Every Word Tells a Story 7 - God, Gold and Gobbledygook

The G Word


In our journey to find stories associated with words, dear reader, we come to the 7th letter of the alphabet, G.

The letter has many sounds in different languages. There is the ‘soft’ g of gypsy and giant to the hard ‘g’ of game, gamut and gargoyle in English. In French it takes an even softer sound as in rouge and beige. In some Spanish dialects it takes on the ‘h’ as in Cartagena.


When commencing my quest to find stories around words beginning with G - two words sprung to my mind immediately. One is the word that denotes an omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent construct that is all pervading. But that’s enough about Google, let’s talk about the other word that is God.

The Creation of Adam- Michelangelo
The Creation of Adam- Michelangelo

God


The overseer and creator of the very Universe we live in (and many more?), God is the English name of the deity billions believe in, across all religions. In monotheistic religions God is a sole entity while in polytheistic constructs, one of many.


It is hard to know where the word God originated from. The immediate predecessor of the English word is the Germanic – ghu-tom that has its origins in the Indo-European –ghaue. The root -ghaue means to call or to invoke, so ultimately the word God could mean – that which can be called upon or invoked.



Yahweh
Yahweh
Yud
Yud

The Many names of God


There are many names for God. The equivalent of the English version is Deus in Latin, Theos in Greek, Deva or Ishvara in Hinduism and Allah in Islam. Polytheistic religions may give proper names to various Gods with their own characteristics and idiosyncrasies.


In its original Hebrew versions the Bible gave God a proper name, the tetragrammaton Yahweh that was spelt YHWH (originally unpronounceable until the later addition of vowel sounds to make it IaHUeH or Yehovah ). In English versions of the Bible this has been simply translated to LORD.


The first letter of this Hebrew name for God Y is the letter Yod or Yud in the Hebrew alphabet. If you join four ‘Y’s in its Hebrew form it represents the symbol of light . Interestingly the letter ‘y’ in the Hebrew alphabet is the foundation for all the letters. Omnipresent or what!


Depending on our belief status in the Supreme Being, we can be classified as the following – which one is you?


Existence of God

Concept
Beleif
 
 
Atheism
God does not exist
Agnosticism
Don’t know whether God exists or Not
Theism
God exists and is omniscient and responds to prayers and constantly interacts with the world
Deism
God exists but does not interact with humanity and is above all the corporeal matters
Non- overlapping Magisteria
Science and Religion co-exist and do not overlap nor attempt to prove existence or non existence
Monotheism
Belief in One God
Pantheism
Belief in many Gods

The Many Depictions of God

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JupiterTrimurtiHorusZeusShivaallahVishnuBuddhaLORDIsisProsperityTrideviVenusMother Goddess
Jupiter
Jupiter
Trimurti
Trimurti
Horus
Horus
Zeus
Zeus
Shiva
Shiva
allah
allah
Vishnu
Vishnu
Buddha
Buddha
LORD
LORD
Isis
Isis
Prosperity
Prosperity
Tridevi
Tridevi
Venus
Venus
Mother Goddess
Mother Goddess

GALAXY


All this talk about God and creation brings me to the subject of the universe and our Galaxy. Did you know that the term Milky Way Galaxy is a kind of redundant phrase? The word Galaxy itself comes from the Greek root for milk.


Observing the milky white appearance rendered by billions of stars packed together, the Greeks also called the cornucopia of constellations milky (‘galaxias’ ) The English term Milky way originates from the Latin ‘lactea’ which also means milky. Anyone who is lactose intolerant will know that lactose is a constituent of milk or any dairy product.

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Milky Way
Milky Way
Milky Way

It was Galileo Galilei who after construnting his telescope properly described the galaxy we live in. The Milky way is over 10 billion years old!


In the centre of the milky way lies a massive black hole called Sagittarius A* - this is nearly 120000 light years across ( a light year is the distance light can travel in a year in vacuum and believe me light can travel very far in a year- around 10 trillion kilometres or 6 trillion miles!) .


It never ceases to amaze me that what we seen in the night sky is but a fraction of all the stars out there in the Universe. The sheer scale and magnitude of the Universe is astounding and makes me feel very, very tiny and very, very grateful.


