Cyberstalking  Royaltyfree Royaltyfree

Defining and Characterizing Cyberstalking

Cyberstalking taken from the use of the Internet or electronic means to stalk someone) It has been defined as the use of information and communications technology, particularly the Internet, by an individual or group of individuals, to harass another individual, group of individuals, or organization. The behavior includes false accusations, monitoring, the transmission of threats, identity theft, damage to data or equipment, the solicitation of minors for sexual purposes, and gathering information for harassment purposes. The harassment must be such that a reasonable person, in possession of the same information, would regard it as sufficient to cause another reasonable person distress.

You work hard as a person very conscientious, a good person, obey the laws, want the best for your family. You are not malicious, or have any ill intentions and suddenly you begin to receive harassing e-mails, phone calls, mail, suddenly you begin to realize that this stranger entered your household and began to violate it.

These unwelcome visitors are called Cyberstalkers, they are not anything different then the stalkers in the real World. They pedophiles, persons with grudges, ex-boyfriends, ex-girlfriends,criminals, young, old, single,married, black, white, short, tall. Unfortunately many Internet users believe they cannot be identified or found on the Internet,

CyberAngels has written about how to identify cyberstalking as it is a growing epidemic on-line. The following can be characterized as a true stalking situation: premeditation, repetition, malice, distress, obsession, vendetta, no legitimate purpose, purposely directed, disregarded warnings to stop, harassment and threats.

There are a number of factors that have been characterized and identified as Cyberstalking:

False Victimization: The cyberstalker will claim that the victim has been harassing him/her

Encouraging others to harass: Many cyberstalkers try to involve third parties, to harass and taunt the victim. They may claim the victim has harmed his/her family in some way, or may post the victims;s name, telephone number, residence, in order to encourage others to join the pursuit.

Attempts to gather information about the victim: Cyberstalkers may approach friends, family, colleagues , the Internet to gather information. They may advertise for information on the Internet, they will monitor there victims activities on the Internet and attempt to trace there IP addresses in an effort to gather more information about the victim.

False Accusations: Many Cyberstalkers try to damage the credibility and reputation of their victims by trying to turn others against them. posting false information on other websites. They post allegations about the victim to newsgroups, chat rooms, blogs, or other sites that allow public information.

Attacks personal computer: Cyberstalkers try to send malicious e-mails that contain viruses.

Arranging to meet: Children and teenagers face a greater risk of cyberstalking to try and set up meetings between them.


CyberStalkers Behaviors

Cybertstalkers tend to meet there victims on-line by using search engines, forums, chat rooms, discussion boards, and online communities such as My Space, Face book, Friendster, and other known websites where people congregate or comment about themselves. They may choose to engage via-email, or forums, chat rooms, or discussion boards and they may get involved with forums or engaged with direct harassment just to harass their victim. Many may know they are being stalked while others do not, Cyberstalkers may research there victims information and aid in feeding there obsession and curiosity. The act of CyberStalkers may become more intense, by repeatedly harassing their victims so that they know that they are watching.

A common behavior for a Cyberstalker is posting deragotory or defamatory statements about their victim, trying to initiate contact. In some cased they have been known to create fake blogs in the victims name to promote pornography and containing defamatory comments.

When a Cyberstalker is prosecuted, many unsuccessfully attempt to justify there behavior based on there usage of a public forum. Once they get a reaction they will attempt to continue to track there victims activity on the Internet.

Some Cyberstalkers will begin to physically stalk there victims and they may experience abusive or excessive phone calls, threatening e-mails, obscene mail, trespassing or physical assault. Some will use other e-mail addresses and names and many physical stalkers will also use Cyberstalking as a method to taunt and harass there victims.

Preventative Guidelines

There are preventive measures that you can do to protect yourself from being a victim. Do not provide telephone numbers. email addresses, names, addresses, income, marital status or passwords to anyone over the Internet.

Do no create an online biography, even though they are nice to have a stalker will use this information to gather information. Remember they are sick and do not believe they are doing anything wrong to the victim.

