrown at them and so much water that the family were drenched. He also reported that many other items were constantly being moved.

Then a complete silence took over the house for a full ten days. The family were relieved and thankful that they would have a peaceful Christmas.

However, on Christmas Eve, the poltergeist returned and with a vengeance. This time the attacks were personal physical attacks on the family and the household servants.

The servants in particular were frequently pinched, kicked and punched and with such violence that scratches and bruises appeared on their skin. Their bedclothes were also repeatedly ripped from the bed and thrown on the floor.

Robert then reports that the activity had become so severe that his wife became ill and had to take to her bed because of stress and fear.

However, as is the case with most poltergeist activity, it suddenly stopped as mysteriously as it had begun.

To our knowledge, no further reference was made to the Christmas Poltergeist.


I hopw you've enjoyed these Christmas Mysteries and if you have any of your own stories you would like to share then tell us about them in the comments section.

©Seeker7/H M Howell September 2013 all rights reserved

More by this Author


Comments 40 comments

writer20 profile image

writer20 5 years ago from Southern Nevada

Great hub all about Christmas. Voted up and interesting.

Can't wait to start decorating.


Frank Atanacio profile image

Frank Atanacio 5 years ago from Shelton

Everything about this Hub was fantastic.. the lead in the education.. the story behind the story-- this was such a good read... and im glad I caught it tonight


thebookmom profile image

thebookmom 5 years ago from Nebraska

Very Interesting! I had no idea where Father Christmas was buried or that there may have been an evil version of him. Fascinating, well researched and well written. Great Work!


thelyricwriter profile image

thelyricwriter 5 years ago from West Virginia

Useful, awesome, interesting, and voted up. This was very interested and I really enjoyed the history. Very well written as well Seeker7. I never heard the evil Santa story. A great read.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hello writer20, many thanks for the visit and glad that you enjoyed the hub. The growing enthusiasm of my young nieces and nephews are getting me in the mood for Christmas - and for decorating which can be a chore at times. But since I've had little volunteers to help this year, I think I'm going to enjoy it!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hello Frank, lovely to hear from you and glad that you enjoyed the hub - many thanks for the vote up as well!

As well as all the buzz and the joy, Christmas still has a capacity to startle us, even in this great age of technology and sceptism!LOL! Always great to hear from you.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi thebookmom, many thanks for stopping by, it's lovely to hear from you.

I'm also glad that you enjoyed the hub. That is a really wonderful comment you have left and it is greatly appreciated - thank you, you have made my day a much better one! LOL!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi to you thelyricwriter - always great to hear from you!

Glad that you enjoyed the hub and many thanks for the vote up! I hadn't heard about these folk legends either. It was just by accident that I came across it and it sounded really interesting - a scary Christmas rather than the usual 'ho,ho,ho' stuff! LOL!


Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

Gypsy Rose Lee 5 years ago from Riga, Latvia

This was one terrific and interesting read. Loved those pictures. This ones bookmarked.


Alastar Packer profile image

Alastar Packer 5 years ago from North Carolina

Hey Seeker. That was very intriguing on the St. Nicholas and evil Santa, and Finnish yule goat. You know another evil-in a way- is how Coke pretty much invented the Santa we know today so as to sell their soda. Do you think it's a coincidence that Santa spelled backwards is you know what. Sounds like the Cumpstons might have experienced a time/dimensional vortex that opened in the hotel room, just a speculation on it. Ha! the last story-just what we want for a present, a Christmas poltergeist!


xethonxq profile image

xethonxq 5 years ago

Very interesting hub...I didn't realize all the history behind Christmas. I guess the old adage is right...you learn something new every day. :) Thanks Seeker7!!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi Gypsy, many thanks for stopping by and glad that you enjoyed the hub! The pictures are pretty nice or pretty creepy depends on the mood I guess!LOL!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi xethonxq, many thanks for the visit and for leaving such a nice comment - much appreciated.

