St Nicholas Day
A Kindly Saint
December 6th, is St. Nicholas Day, the day designated by the Catholic Church in its Calendar of Saints to honor the man named Nicholas who was Bishop of Myra, which is now a part of Turkey, and noted for his saintly life.
His birth date is unknown, but December 6th is the generally agreed upon date of his death and it is this date that is celebrated in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches as well as a secular holiday in many countries.
Nicholas lived in the fourth century and died in 342 A.D. He was the son of a wealthy family who became a monk in his teens and later a priest and Bishop.
Following the death of his parent's he used his inheritance to help those in need. His acts of kindness and mercy were legendary and he became known throughout Christendom as a saintly man.
A Popular Feast Day in Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages the harsh dreariness of everyday life was mitigated somewhat by the festivities that surrounded the feast days of popular, well known saints.
Our word holiday is derived from holy day, the days set aside by the Church to honor and remember various saints on their feast days.
These holy day celebrations were a combination of both religious and secular elements which included a Mass in honor of the saint whose feast was being celebrated as well secular activities like having the day off from work, serving of special foods, singing, dancing, etc.
Nicholas, as patron saint of children became very popular and his feast day widely celebrated.
St. Nicholas Day Survived Protestant Reformation
The Protestant Reformation in the fifteenth century attempted to do away with the honoring of saints but ran into difficulty with Nicholas because his feast day had become as much a part of the secular culture as the religious.
In many European countries the gift giving aspect of St. Nicholas day was merged into the gift giving of Christmas and attempts were made to replace St. Nicholas with fictional secular characters such as Père Noel in France, Father Christmas in England, Father Frost in Russia, Kris Kringle in Germany, etc.
All of these fictional secular characters shared the same saintly characteristics of Nicholas – love and care for children, giving secretly at night without expectation of receiving anything in return, etc.
As has been the case with other religious and secular zealots, the attempts to eradicate St. Nicholas and the celebrations and festivities associated with him failed in the long run.
In many places, including the Untied States, the feast of St. Nicholas simply merged with Christmas while in other places, like Holland, it remained a separate holiday but part of the larger Christmas season.
Dutch Brought St. Nicholas Day to United States During Colonial Times
It was the Dutch, who brought St. Nicholas to their colony of New Amsterdam (now New York) in America.
However, after the British took over New Amsterdam and English became the language of New York, St. Nicholas' name evolved from the Dutch “Sinterklaas" into the "Santa Claus" that we know today.
As in parts of Europe, St. Nicholas / Santa Claus merged into Christmas and, following the publication of Clement Moore's famous poem, The Night Before Christmas, his fame began to grow in the U.S.
St. Nicholas Arriving in Amsterdam in 1967
St. Nicholas Day Today
Today the Feast of St. Nicholas continues to be celebrated in various parts of the world and, upon waking up on December 6th, children in many parts of the world find candy and other little treats or gifts left in their shoes or stockings by the good saint as he made his rounds during the night.
In many other parts of the world he has been transformed into a U.S. style Santa Claus and will not make his way around the world leaving gifts for children until Christmas Eve.
Regardless of when and how St. Nicholas makes his annual gift giving trip, his visit will be eagerly anticipated by children and the gifts he brings will add to the festivities of the season.
There Has Always Been a Commercial Aspect to the Celebration of Christmas
There are those who complain about the "commercialization" of the Christmas season and the commercialism can detract from the holiday's religious roots..
However, we must remember that Christmas has always been more than just a religious holiday. Today it is more secular than in the past, but it has always been celebrated with gifts and other festivities. And, it should be remembered that the message of peace, brotherhood and good will which is central to the Christmas season is a message everyone can appreciate.
As to commercialization, we must also remember that St. Nicholas came from a wealthy family and did not hesitate to use his wealth to purchase the things he gave to those in distress. For the past seventeen centuries, parents have honored him by buying gifts on his feast or on Christmas and secretly giving them to their children as gifts from St. Nicholas.
So the season has always had its commercial aspects. After all, St. Nicholas is the patron saint of both the children who are the focus of much of the gift giving as well as the merchants who sell the gifts.
City of Myra - Home of St. Nicholas
Location of city of Myra, birthplace of St. Nicholas, in modern Turkey
Click the Links Below for More About St. Nicholas & St. Nicholas Day
- St Nicholas and the Two Thieves
Even after his death, St. Nicholas continued to watch over and help his flock on earth. This is a story about how the good saint steered two young thieves away from a life of crime. Because of this act, St....
- How to Celebrate St. Nicholas Day
Children love surprises and love Christmas. One tradition that is fun to celebrate with young children is St. Nicholas Day. St. Nicholas was the forerunner of Santa Claus and, like Santa Claus, secretly...
- St Nicholas and the Merchant's Daughters
St. Nicholas, who morphed into Santa Claus, was a real historical figure but much of what is known about his is mainly legend. St. Nicholas was a famous bishop in the early days of Christianity and he was...
- St Nicholas - Patron Saint of Many
As December approaches each year, the name St. Nicholas is encountered with increasing frequency. This is understandable given the Saint's close association with Christmas which falls in December. The...
- Father Christmas and His Assistant Père Fouettard
Saint Nicholas Day is December 6th. In many parts of the world this day is celebrated with St. Nicholas visiting cities and homes where he distributes gifts to children. This tradition goes back to the Middle...
© 2006 Chuck Nugent
More by this Author
When Pere Noel, as St. Nicholas is known as in France, visits France each Christmas he is often accompanied by a ruffian like character named Pere Fouettard. While Pere Noel rewards good little children with treats,...
It may seem strange for criminals to have a patron saint as people who engage in crime are sinners. However, Christianity is about redemption and, as the patron saint of thieves, St. Nicholas works and tries to turn...
- EDITOR'S CHOICE234
With so many Americans traveling and working abroad to say nothing of meeting people via the Internet, it is not surprising that many are finding love and marrying someone from abroad. Here is how to legally bring your...