Being Stalked: If you believe you are being stalked do not use a physical address get a P.O. Box.

Telephone number should be unpublished as this will protect you from being victimized verbally by your stalker.

Change your password frequently using a combination of letters and numbers.

Use an ambiguous user name a word that does not give reference to your location, interests, gender or location.

Have You Ever Been Stalked ?

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If You Are Being Stalked

Well you have done everything you need to do and you have found out that you are being stalked here are the measures that should be taken.

Save all of your messages from your stalker, place them in a safe place , make copies if you have to.

Record all date and times the stalker has contacted you, on many blog sites you can check analytics, and statistics do not become alarmed!

Contact your local Police Department and file a report , provide all information pertaining to the harassment of your stalker, remember you are the victim and your stalker is not thinking about what you are feeling, thinking or doing, he is only going after his prey.


Who Stalked You

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Did You Report The Crime

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Comments 73 comments

Am I dead, yet? 7 years ago

the irony! in my 'digital crimes' course we were just discussing the severity of computer/cyber stalking. Your hub is definitely on point!

LAmatadora 7 years ago

Hey this is a good one girl!!! You tell em!!!

Purple Perl profile image

Purple Perl 7 years ago from Bangalore,India

Excellent info,AEvans. Being aware is necessary.

goldentoad profile image

goldentoad 7 years ago from Free and running....

What if you are married to your cyberstalker?

Feline Prophet profile image

Feline Prophet 7 years ago from India

Cyberstalkers - you have to wonder at how pointless their lives are - don't they have anything better to do?

Hey AE, long time, no see! :)

LAmatadora 7 years ago

ha ha ha ha ha (GT)Thats funny but sad who spends all day stalking another must have no life of their own.


Christoph Reilly profile image

Christoph Reilly 7 years ago from St. Louis

What if you're cyberstalking yourself?

LAmatadora 7 years ago

Cristoph I think that's called multiple personalities and there's meds for that!~LOL

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Am I dead yet: I wrote it with a purpose and for all to be informed.:)

LaMatadora: I knew you would appreciate .:)

Purple Perl: It certainly is and many live in fear, which is unfortunate. :)

GT: I don't know if there is a law covering that. lololo but where I am they certainly take stalking seriously. :)

Feline: They have a mental illness and are normally unaware of the punishment and live in denial. :)

Lamatadora: It is sad but none of us should tolerate it. :)

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Christoph: Now that would be interesting can you ad lib? lololo

bill komissaroff profile image

bill komissaroff 7 years ago from Portland O

Good stuff...thanks.

Mighty Mom profile image

Mighty Mom 7 years ago from Where Left is Right, CA

It's gotta be a very creepy feeling. Thanks for this informative article, AEvans. With the amount of time we all spend online, it's good to be prepared.

I think the closest I have come is harassing emails from my ex. I ended up blocking his email address. This infuriated him, but for me it was better not to see the email in my inbox. If I see it I am going to want to read it. And respond to it. Sick, I know. It's better not to engage the cyberbullie of the world!! MM

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

bill: Thank you for the comment.

MM: I agree with you wholeheartedly blocking e-mails is the best thing. Never engage. :)

VioletSun profile image

VioletSun 7 years ago from Oregon/ Name: Marie

I wonder if stalkers really get charged by the authorities; a friend of mine whom I met online in the late 90's, was stalked by a female computer geek who accessed her bank account, infected her computer with a virus, and simply harassed her. Turns out they met in a spiritual forum we all posted in (of all places), chatted by email, and the woman became enraged when my friend wanted to cut off the connection with her. The police got involved, but don't know if the lady was charged.

Informative hub and good tips on changing passwords often- I do this from time to time.

bgpappa profile image

bgpappa 7 years ago from Sacramento, California

This is a serious problem and the police don't know how to handle this yet. thanks for the informative hub.

Curious Traveller profile image

Curious Traveller 7 years ago from United Kingdom

I can understand why this would be a very frightening concept for some people and extremely dangerous for such as young children. It emphasises the need for such as strong parental controls on Internet usage and perhaps greater policing of Social Networking sites by site staff.

