Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor in the Philippines

Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor

Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor

Growing up in a developing country -- The Philippines - the stark reality of child labor is evident in all sectors of economy -- fishing, agriculture -- farming, mining and manufacturing industries. In fact there was a movie shown that document and shows children working in the fishing industry entitled Muro - Ami in the Philippines and you can see this here in the video. Child labor is a problem as old as the earliest civilizations, it has some cultural -- specifically familial factor and economic conditions related to it.

This is also true in other developing countries of the world -- in Africa and Asia. There is a relationship between population growth -- and child labor to my mind. The culture also exacerbates the conditions of child labor. In fact even in the more developed and industrialized countries there are also child labor, only the mechanisms are different.

Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor -- CHILD Labor in the Philippines

Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor

In celebration of the International Children's Day on on June 1 and with International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression on June 4, please join me in celebrating the sector of our society which need most our love, guidance and care, our children. In view of this, I am sharing this hub to you -- discussion on child labor -- Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor -- I hope you find it useful and let us work towards a society in which a child is not obliged to work.

-- You can donate to children's causes by reading this hub of mine -- Where to donate for children's causes, but before donating you may want to read this -- How to Avoid Schemers When Giving to Charities.

Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor

The Relationship of High Fertility Rates and Child Labor

Wealth Flows Theory in Fertility -- A noted sociologists John Caldwell stated that in agricultural economy people have many children because they see them as wealth -- meaning children are seen as source of help in the ricefield and in farming areas, so they tend to have more children. On the other hand, in industrialized economy like the US, UK etc, children are seen not as source of wealth but more of a responsibility because women are more employed and they don't have time to take care of children, at the same time women in more developed countries are more empowered and they have more careers outside homes.

If this situation is reversed or there is what we call reversal of flow of wealth that of parents to children, not children to parents couples or people limit family size. It make sense to me. When children are seen as an additional costs, then people limit their number of children, but when children are seen as source of wealth in this case child labor, people don't limit family size.

The Data on Child Labor

According to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in their latest report on the State of Worlds Children 2010, Africa and Asia ranked the top two in child labor, although it exists in even the more developed countries.

Some Cultural Issues

In some developing countries for example the Philippines, children are a source of wealth to parents in terms of helping them with younger siblings -- the values inculcated in them is such that they need to help their parents in terms of finances etc. so they work if they can. I see this in farming villages and some fishing villages. Most of families in agricultural economy are into this values. It is difficult for the government and some cause oriented groups to even explain to the parents that children which are expected to work is exploitative. Both the children and parent see it as positive aspect.

Protecting the Rights of Children Against Child Labor :: Population Growth and Child Labor

What Can Be Done : How do you protect children against child labor?

  • In an effort to protect children against child labor, the government should enforce laws strictly, the neighbors and community should act as police and report any incidence of it. Laws in more developed countries are more in placed as opposed to the laws in developing countries, yes there are laws but they are not strictly implemented as it conflicts with other cultural concerns like -- the children want to help their parents because it is their obligations to help.
  • Parents should be put in jail if they allow their children to be working instead of going to school. In these situations, community monitoring is important. There is a difference between a newspaper boy who is just doing the work to learn the value of money than a forced child labor where the parents forced their children to work -- as in the case in developing countries
  • The conscious effort and information dissemination factor -- in which the government should be able to educate families before they marry -- their children should not be  considered a  source of wealth rather they need to be in school and enjoy childhood
  • In view of the relationship of high population growth to child labor --- the government should help to educate women and empower them so that they can see that an additional child means lesser time for them to have their own careers -- for self improvement. The more children the woman has, the lesser time is allotted for personal improvement and relaxation.

----------------

Conclusion :

Child labor is an important issue and it is related to the number of children the couple have -- fertility rate and poverty incidence -- this is more evident in developing countries. Child labor is robbing the child of his/her childhood and instead of enjoying they childhood, they work instead, some even skip school. Culture is a factor in child labor as well. We can do something with regards to this problem by helping organizations which protect the child against the exploitative nature of child labor and be vigilant and active member of community -- reporting perpetrators. Let us love the children -- they are the source of our future.

