Desert Solitaire by Edward Abbey: A Difficult Man In a Beautiful Wilderness

North Window and visitors at Arches National Park.
North Window and visitors at Arches National Park. | Source

In the introduction to his book Desert Solitaire , Edward Abbey offers a word of caution, warning readers “much of the book will seem course, rude-tempered, violently prejudiced, unconstructive…if the book has virtues they cannot be disentangled from the faults.” Indeed, much of what follows is a difficult pill to swallow. Abbey does not sugarcoat his idealistic conviction for the sensitivities of his readers. He is unabashed in his absolute claim that nature, and the desert in particular, ought to be left untouched and free from the intrusions of tourists and technology.

Despite the peevish tone of the book and the scathing critique of the lifestyle of many of his would-be readers, there is a beauty that shines through in his unapologetic recounting of a time spent virtually alone in Arches National Park. One does not have to agree with all of Abbey’s words to appreciate the book’s beauty, just as one need not agree with Abbey’s assertions regarding how we ought to care for our open spaces to agree that care must be taken to preserve them. Desert Solitaire’s triumph, then, is in the ability Abbey has not to win converts to his own philosophy on nature, but to induce all readers to reevaluate their own notions on how we care for our national treasures, the landmarks and undeveloped land that make up the National Parks.

Limestone caves, Arches National Park.
Limestone caves, Arches National Park. | Source

No Cars or Wheelchairs Allowed!

Abbey, in his quest to preserve the National Parks, makes a case for complete inaccessibility. He proposes the eradication of roads into the park, suggesting that visitors ought to travel only on foot, by mule, or on horseback. Particularly shocking is his opposition to elderly tourists, whom he feels should not be visiting these spaces if they cannot get around without the aid of modern conveniences like wheelchairs or walking paths.

Abbey's solution to the destruction of wild spaces is to leave them so remote that one would have to be an experienced outdoorsman to visit, thus eliminating the constant stream of tourism that both hurts the ecosystem as well as lessens the impact of truly experiencing nature as it was intended. This viewpoint can easily be construed as offensive, after all, aren’t we supposed to honor the elderly, respect the differences of the handicapped? It seems unfair to discriminate against the less-physically fit, the disabled, or even those among us who may be able-bodied but lack the necessary skills or ability to survive in harsh environments.

Day moon at Arches
Day moon at Arches | Source

Disneyland Meets the Wild West

Aside from Abbey’s lack of concern about offending readers, he does make an interesting point on the increasing commercialization of the wilderness. In our society, with its emphasis on convenience and efficiency, the National Parks are becoming something of a one-stop-shopping venture. The more beautiful a vista, the more stunning a rock formation, the more people want to visit it. And for these people, often with a small amount of time allotted in which to experience as much of the landscape as they can, it is indeed much simpler to drive into an easily accessible locale, snap a few photos, and move on to the next stunning landmark.

If care is not taken, if some discretion is not exercised, the National Parks run the risk of becoming little more than a vast network of roadways and parking lots connecting one landmark to the next. Though convenient, this Disney-land meets Wild West ambiance often destroys the sense of nature and wilderness that so many visitors have come for in the first place. Even for those who disagree with Abbey’s proposal to eliminate all roads into the Parks, it must be conceded that at some point accessibility must be balanced with limitations on development or there will be no open spaces left to enjoy.

Abbey urges park visitors to pay attention to the small things too.
Abbey urges park visitors to pay attention to the small things too. | Source
The view just outside of the park borders.
The view just outside of the park borders. | Source

Hypocracy and Selfishness

Abbey reads as a bit hypocritical in some ways. His love of the desert and joy at experiencing nature is combined with an often inconsiderate attitude and a selfish desire to keep others away. He rails against tourists, their visitor’s centers, Coke machines and cameras, then throws a tire down a canyon and carves his name into a tree. It leaves a reader with a bit of a confused feeling, not to mention a bad taste in the mouth…How can such an advocate of nature preservation willingly commit acts of littering, and then castigate other tourists not just for litter and destruction of the natural area, but the simple desire to see and experience these areas just as he has desired to do so?

While it is inarguably selfish to want to have the beauty of nature all to oneself, at the same time this selfishness is not necessarily a bad thing. It is a part of the wonder of nature to have the experience of total isolation in the wilderness, to feel protective of a land that one has reached a feeling of kinship or communion with. When natural spaces become so overcrowded that we no longer have an opportunity to be alone in them, there is a vital element that is lost even as the land itself is preserved.