As one who now works exclusively online (male), I unfortunately have no alternative but to disclose certain information at times in what may be construed as a very public fashion, but I hope I am big enough to handle the threats subsequently posed! :)

Very informative and useful Hub and I hope that particularly parents of teenagers reading this force their teenagers to do likewise.

Vladimir Uhri profile image

Vladimir Uhri 7 years ago from HubPages, FB

Thanks for valuable information. I am not surprise, future is black in this mater, but I am fear free. Thanks again.

C. C. Riter 7 years ago


Mrvoodoo profile image

Mrvoodoo 7 years ago from ?

Very informative and interesting hub, thanks for sharing.

perhaps you could add a few more poll questions to really open it up such as:  If you have been stalked are you: male/female? and have you ever stalked anybody yourself?  I know I have! :) lol

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

VioletSun: In the state where I reside and in multiple states cyberstalkers have been charged and been inprisoned, it varies from state to state so they are going to prison

Bgpappa: Depending on the state there are units that are trained to handle the issue. :)

Curious: Children are a primary target as pedophiles and criminals are continually trying to lure children and teenagers and your point is quite valid , parents do need to monitor there children.

Vladimir: You are so welcome...

Mrvoodoo: I will add poll questions and stalking isn't nice , but I realize that you are not being serious. :)

Mrvoodoo profile image

Mrvoodoo 7 years ago from ?

Actually I was being half-serious, I certainly remember going out of my way to be in places where I knew an ex of mine would likely be after a nasty break-up years ago. I meant no harm by it, and actually think that sort of thing is pretty common, so I guess there are different levels of stalking. Not that I'm condoning it mind!

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Mrvoodoo: I know I saw the lolo you are right there are different levels of stalking and I am familiar with it so I certainly understand what you are saying no worries. :)

Whikat 7 years ago

Great infor A.E. Are you still being stalked by your unwelcome visitiors? Wow, I am sorry to hear that B.C has been cyberstalked. Being Cyberstalked is so creepy to even think about, but I am glad that you gave us some very useful information A.E. Thanks.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

badcompany99: That is horrible as we all can see there are all kinds of stalkers female included. Collect it all as prosecution always lingers in the rafters. :)

Whikat: It is creepy however they don't seem to believe that they are stalking as they do not realize they are sick. They are always in denial or are obsessed, which is disgusting I certainly would not want that mental illness. :(

Isabellas profile image

Isabellas 7 years ago from Ohio

Very informative! I never even knew that this crime existed, but I guess it would make sense since people are always trying to commit more and more crimes to harm people.

badcompany99 7 years ago

Thing is you get friendly with someone, give your first name, then the town you live, throw in over time you have a daughter or what school you went to. Many people on hubpages actually are signed on under their real names. The cyberstalker is like a magpie they gather every little crumb, trust me I know and read this hub not once but twice and be careful who you trust. Not trying to scare you but there are creepy people in this world, just be careful ok !

cobraski profile image

cobraski 7 years ago from Maryland

Great information. The internet is a wonderful thing to enjoy when used to bring us all closer togather. We can get lost in cyberspace enjoying the meeting of new friends online to the point we forget that bad people exist in cyberspace also. You are doing a good thing reminding everyone and keeping their attention on this cyber problem. Great job my hub fan.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Isabellas: It does happen and I am glad that I shed insight on the situation. :)

BadCompany: Yes there are creepy people I truly know about that , those are the ones that need counseling for there sickness.:)

cobraski: Thanks bunches as people do need to be reminded. :)

cindyvine profile image

cindyvine 7 years ago from Cape Town

Hey AE, is this still happening? Thought Nancy Drew had dealt with it lol. Hey, haven't seen you around for ages, well, not on any of my latest hubs!

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Cindy: Nancy Drew is still on the case lololo, I have been in and out of here I have seen all of you, but I guess somewhere we were missing each other. No worries I am here as you can see the hubs are growing.lolololo :D

Triplet Mom profile image

Triplet Mom 7 years ago from West Coast

Sad that this has to be written but very good information that everyone should be aware of.