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Comments 47 comments

AlexK2009 profile image

AlexK2009 6 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

You mentioned the case where the child's income is needed for the family and the cultural bias is that this is a benefit. Surely in such cases the best thing would be to work on alleviating the poverty of the parents and showing them they would be better off if the children went to school.


AlexK2009 profile image

AlexK2009 6 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

It seems to me there are short and long term fixes for this and you have not dealt witht he case where, without the child's labour the family could not eat or pay other bills. And the fact that Education on the Philippines is not free as it is in the UK

It seems to me the best long term fix is to instill inthe PARENTS the notion that they will be better off if the child goes to school and find ways to alleviate the povery of the parents. Simply punishing parents who feel they have no other choice will not work.

As always more education is needed


DevLin profile image

DevLin 6 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

Ten year old in Haiti wanted to stay with the orphan children so he could go to school. instead of sell water on the street corner all day for the family. Sad where our priotities are sometimes. Those are the kind that grow up to hold rebellions we usually have to fight with. Care for the kids everywhere today, they'll help care for everyone when they get older, and end up running things. Good hub. I never really put it together about having more kids helps them make more money selling goods. Thanks.


Nellieanna profile image

Nellieanna 6 years ago from TEXAS

Such a big issue! Having just read Green Lotus' hub on violent games children are addicted to, I'm inclined to thing that working alongside Dad on the family farm sounds relatively harmless though! Learning responsibility and developing physical and mental skills required in doing appropriate tasks is not so bad! Here, a generation of obese couch potatoes might benefit from a few afternoons pitching hay or rounding up the cows.

But when it involves sweat-shops with unclean conditions, long grueling hours, poor food, inadequate or inappropriate clothing for a job being performed, intimidation, essentially forced labor or slavery - - - that is QUITE ANOTHER story. Certainly a child should not be "helping with the work" apart from his own family and reasonable conditions. In fact - if some sort of manual work withing good conditions is not available - people have to look for gymnasiums and spors activities to fill the slack for the needed growth of strong bones and muscles. It's not always so cut and dry or so black and white. Situations are not all the same.

Anyway - it is always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to children's best interests. I hope your very thoughtful hub and all your child well-being articles help parents and administrators become more aware!!

Thanks again for you efforts in this!


sord87 6 years ago

you're definitely right, there should be laws to protect children from child's labor which i think it is strictly implemeted in most countries.I also agree what Nellieanna have said about 'helping with the work',children should have a reasonable condition to 'hire' him to carry out the work burden.I think we as a parent should let them spend most of their time on study and absorb all the good things about life.Thanks for bring this topic up!

I'll be sure to rate this up in my FB profile!


Shadesbreath profile image

Shadesbreath 6 years ago from California

Big issue for sure. I'm with Nellieanna on finding the balance between working Junior and teaching him or her to know what work is and letting them have freedom to be a child. THe sweatshop thing is hardcore, as you have done a fine job pointing out. I think AlecK2009's point about poverty is pretty important too. This is going to be a problem as long as people are poor. We have the luxury of eating every day to help us hold our moral highground, but when it comes down to a reality of starvation and death vs. misery and life, as long as there is even a tiny thread of hope that someday, maybe, it might get better, people do what they have to. Even children. There's too many greedy dirtbags in power in the world. :( Now I need a drink.

(j/k... nice job on this, saw it on the hubmob forum. Good angle to take on that topic.)


Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

Thank you for your great hub on a very sad issue. You have done a wonderful job on drawing the attention to this problem.


breakfastpop profile image

breakfastpop 6 years ago

This is a very thoughtful hub about a very troubling problem. Children need protection and the first wall of defense is the parents. Education is the key.


blpelton profile image

blpelton 6 years ago

very good and informative hub!


Granny's House profile image

Granny's House 6 years ago from Older and Hopefully Wiser Time

The video was sad. How come the parents don't go work while the children go to school?