Since I joined Hub Pages I've learned a great deal from other writers, both on things that I like and subjects I didn't know a lot about - so yes, I definitely agree with you that you do learn something everyday!

Many thanks again!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Alastar - as usual it's an absolute delight to hear from you and to read your thoughts.

I agree about 'another kind of evil'. I'm not a conspiracy theory fanatic, but I do think many of these researchers have given us much food for thought.

The gigantic companies of this world have long been believed to have been either infiltrated or indeed run/owned by Satanists/black occultists. So, in relation to the Coca-Cola company, and your thoughts on Santa being an anagram for Satan, may well have foundations - if the conspiracy theorists are correct. Of course it is a wild theory and I could understand most folks not giving it a second thought. But just because something is far-fetched or weird, isn't proof that it's not true. If indeed these companies such as Coke, Microsoft, oil companies and so on are run by the black arts then they are holding true to what most Satanists are after - wealth and power! What better way to get this wealth and power by having a powerful - good, cheery, hopeful - icon as a front - Santa - in order to gather the masses in? In particular it's huge influence on kids. Maybe it's a kind of sick joke, using the name Satan and then disguising it?

For me personally, there has always been something insipid and evil lurking on this planet and I often wonder when I look about me, if this 'evil' isn't gaining ground. But then I see the work that some people do for others and our planet and I have huge hopes again.

As to the Cumpstons - what an intriguing idea about the time/dimension vortex. I have actually puzzled over this case since I read it. At first the collective hallucination seemed to fit most of the phenomena, but then how would the landlady hear the noises as well if it was simply an hallucination? I also think, reading between the lines, that this landlady knew a lot more than she was letting on and even sounded as if she might be scared at times. Very odd case but I do like the time/dimensional vortex - this explains so much and very well.

The Christmas Poltergeist was, I thought, a particularly nasty piece of work. There are a few more famous Christmas stories, like the one from Windsor Castle, but apart from that poltergeist disliking Christams Cards it's pretty much benign. The Roberts's poltergeist must have been a very traumatic experience.


againsttheodds profile image

againsttheodds 5 years ago

Nice and informative article for the upcoming season. I'll be sure to tell all my relatives about the Yule Goat to insure I get good presents! One interesting thing my mother came up with for Christmas when I was a child (actually I think she got it from a tv show maybe Oprah) was the Krinkles. They were little tiny elves that came for a week before Christmas and each day would leave a clue and the child has to figure out the clue and then maybe another clue leading to the hiding place of a small present which is usually something like a stocking stuffer. That way they get to have a week of little presents. It made things pretty fun.


Alastar Packer profile image

Alastar Packer 5 years ago from North Carolina

Thanks for the great reply Seeker. Uh Oh, I must be getting "read happy" with the contest n all. Of course I meant an anagram..lol. Well, as far as the dark arts indulged by corp. it unfortunately goes beyond theory with a lot of them. Here's the hope Seeker: its becoming quite apparent that a higher state of being is in our very DNA and an activation into a higher state may be right around the corner. The big fish that want to keep the little fish in the pond ignorant of the big ocean that's available to them have their work cut out 'cause its hard to go against the universe. As to the vortex, they tend to open up on the earth grid at times. That new read I recommended to you has a fascinating chapter on events and discoveries relating to it. On another topic: theres also new book out on the treasure hoards over your way called Lost Gold of the Dark Ages that has some awesome pics in it. The mid-lands and Scotland are very beautiful!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi to you aginsttheodds,

Many thanks for stopping by and glad that you enjoyed the hub! That is very interesting about your Mum and the story of the Krinkles. I haven't heard of them, I wish I had I would have added them to the hub! LOL! I think I like the idea of the Krinkles very much, they add a very cute sweetness to Christmas. Many thanks for sharing this!


Movie Master profile image

Movie Master 5 years ago from United Kingdom

What a great hub - it had everything! I loved the heartwarming story of St Nicholas and thoroughly enjoyed the scary story of the Cumpstons!