Paper Moon profile image

Paper Moon 7 years ago from In the clouds

I had an honest to god Non-Cyber stalker once. He was a technophobe. To make a long story short, we moved out of state in one week. He ended up harming several people who offended his technophobia over the next year or so. Stalkers of any type can be frightening to say the least.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Paper Moon: That is sad, thank God you moved and they are sick individuals (mentally) .:(

thelesleyshow profile image

thelesleyshow 7 years ago from US

I had an ex BF from HS (11 years ago) stalk me online. He searched and searched and found my brother on myspace. My brother accepted him as a friend and he found me on my brother's page. He sent me a horrible message saying things I won't repeat on here. It didn't stop there, he showed up at our HS reunion (he did not attend our HS) and waited for me there so he could give me another piece of his mind....I didn't go that night, thank God because what a looney toons. I didn't think our breakup was all that bad but apparently it stuck with him for over a decade. It was crazy. I blocked him on myspace and so did my family and friends but who knows..... he could still be looking for me?

I think this is a great hub! It really hits home with me. Thumbs up!

tony0724 profile image

tony0724 7 years ago from san diego calif

Its a shame you cannot find a safe place anywhere anymore .And the sick people who harass the children especially . I hope that woman who made that kid commit suicide gets the full on jail sentence . Good hub AE .

LAmatadora 7 years ago

I agree with Tony on that..let her rot. But you know she will get hers while she is behind the walls..

cindyvine profile image

cindyvine 7 years ago from Cape Town

Hey AE, you need to fill me in on the latest details! Thought we had destroyed him!

G-Ma Johnson profile image

G-Ma Johnson 7 years ago from NW in the land of the Free

Oh dear so I should remove photos from FB? I change my password often and quit a lot of the things on FB, just too much there for me.gonna go take a look...Thanks this was a great hub my dear..helpfull to me...G-Ma :O) Hugs

TheSandman 7 years ago

luckily I have not ever been cyber stalked and I think anyone who would do such a thing should be tied to gigabytes and blasted into a virus and locked into an endless loop forever

Iphigenia 7 years ago

Never been cyber stalked - and I wasn't aware of how big a problem it can be. thanks for educating me !

sixtyorso profile image

sixtyorso 7 years ago from South Africa

Very topical, unfortunately a curse of the connected world and social networking. See my Topic on Hubbers hangout forum where hubpages contacts are used for trying to collect mail addresses to use for spamming which is often the beginning of stalking.

Great hub but of course we all do some gentle cyberstalking on hubpages but one has to be careful not to cross the line.  

Choke Frantic profile image

Choke Frantic 7 years ago from Newcastle, Australia

What you describe is mainly cyberbullying, but good hub. People need to be aware of these things so they don't find themselves in a similar situation.

DynamicS profile image

DynamicS 7 years ago from Toronto, Canada

Thanks AEvans, yet again, you have informed and educate with this hub. The world can be a scary place. Cyberspace has opened up a world of new challenges for crime prevention/detection...

Google Biz Kit 7 years ago

really good points here, i dont think as many people take this as seriously as they should more of the focus is on identity theft then these issues

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

TripletMom: It is sad but all of us always need to be aware and some are not aware at all, I am certainly happy that I could shed light on the topic.

TheLesley: That is a bad experience and thank God you did not go, but what a way to take something exciting away from you. It is sad when people act in the way they do. I believe it is a chemical imbalance in the brain, or something is not clicking. A normal person would not do such a thing. I am certainly happy that you are o.k.

tony0724: People are being prosecuted for cyberstalking so the states that many reside are not taking it lightly. Children being stalked is horrific and it makes me sick as well, when the come up missing.

LaMatadora: It isn't always the mother and father I believe it is chemical inbalance as parents do the best they can, or they may have been abused. I will have to research it further and find out what goes on in there mind.

