Indian Independence Day Celebrations (2016)
India celebrates her 70th Independence Day
on 15 August 2016.
Celebration Of Independence Day In India
India attained independence from the British rule on 15 August 1947.
Independence day is celebrated as a national holiday in India.
The celebrations start off with the Prime Minister hoisting the national flag at the historic Red Fort in New Delhi, India's capital and the firing of 21 gunshots, in honor of the occasion.This is followed by his nationally broadcast Independence speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort.
Prior to this, on the eve of independence day, the President of India, delivers "The Address To The Nation" speech. This is telecast nationally and broadcast on the radio too.
The Historical Red Fort
During his speech the Prime Minister focusses on the achievement of the government during the past year, mentions the issues that still need to be addressed and calls upon for further developmental efforts. Tributes are paid to the leaders of the freedom struggle.
The Indian national anthem - Jana Gana Mana - is sung. March past follows the speech with the division of the Indian Army leading and followed by the para military forces. Paraders and pageants which relive the events of the freedom struggle as well as the cultural traditions follow.
All state capitals hold events on similar lines with the Chief Ministers of the respective states unfurling the national flag followed by the ritualistic parades and pageants.
Schools & colleges also hold these flag hoisting ceremonies followed by the singing of the national anthem, which is then followed by holding of cultural events.
Important government buildings are adorned with strings of lights and the Indian tricolor - the national flag can be seen fluttering proudly from many houses and buildings as well.
Another interesting feature of the celebrations is the kite flying events that are held all over the country. The sky, on this day, is dotted with kites of various colors, shapes and sizes with many tricolored kites are seen flying.
India's First Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru India's first prime minister in his unique historical speech on 15 August 1947 said,
" Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny and now the time comes when we will redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
A moment comes, which but comes rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation long suppressed, finds utterance. We end today a period of ill fortune, and India discovers herself again."
How true and prophetic those words were.
The Indian Freedom Struggle - The Road To Independence (1857 - 1947)
Read in detail about India's freedom struggle.
The Indian Freedom Struggle (1857-1947)
The Indian freedom struggle has a history of almost 100 years.
It started with the Indian mutiny of 1857 which led to the end of the East India company's rule, the formation of the Indian National Congress, the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, the non Cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi, the Simon commission, the Civil disobedience movement and finally the Quit India movement started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942 followed by the partition of India by carving a separate state for the Muslims, called Pakistan.
This struggle for independence was a long and ardous battle during which 2 weapons were used;
- Non violence.
Unique & Lesser Known Facts About India
Some of these are :
- Chess, Algebra, Trignometry and Calculus are India's gift to the world.
- The "Place Value" and "Decimal Value" systems were developed in India.
- The Indian Ayurvedic system of medicine is the oldest medicine system in the world.
- Navigation systems were developed in India.
- The world's first university was established in India.
- India was the only source of diamonds until 1896.
- The Indian constitution is the largest written constitution in the world, with 395 articles & 8 schedules.
Read more interesting facts about India at this link.
The Indian Flag
The Indian National Flag
The Indian National Flag is a horizontal three colored flag of deep saffron, white and dark green colors. Ashok Chakra, a 24 spoke wheel in navy blue color is at its center.
The Indian national flag is called "Tiranga" in Hindi. It is made of Khadi - a type of hand spun cloth, made of cotton or silk.
The saffron color represents courage, white; truth & purity and green; peace & prosperity. The Ashok Chakra represents the wheel of law or righteousness.
Dr S. Radhakrishnan, India's first Vice President and second President explained the symbolism of colors and the Ashoka Chakra in the Indian Tricolor thus;
- "The saffron color denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work.
- The white in the center is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct.
- The green shows our relation to (the) soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends.
- The "Ashoka Chakra" in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag.
- The wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change."
The Indian National Anthem
Jana-Gana-Mana - this song was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore. It was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950.
Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali poet, philosopher, artist, playwright, composer and novelist and India's first Nobel laureate.
He was affectionately called Gurudev.
The Indian National Song
The National Song of India, Vande Mataram, was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.
It was a source of inspiration to the people during their struggle for freedom.
It has the same status as Jana-Gana-Mana, the National Anthem.
India's National Symbols
- National Animal..............................................................Tiger
- National Flower...............................................................Lotus
- National Fruit...................................................................Mango
- National Tree...................................................................Banyan Tree
- National Game.................................................................Hockey
- National Bird....................................................................Peacock
- National Language...........................................................Hindi
Some More Information
Many Indian film makers have over the years made several feature films with Indian Independence as the theme. Patriotic songs have been a constant feature of these movies. On independence day, patriotic songs are broadcast on TV and radio channels. Patriotic films are also broadcast on TV.
Many literary creations both in prose and poetry have been inspired by independence and the partition of the country. Some notable ones being;
- Khushwant Singh - Train to Pakistan.
- Short stories like Toba Tek Singh by Saadat Hassan Manto.
- Poems by Faiz Ahmed Faiz.
- Freedom at midnight by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre.
- Dharamputra (1961)
- Garm Hawa (1973)
- Tamas (1987)
A Pledge All Indians Must Take
India is the world's largest democracy with a rich cultural heritage.
Today, when the tricolor flutters in the sky, let each one of us reaffirm our faith to bring glory to the country and strive to make India a nation that stands for human values.
- Patriotic Songs - Celebrate This Indian Independence Day With These Awesome Melodies!
A list of some of the best Indian patriotic songs.
Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo
About The Song Ae Mere Watan Ke Logo
- Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo - is an Indian patriotic song written in Hindi by the Indian poet Pradeep with music by C. Ramchandra commemorating Indian soldiers who died during the Indo-China war.
- It was sung live by Bollywood playback singer Lata Mangeshkar, in the presence of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in New Delhi on the occasion of the Indian Republic Day in 1963, many months after the end of the war.
- Nehru was moved to tears by the song as eyewitnesses say.
- Poet Pradeep was a nationalist at hear and has penned very many patriotic songs for films.
- All the artists and technicians involved with producing this song worked free and did not charge a dime for it.
- Pradeep pledged the royalty of the song to the Indian War Widows Fund.
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A Beautiful Independence Day Poem By Hubber Shampa Sadhya
- Be True Indians ( Poem)
India, our country, is free from British rule but Indians are misusing its independence. Now India is in the hands of the powerful Indian citizens and so some sort of freedom is being curtailed. Why so? Come let's enjoy 15th August, India's Independe
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© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly
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