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Hi Alexk, thanks for commenting, to some extent yes poverty ( should be the first to be solved), education of women and family planning through the use of contraception should be at placed. it is so difficult to tell parents also as you said and I realized it to tell them if they are hungry and no food to eat, they work first, so for me, the main solution is to have family planning and that the government should help the effort in curbing popualtion growth and really education and reducing poverty is a must

Thank you so much Alexk, good advice and comments.Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Devlin you hit it right, what happened really is that these children will become a problem if they dont have education -- as this is very important to have a good future, it is a just a cycle really, poverty should be solved, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Mam Nellieanna, I for one when growing up help in the ricefiled because I wanted to help and earn money for my own savings, my aprents dont let me do it, but I enjoy doing it, in a sense it gave me the power to know how to save money, helpful when I grow up, i elanr the value of monet at a young age, but in some areas they are forced to work and even skip school just to contribute to the coffers at home, this is just bad,

I for one agree with you mam Nellie about working and sweating it out just for exercise and having fun but totally requiring them to work is just as bad.

I always want your comments, so balance and you have good insights on everyhting, My classy lady Mam, Thanks you, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Shadesbreath, hmm, dirtbags of course greedy people who want money at the expense of children, I see thats why I also agree with Mam NeliieAnna is that I see these children in some areas in the Philippines where there is forced labor, but in some areas they are not also forced to work, I for one as I have said work and then enjoy the work,, even though my parents wont allow me to go to ricefields and plant but I enjoy doing it when I was a child, everybody else is doing it. And they are having fun, but to force them is a big NO NO,

Thank you Shades, Now can I join you in drinking? Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Thanks hello, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

breakfastpop, education is the key, you nailed it there, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

bl, it is good to see you here again, How are you, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Hi Mam Granny, because there is no job for them and even if there is a job, low paying job and children's earnings help them a lot too, not right isn't it, but it is happening, Thank you Mam, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Hi sord, thanks is this happening as well in Malaysia? Maita


vox vocis profile image

vox vocis 6 years ago

Very sad , to explore children like this!


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

You are right, sad, Thanks vox, maita


Sandyspider profile image

Sandyspider 6 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

It breaks my heart to read stories of child labor.


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

hi Sandy, it is sad, but it is happening, Maita


Tammy Lochmann profile image

Tammy Lochmann 6 years ago

wow your video there was really powerful...great job in raising awareness about this very important issue.


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

yes it is a movie, but that is like a docu, Thank you Tam, nice weekend, Maita


drbj profile image

drbj 6 years ago from south Florida

It doesn't take rocket science to see why protecting the rights of children is such a difficult, almost impossible task in many under-developed countries. Many parents and their children as well see child labor as necessary to their survival so how can the government prove to them it is exploitation? Not an simple task.


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

It is not a simple taks but there is something to it drbj, they continually to bear children in an effort to uplift their conditions, -- chicken and egg actually, whew, diffciult at some point, but there should be an end to it, Thanks dear friend. Maita


Chin chin profile image

Chin chin 6 years ago from Philippines

Parents are not the only culprit in subjecting their children to child labor. There are also lots of syndicated groups who exploit children and force them to work in the streets for themselves. The government needs to tighten up policies in regards to this issue and work on the efficiency in executing these laws. But as mentioned above, poverty is an issue that needs to be dealt with because it is a contributing factor to why there's so much child labor cases. Good work on this one, Maita.


Springboard profile image

Springboard 6 years ago from Wisconsin

Somehow, in all of these cases, the leaders of these countries who are in impoverished situations need to be more innovative and creative, and need to work harder to come up with solutions that serve to improve the lives of all of its citizens. I don't think enough of that happens.

That said, I do think child labor is a deplorable practice. But in societies where money is very difficult to come by, how do you stop the cycle?


LeanMan profile image

LeanMan 6 years ago from At the Gemba

I hope that as time goes by the child labour problem in the Philippines will diminish, I have seen children there working often, but on the whole it is helping mum or dad in whatever business they have rather than working in some "sweatshop".

Schooling is on the whole too expensive in the "provinces" where many of the people do not earn more than enough to feed themselves, most of these people want to send their children to school as they understand that their children will have a better future with an education but they just cannot afford to.

Jobs in the Philippines paying a fair wage are a major issue, this is leading to many Filipinos going overseas to work and send money back home to support their families sending children and brothers and sisters to school.

I just hope that the new government manages to start bringing industry and jobs to the Philippines so that this problem can be eradicated..

As to "civilized" countries, I live in Saudi Arabia (with my Filipina wife) and there are so many children selling bottles of water, towels, small toys and so on in the street just to survive.. this is meant to be a rich, civilized country but I see more unhappy, hungry children here than I have ever seen in the Philippines.