G-Ma: Just be cautious and careful ! :)

Sandman: You have normal thoughts and that is a great thing , some do not and that is a sad thing.

Iphigenia: You are so welcome it is something that is so common that all should be aware of the growing problem.

sixtyorso: You are correct in both parts and many of us wish the ip address would go away.

Choke Frantic: It is Cyberstalking , Cyberbullying has a different terminology but I thank you for your comment and also for taking the time to read it.

DynamicS: You are so welcome and I appreciate that you have read and gained knowledge from it. Education is the key to safety. :)

Google Biz Kit: Both of them should be taken seriously but Cyberstalking can let to more sinister things unfortunately. :(

Christoph Reilly profile image

Christoph Reilly 7 years ago from St. Louis

Hi, AE. I've just come back to add a serious comment. You've really covered the topic thoroughly and, unfortunately, these "cyberstalking" incidents will only increase as computer use continues to rise. Thanks for the guidelines and arming everyone with this info!

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Christoph: You are so welcome and it can and does happen to both men and women it does not leave out sex, race, lifestyles and you are correct it will only continue to rise , so safety first. :)

BDazzler profile image

BDazzler 7 years ago from Gulf Coast, USA


One of the many things I love about you is your ablity and willingness to take the negatives of your own experinces, be honest and transparent about them, so as to help others.

This hub is just one example.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

BDazzler: Apparently it is a gift from God that has been bestowed and we cannot live in fear of the negative. Thank you for the warm comment. :) 7 years ago

Hi AEvan

I just wanted to let you know that I'm sitting overlooking the Swiss mountains and lakes.I know it doesn't fit your stalking hub but hey what the heck I'm in Switzerland :)

Stalk to you soon :)

Oh nice hub by the way.

Benson Yeung profile image

Benson Yeung 7 years ago from Hong Kong

Hi AEvans,

thanks for the info. I learned something today.

Benson Yeung

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

icare3000: How wonderful and enjoy the beauty as I know it has to be a great scenic view. :)

Benson: You are so welcome , it is always nice to learn something new.:)

blondepoet profile image

blondepoet 7 years ago from australia

Hey AE cyberstalking grrrr, makes me wild. I have experienced it once in a severe way, it almost pushed me to a breakdown.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

BP: That isn't good and I am glad that now you are able to talk about it.:)

sixtyorso profile image

sixtyorso 7 years ago from South Africa

There is of course another element to this which the pervasive and persistant marketing that takes place once the unwashed have your email address or cell phone number. To me viral marketing is a form of stalking and just try to opt out and then you are truly bombarded by more spam. I wish we could get rid of this curse!

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

sixtyorso: I wish we could to as it marketing is similiar the only thinkg different is you are not threatened by the marketing company, you are simply overhelmed you never know what changes will come. :)

SweetiePie profile image

SweetiePie 7 years ago from Southern California, USA

I have never been cyberstalked, but one reason I delete any borderline comments from my hubs because I notice it attracts more of the same. I have received some weird comments before intended to make me feel really bad. One man said I had the motor skills of a child, but when I thought about it he was probably just bored.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

SweetiePie: They are out there and you are definitely doing the right thing. :)

Adrianna's Pages 7 years ago

I have had a very bad stalking incident at my place of work that lasted for over a Year. Not online...but up close and personal.

The individual lost his impulse of control and was determined to physically make contact with me. He did. Many months in court and lots of out of pocket $ trying to get rid of this animal.

I am very careful not to give out much personal info, especially online. I knew this person and didn't see it coming. God knows what could happen when you don't.

There was a recent topic on the forum Hubber's Hangout, "C'mon and post your real picture." may seem innocent but I would be too scared to post my pic or my real name. I have no clue where you all are from and someone that lives down the street from me could be on this site. Sounds paranoid, I know, But given my experience I'd say i'm within my rights to protect my identity.

I have communicated with a few of you and you all "seem" okay, but time will tell.

Great info. Glad you wrote about it. The web has many wonderful attributes, but still...