Thank you for sharing and voted up, best wishes MM


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi Alastar, I agree with you about our DNA and higher states. I think the thing about these idiots who are into power/wealth is that they are so arrogant, they can't see beyond the physical and material plane and anything else is, in their eyes, beneath contempt - especially all us 'small fish'! Grabbing as much as they can is what their sad lives are all about. But yes, they will never be able to go against creation and the awesome spiritual forces that form and guide all.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi MM - great to hear from you and glad that you enjoyed the hub.

It did have a bit of everything since I couldn't make up my mind exactly what kind of 'mysteries' I wanted! LOL! In the end I just went for a mixed bag and luckily it seems to have worked out okay.

I agree with you, I think the story about St.Nicholas is very heartwarming and sweet - just what we need to get into the true spirit of the festive season!

Many thanks again!


mary615 profile image

mary615 5 years ago from Florida

You and habee must have done your research together. Her Hub is so similar; she talks about Krampus. Some of this is pretty scary. I like the modern day depiction of old St. Nick.


Rosemay50 profile image

Rosemay50 5 years ago from Hawkes Bay - NewZealand

Hi Seeker.

I always enjoye reading your hubs, this one is my favourite I think. I enjoyed reading about the history of santa, I had never heard of an evil santa before.

Interesting story about the Cumpstons makes one think what might have been.

The poltergeist was quite scary, I don't think I would have hung around. Mind you the thought of the letter made me smile. 'Dear sir I apologise for the late delivery of your goose, but you see sir it was like this...'

Voting up an enjoyable read


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi Mary,

Wow - I'll need to read habee's hub! We might have done research together but I'd still be interested in reading another hubber's take on these Christmas themes. I also agree Krampus etc is very creepy indeed and I prefer the more positive side to Christmas - we all need a bit of light in these days of so much turmoil!

Many thanks for your visit and glad that you stopped by.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi Rosemay, lovely to hear from you and glad that you enjoyed the hub!

The Cumpstons is very odd and I agree with Alastar when he suggests a time slip/vortex kind of thing - even at that, it's still very odd!

Do you know I was laughing as well when I first read about the letter and the late Christmas goose. I kept thinking to myself - I bet the landlord had heard loads of excuses over the years, but never that a poltergeist had caused delays!!LOL! But laughing aside, this poltergeist was nasty, and I would have moved out long before things got so bad!

Many thanks again for the visit and the comment!


grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 5 years ago from Southern Tier New York State

Wow! I'm still shivering from the poltergeist incident! What a great Hub. I thoroughly enjoyed every part of it. Never heard of the evil Santa before, but it makes sense. After all, there is a constant struggle between good and evil. Voted Up and Awesome.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hello grandmapearl, Lovely to hear from you!

I agree with you about the poltergeist - I was saying to some of the other hubbers that this one was a particularly nasty piece of work! I'm not scared of ghosts, but poltergeists are freaky - I wouldn't have stayed in the house until someone had managed, somehow, to get rid of it!

Before this hub I hadn't heard about the evil Santa either and yes, I agree it does make very good sense when you view it from the angle of good versus evil.

Many thanks for the vote up and glad that you enjoyed the hub - even if the poltergeist did make you shiver a bit!!


Talisker profile image

Talisker 5 years ago from UK

What a fascinating read!! I had never heard of a wicked Father Christmas figure before. The spooky stories too were intriguing. I don't think I'll tell my children of the other Father Christmas legends quite yet, they're still very small. Once again voted up.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi again Talisker - I love the name by the way!!

I hadn't heard of an evil Santa either and when I came across it by accident I couldn't resist adding it into a hub. I'm glad the jolly red guy is the more familiar one to us today though, we need nice stuff happening instead of all the doom and gloom that tends to go on! I'm the same with my nieces and nephews, I usuall don't mind letting them see what I write but on this occasion I didn't bring the hub up when they were around.

Lovely to hear from you and for leaving such a nice comment. Many thanks.


