"Black American Frontier" The Exodusters"
"Black Frontier" The Exodusters"
"Black frontier" The Exodusters"
Black frontiers is about black men and women in old west history,according to the author Lillian Schlissel:
Men and women who had been slaves read in the bible about the ancient Israelites who were brought out of bondage and delivered into freedom. Benjamin Singleton, born a slave in Tenneessee, was determined that he would bring his people to free soil if it was the last thing he ever did. after the Civil War,Singleton visited Kansas and over a period of years, he and his friends managed to buy part of a Cherokee reservation.
In 1877 they advertised for homesteaders to start an all black community there. They hoped to attract two hundred families. Fliers promised that settlers who paid one dollar Installments of 25 cents at a time or other wise, as may be desired could be part of the new community. By 1879 and exodus of black families, out of the Old South began, and before long there were eight hundred homesteaders; in the kansas communities of Dunlap and Nicodemus.
Benjamin Singleton said, My people that carried to Kansas came on our own resources. We have tried to make a people of ourselves.... They were known as the Exodusters. Farmers in Nicodemus owned only three horses. One man plowed with a milk cow, and others broke ground with shovels and spades. White farmers saw how hard their new neighbors worked and lent the new settlers a team of oxen and a plow.
Black farmers planted their first crops and in time the prospered. By the turn of the century there were about eight thousand black homesteaders in Nicodemus and Dunlap. Some black settlers moved farther west to Nebraska and Oklahoma where they built three new black communities - Taft, langston, and Boley. George Washinton Bush went all the way to Oregon Territory, where he introduced the first mower and reaper;into the area around Puget Sound.
Of all the black communities, however Nicodemus and Dunlap remained the most famous. Each year they celebrated the Fourth of July, and they had their own special holiday Emancipation Day. On July 31 and August 1, a square mile of land was set aside as a carnival fairground. There were boxing matches and baseball games. In 1907 the town formed one of the nation's first black baseball teams --- the Nicodemus Blues. The Blues played black teams far away as Texas, Nevada, and Louisiana.
Satchell Paige, one of the greatest black pitchers in America baseball history, played ball in Nicodemus. In 1976 Nicodemus was designated a National Historic Landmark. The towns history is being recorded and buildings restored. it marks the proud legacy of black homesteaders in America.
Benny Faye Douglass
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