Take Care,


AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Adrianna's pages: I couldn't agree with you more and I wish you all of the best, I certainly can respect your privacy and so many others are also private due to these issues. :)

Jodi Hoeksel profile image

Jodi Hoeksel 7 years ago

This is a very informative hub... Thank you for laying it out.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Jodi: You are so welcome as I have experienced it myself. :)

A.M. Gwynn 7 years ago

badcompany99  says:

"Its a woman who I had a row with on another writing site. Ended up I had to leave the site but she somehow traced my real name.... I also started a website with a forum but she followed me there..... Cyberstalkers do exist, just be careful what info you give out, bit by bit a stalker will collect every bit and store it!"

What a shame. And some of these people probably hold positions in the community they live in, are your neighbors... I'm going to look further into this. Sometimes too, we don't even recognize it as cyberstalking until it has gotten way out of hand. Great Hub AE!

Cyber Lawyer profile image

Cyber Lawyer 6 years ago

Great article. The hard core cyber stalker you are describing here is different from the tit-for-tats going on between numerous internet users every day. But we all need to understand where and when to draw the line, which can be difficult when we "know" that we are right and the other party is wrong. If one does not know when to stop, trying to prove one's point can escalate into a mild form of cyber stalking.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

A.M. Gwynn: I apologize and did not realize there was a comment in the here I agree there are some who could be your neighbors and you would never know about it.

CyberLawyer: I also agree with you and many do not realize they are doing it or believe nothing can be done the internet can be ruthless that is why it is always great to understand your rights and what can be done to protect yourself. Thank you for commenting and stopping by.:)

LS 6 years ago

Hi, Aevans. This is some of the info. I have read, too, among other documents and other research dealing with defamation and libel. It absolutely is awful to have a situation like this, I know.

To Website Examiner/alter ego Cyber Lawyer/1311- I think you should keep in mind that I might begin to think what you are doing almost seems obsessive and may almost construe a 'mild cyberstalking.' At least, your interests seems a little weird. I think I'd serve as my own defense (if I wanted it), as I seem a bit more knowledgeable, frankly, so perhaps you should give your obvious interest a rest?

The rest of our group has moved on and are more interested in other sites, creative writing, artwork and starting businesses. Maybe you should think about moving on, too? No big problem, just ?? I don't get it...I think many feel this way.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

LS: I am glad you understand it is an experience I will not ever forget.

blue dog profile image

blue dog 6 years ago from texas hill country


thanks for this article, great info.

to ls: let it rest. (as in, re-read this hub).

AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

bluedog: Thank you and it will certainly assist anyone, I appreciate that you read it too! :)

Afmlythtwantspece profile image

Afmlythtwantspece 6 years ago from usa

I Thank you AEvans for the info. I would love for you to look back at my page . My attaker has gone on my page and attacked my hub i accepted the comments just so everyone can see what we are going through .It will never end its a shame .Sometimes i wish people would open there eyes and see whats really happening here.If more people would turn to god the world would be a better place, theres way to much hatered.The only thing that scares me is my children i need to protect.I thank you again god bless

AEvans profile image

AEvans 6 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Afmlythwantspece: I will look back at your page and let you know what the next steps are, I will send it to you via e-mail people are sick in the World and if they did know God they would not be horrific and cruel causing pain and grief for God fearing people, we have to remember to love the person but hate the sin. God will always take care of those who harm, lie, decieve and stalk. Just pray for them someone has too! :)

Too Scared to Talk 5 years ago

I once had a HUB pages author tell me that he'd "been looking all over for me" after a very brief interruption in correspondence. HUB pages affords one the ability to see every move a HUB author makes in terms of followers, articles commented on, etc. I think when someone become that much of an interest to you, that IS a form of stalking and it becomes more than whatever the original intent might have been.

AEvans profile image

AEvans 5 years ago from SomeWhere Out There Author

Too Scared To Talk: That is unsettling and I hope you were able to resolve that issue. Why was he looking for you? Was it because he enjoyed your work or other intentions? Other motives are deep concerns.

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