That Grrl profile image

That Grrl 4 years ago from Barrie, Ontario, Canada

I've been reading a few of your Christmas posts this afternoon.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi That Grrl, many thanks for your visit and taking the time to comment. Hope you enjoy the hubs about Christmas!


kittythedreamer profile image

kittythedreamer 4 years ago from the Ether

LOVE this hub, Seeker7. I wrote a hub on Christmas ghosts, but this is even more wonderful! Loved the stories of the evil Santa Clauses or similar legendary figures...I've heard of them before. I also heard that there was a good witch somewhere in Europe that was thought to bring presents to the good children on Christmas (winter solstice) before Santa Claus was even a thought. Thanks for sharing. Voted up and awesome!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi Kitty - always a pleasure to hear from you, I enjoy your input greatly! Christmas Ghosts? I must have missed that one! I'll need to have a read. For me Christmas can be even more spooky and mysterious than Halloween.

I think that's fabulous that a 'witch' is the good guy for a change and giving out presents to kids - as you know as well as me, it's nearly always a negative image, so the good witch is a refreshing change.

Many thanks again for the visit Kitty and in case I don't get a chance - have a very merry Christmas!


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 4 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

Seeker7,

What an intriguing and interesting hub sharing much research and detailed information. I plan to bookmark this to check it over a couple more times, as this is all new to me. Voted UP & UABI.

Hope this is a wonderful, non-spooky Christmas for you, mar.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi mar, lovely to hear from you - your dog looks absolutely beautiful and I love his/her bandana!!

Glad that you enjoyed the hub - I had lots of fun writing this one!!! I hope as well that you and yours have a very happy Christmas and all the very best for 2012!


Silvers-Jain8 profile image

Silvers-Jain8 4 years ago from MA

This is some unbelievable stuff, but I knew there was something deeper to Christmas.

Though I'll stick to a happy santa any day ^_^*. Merry Christmas!!


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi Silvers-Jain8, great to hear from you again and glad that you enjoyed the hub!!

I agree with you - I'd much rather have the regular jolly, ho, ho, ho stuff as the other side of it. But I'm also like you in the feelings that Christmas always does go deeper - I think it might relate to the Solstice on the 21-22, a very mystical time but positive. Where all the dark stuff comes from lord only knows!!! Our own subconscious maybe!

Anyway, It's 1.20pm Christmas Eve here in Scotland at the time of writing, so here's wishing you a very merry Christmas, hope it's a good one for you and your family!


CMHypno profile image

CMHypno 4 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

Amazing Christmas mysteries Seeker7, and the thought of an evil Santa is quite spooky. I really like the fact that we live in a world full of mystery, and that there are still so many things to explore


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi CMHypno - and a very Happy New Year to you.

Many thanks for stopping by and glad that you enjoyed the hub. I have to say that when I first read these folklore legends about an evil Santa they creeped me out as well!! We are all so used to the usual very good, nice guy in red, so to think of this icon in a negative light kind of turns everything on its head!

I love mysteries of all kinds, whether it's the mysteries of nature, the paranormal, the mind etc - it doesn't matter, I'm hooked!


CJStone profile image

CJStone 4 years ago from Whitstable, UK

Great Hub Seeker 7. I'm a fan of Christmas mysteries myself, and I always knew Santa had a dark side. Now I know its name: Jouluppukki. Am I right in thinking that there's "puckish" element in the name? Puck (aka Robin Goodfellow) is often depticted with goat's horns and hooves, half goat half devil, though there's more mischief than malice in his escapades.


Seeker7 profile image

Seeker7 4 years ago from Fife, Scotland Author

Hi CJStone,

Many thanks for he visit and taking the time to leave a comment - it's much appreciated.

Yes I think folklore does have a common foundation and from out of this comes variations of essentially the same character/force. The variations tend to be, as you've said, in the degree of badness/mischief. Perhaps during really bad times - such as the plague - these folklore characters become more evil and threatening and others may even be invented during these times. As to puck - this character always fascinates me and I see him more as a Pan figure rather than the devil - and like Puck, his sense of mischief is well known but never evil.

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