Teachers’ Day, the 5th September:
Teachers’ Day, the 5th September:
Teachers’ Day in India:
In India teachers were respected since the inspection of teaching when the teachers were called ‘Guru’ and now this term have transformed into ‘Sir’ or ‘Madam’ but the role of teachers has remained the same. Teachers were continued a guiding torch in the society and will remain so in the future too. To-day, the 5th September, the teachers’ day in India, the day is celebrated in different way to express the gratitude towards teachers in India. The observance of the day is a tribute to the dedication and devotion of the teachers all year long just to build up in education a child in India. The teachers are the backbone of the nation as they are acting as foundation for creating responsible citizens and good human beings.
The Origin of Teachers’ Day in India:
It was due the sacrifice and dedication of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the first Vice-President and the second President of India, who was an ardent supporter of mass education and one of the greatest scholars and teachers of all times. Students, friends and teachers asked him for his permission to celebrate his birthday; he was agreed to do so on the condition that the day would be observed as Teachers’ day instead of his birthday, to honor the efforts of teachers across the country, the teachers who had made our life much more knowledgeable and serving as our beacons of light.
Henceforth, India has been celebrating Teachers’ Day on 5th September, since 1962.
The Occasion of Celebration:
The day was observed by the Indians in the schools, in different centers of importance by the performance of lectures, dramas, dance performances, sports, songs and various other programs to entertain their teachers. The specialty of the day is that students of senior classes dress up like teachers and make a show of enjoyment. It was a day of performance to provide for a healthy interaction between teachers and students as well and exchange gifts. Apart from honoring all the teachers, the Indians remember the birthday of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, a philosopher, a teacher par excellence, a great educationist, who contributed the best towards Indian education system, who believed that “teachers should be the best minds in the country”.
World Teacher’s Day:
The importance of teachers has been recognized by UNESCO because of their contribution in building a child to be a good citizen of the nation and thereby to uplift the community in general. The 5th October is celebrated with great verve and enthusiasm across the world in more than hundred countries as World Teacher’s Day every year since the last 40 years.
However, in different country teacher’s day was celebrated at different dates at the desire of the nation. In Australia, last Friday of October is celebrated as teacher’s day. Thus teacher’s day celebration occurs - 2nd May at Bhutan, 15th October at Brazil, 5th October at Canada, and 10th September at China and so on. In the United States teachers day is celebrated throughout a week which takes place in the first full week of May. Even in war torn country Afghanistan teacher’s day was observed by the initiative of the west against the normal culture of the Afghanistan. The people of Afghanistan are Muslims and Islam is their religion, the religion does not permit mix gathering of boys and girls, men and women as is happened in the celebration of teacher’s day.
Strike and Violence on Teachers’ Day:
The tragic part of the teachers’ day celebration is that in few places of the country across India, the day was marked as the day of protest. The most honored and respected class of teachers of IIT faculty members went on a hunger strike and teachers in Lucknow and Ranchi hit the streets demanding better wages on the last teachers’ day 5th September, 2009.
The violence is also seen in other countries in the teachers’ day. It is found in developed country like Australia, U.K. US. Canada and also in other less develop country like South Africa. In July 2009, in Australia, the education Minister of the state of Queensland said that “the rising levels of violence in schools were "totally unacceptable" and admitted that not enough had been done to combat violent behavior. 55,000 students had been suspended in the state's schools in 2008”. In that year 175 violent attacks against students or staff were recorded. In U.K. Teachers’ union released a survey report that showed a good number of teachers had been faced with physical violence by student. In U.S. the National Center for Education had recognized that “school violence is a serious problem”. It is reported that 5.9% of student carried a weapon (e.g. gun, knife, etc.)
Reasons behind Student Violence:
There are many reasons for student violence. The home environment is thought to be the major contributor to school violence. The long-term exposure to parental alcoholism, domestic violence, physical abuse of the child, child sexual abuse, and exposure to knife and gun violence teaches children that violent activities are the acceptable part of social activity. Besides these the exposure to television violence, violent video games are also to a lesser extent contributing in relation to increased aggressiveness in children, which in turn, in few cases carried over to school. But above all the bond of love between students and teachers like that of children and parents is definitely diminished to some extent in the e-governance world. It requires all out efforts to minimize the abuse.
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