What Abbey is speaking of is not just land preservation, but preservation of our human relationship to that land. He states in the end of his introduction “This is not a travel guide but an elegy.” It is an elegy not only to the land that is rapidly disappearing, but of the personal connection that develops through uninterrupted appreciation of it. Perhaps Abbey's acts of vandalism were, as he says, “unconstructive,” yet this is simply another one of the human faults that come along with the book’s overall virtue, an expression of the natural desire to appreciate nature through solitude. What is, on the one hand selfish, is also a deeply rooted, almost primitive desire, and not something that can be steamrolled away in the name of progress.

Are roads ruining the natural beauty of National Parks?
Are roads ruining the natural beauty of National Parks? | Source

The Problem Still Exists if the Solution is Wrong

While Abbey as a narrator can be difficult to like, the saving grace of the book is that he is at least honest about his feelings, opinions, and shortcomings. The story is about Abbey and his experience, yet he remains humble, seeking only to glorify and further an understanding of nature, not himself. The natural world that Abbey presents to his readers is not exaggerated or embellished, but presented in a manner that celebrates the land, natural processes, and the cycles of life in all their harshness, cruelty, and splendor.

Whether we like Abbey the man or hate him is immaterial, the main concern is that we are given an opportunity to see the landscape through his eyes, with a sense of respect, awe, and even reverence. Though we may disagree with him on some points, his views remain instrumental in challenging our notions of what it means to preserve these places, and what our own relationship is to nature and the wild.

“There is a way of being wrong,” writes Abbey, “which is also sometimes necessarily right.” Perhaps his proposals are the wrong solution, unfeasible in our current day and age, but by presenting them he is guiding us towards a way of managing the land that will not erase all the vestiges of the solitude of nature. If we are lucky, generations from now, despite a thriving business of park tourism, one will still be able to go out and lose him or herself in a quiet game of “desert solitaire.”

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Balanced Rock, Arches National Park
Balanced Rock, Arches National Park | Source

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Comments 4 comments

ahorseback profile image

ahorseback 6 years ago

Hi Anaya ; great info, Abbey cetainly was a rebel wasn't he , and in some ways he was right, There are many ways to allow access to all the parks , Propane Tour Buss' only on the interior roads like at Zion park, , etc. We do have to preserve the future of parks , there is a movement towards Hiking only, primitive camping only too. No horses, no motorized vehicles in Nat, forests. Who knows where it leads. We can't dissallow elderly people or discriminate against anyone today. One thing that bugs me is the whole B L M thing using the resourses , ie; foests and minerals , overgrazing by livestock. It is a very complicated problem. Interesting hub ! I vote it up.


Availiasvision profile image

Availiasvision 3 years ago from California

I may not be as extreme as Abbey, but he brings up some interesting points. What is the purpose of our National Parks? To protect them or make them accessible? Eventually, the two cannot meet. By making them overly accessible, they cannot be fully protected.

I was just considering how fake Yosemite is getting. Most pathways in the valley are paved and all outdoor activities are greatly restricted, regulated, and require permits. It drives me crazy! Generally, I choose to backpack and wander through state and federal forest land as well as BLM property because they tend to be less regulated and provide more solitude. But still, it is very difficult to find any wild lands where you can camp and build fires freely.

The problem is that there seems to be a growing population of people with an utter disrespect for nature, a total lack of outdoor skills, who consider camping something that happens in an air conditioned RV. I'm not sure most 15 year old boys could light a fire or navigate a straight line with a compass. Parks now feel the need to both protect the consumer and protect itself from the consumer. They feel the need to regulate out of fear for being sued for someone falling off a cliff or catching the forest on fire.

So you have all of these unprepared people wandering around our parks getting lost, littering, disrupting wildlife, not properly and safely building and putting out fires, not treading lightly, camping too close to water sources, and thinking a chopper will save them if they stub a toe.

Witnessing the beauty of a our national parks should be a privileged and not a right. What do they want, an elevator up half dome?

Great hub. Voted up!


Milly 23 months ago

An inletligent answer - no BS - which makes a pleasant change


Emmly 23 months ago

Now we know who the sebnlsie one is here. Great post!

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