TINA V profile image

TINA V 6 years ago

Poverty and child labor are some of the problems in the Philippines. As mentioned by Leanman(comment above), I also hope that the new government will be able to aleviate the country's economic situation. This is again another great hub for social awareness. Have a great week!


a2z50 profile image

a2z50 6 years ago

Thank you so much for helping protect God's children !

Nice work !

Ron

As always alos rprcarz50


viryabo profile image

viryabo 6 years ago

It all boils down to poverty. In the developing countries, many parents, especially the illiterate, feel that earning a small sum daily (always barely enough to survive) will guarantee them a daily meal.

It is enlightenment that is the answer as you rightly said. Things are changing, albeit slowly, because the governments of these developing countries are being made to be aware of the ills of child labour by the developed countries. They are made to know that it is all a form of child abuse, and it must not be encouraged.

This is a great hub about social awareness and social responsibilities Pretty.

GodBless you.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 6 years ago from United States

Miata, Child labor is such a problem around the world and it is so sad. Children need to be protected. Your hub was excellent. Thanks.


defed profile image

defed 6 years ago

But as mentioned above, poverty is an issue that needs to be dealt with because it is a contributing factor to why there's so much child labor cases. Good work on this one,


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

defed, yes poverty should be dealt with, it is a cycle actually, Thanks, maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Thanks Pam, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Thanks vryabo, I am so glad for your visit and your comment is enlightening, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Yes Ron, Gods children you're right there, , Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Thanks TinaV, yes poverty is a big prob in the Philippines and other developing country as well, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Thanks chin, I know you know this because you are from there, poverty should be defended first, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Springboard, you're right leaders of these countries are not doing their job so well and concentrating on the prob of poverty, Maita


prettydarkhorse profile image

prettydarkhorse 6 years ago from US Author

Hi Leanman, Thats a long insights, and yes you're right, soem or most of the children help in the businesses owned by their parents -- or family business, th eprob is when they are forced to do this or skio school because of work etc.

In Saudi Arabia, oh, I dont know about the children there and thanks for the insight here.

Are you in Saudi right now? with your wife, are you planning to go back to Philippines soon?

poverty eradication is the key and control of population growth as well, Thanks, Maita


Cheeky Girl profile image

Cheeky Girl 6 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

This is a thorny subject - especially in Asian countries. Actually the UK once did have Child Workers back in the bad old days. We're not all saints here, Maita. And the parents have to be shown that education is more important than working at a young age. What if every country in the world adopted that philosophy, the whole world would be knocked back into the near stone age. My heart goes out to those little kids becoming old men and women when they are barely in their teens. We shouldn't knock them just because they simply do not know of any other way. Once shown the other way, however, things can change. It would be slow and painful.

I have been to the Philippines a few times, and have seen the kids in the heavy traffic near the bay area, selling snacks, fishing rods, bottles of water, and hauling around freezer boxes with ice drinks in them like C2. It is sad to see, but poverty does that. If it was pocket money for an outside school hours time job, it wouldn't be so bad. But kids need an education. They need a future. They will need to support their own families some day.

I am very glad I read this hub today! Great job as always, moi friend! : )


Micky Dee profile image

Micky Dee 6 years ago

Life is not to merely survive. Thank you Maita.


valeriebelew profile image

valeriebelew 6 years ago from Metro Atlanta, GA, USA

This is a complex issue with many aspects to it. It is a shame people are so poor and desperate that they sometimes must allow their children to work in sweat shops in order for the children, and themselves, to survive. I'm not sure I can pass jugement on these parents since I have not been to that point of poverty; however, governments and the world should assist in relieving the poverty that calls for child labor. I think many of the parents are struggling to survive and have few choices. Micky Dee is correct; life should not be merely to survive. But poverty has to be dealt with too. We can't simply tell people who don't have enough to eat that they should be better paretns. Helpful, and thought provoking hub, Pretty Dark Horse. I've read many of Micky Dee's hubs, and know he would agree with me on this one. We need to help the parents so they can help their kids. (: v


Benson Liaw 2 years ago

I support Philippines!

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