As I contemplate the night sky, I go through a gamut of emotions. That neatly brings us to this strange word, Gamut.

Gamut


The word means a range or the whole variety. It also represents the full range of notes in Musical terminology. The word originates from musical notes, strangely enough.

Gamut comes from Gamma- ut and used to denote the lowest notes of the musical scale, combining the Greek Gamma with the notation –Ut. You see, the musical scale wasn’t always Do-Re-Mi-Fa-So-La-Ti, but was Ut-Re-Mi-Fa-So-La-Si originally.

A 11th century musical scholar Guido d’Arezzo is attributed to developing the ‘hexachord’ six- scale notation for reading music. Guido wanted a mnemonic to remember the notes and chose the first syllables of a the lines of popular Latin hymn to St. John:

St John
St John

Translation of the Hymn to St John

So that your servants may, with loosened voices, resound the wonders of your deeds, clean the guilt from our stained lips, O Saint John.

Ut queant laxis



Utqueant laxis

resonare fibris,

Mira gestorum

famuli tuorum,

Solve polluti

labii reatum,

SancteIohannes.



Ut was eventually replaced by Do as it had a more open sound and Si was changed to Ti so that each note started with a different letter. So Ut-Re-Mi-Fa-So-La-Si became Do-Re-Mi-Fa-So-La-Ti.


What was originally only applied to the lowest note soon became the name for the whole range of notes and Gamut came to mean what it means today. It has also been expanded for use for a ‘range of colours’ and to mean ‘encompassing a wide variety'.



And who could forget the wonder Julie Andrews singing Do-Re-Mi in the evergreen The Sound of Music. That film is nothing but solid Gold.



Gold
Gold


James Bond (Tied to a device as a laser beam is about to dissect him) : ‘Do you ex(sh)pect me to talk?’

Auric Goldfinger : ‘Oh no Mr Bond, I expect you to die.’

GOLD



Ahh, Gold. The yellow metal gets its name from its colour. The Indo European root –ghel ( the same root from which yellow comes from) gave birth to – ghltom meaning Gold.


These Germanic roots can be traced to variety of Slavic words for Gold including Russian Zoloto, Polish Zloto, Dutch goud and Danish guld. This explains the names of the coins in various European countries : Dutch guilder and Polish Zloty presumably came from their golden origins.


The Romance languages went for the colour red rather than yellow. The dawn red sky inspired Romans to call their gold Aurum, perhaps from the Goddess of Dawn, Aurora. This gave rise to the Italian and Spanish Oro.


The Chemical symbol for gold is Au from Latin Aurum.

If you have seen the James bond film Goldfinger, you may remember that the gold obsessed villain is called Auric Goldfinger.



Notre - Dame
Notre - Dame
Gargoyle
Gargoyle

Notre Dame De Paris

GARGOYLE


Throaty chuckles bring me to words that originates from onomatopoeic imitation of throaty sounds – gargle and gurgle . These come from ancient roots –garg and –gurg . The Latin gargarizare means gargle. The English words gorge and regurgitate also spring from these throaty origins. The Latin word gurgulio came to mean throat or gullet.


The English and French borrowed this root to make words of their own. The English got ‘gurgle’ for a throaty noise and the French got ‘gargouille’ meaning throat.


In ancient French buildings, the spouts to drain rainwater from the roof were carved into elaborate and grotesque sculptures. The water then spouted from the throat of these creatures. Thus arrived ‘Gargoyles’.


The famous Gargoyles on the Notre Dame de Paris are a sight to behold. Even now many Gargoyles survive in rooftops. Silent, shadowy and scary in moonlight.

Gypsy Dancer
Gypsy Dancer
Esmeralda
Esmeralda

GYPSY


Victor Hugo wrote the famous novel, ‘The Hunchback of Notre Dame’ based around the Notre-Dame cathedral. Its protagonist, the deformed Bellringer, Quasimodo lives among the stone gargoyles on the roof of Notre-Dame Cathedral. He falls in love with the beautiful gypsy Esmeralda during the ‘Festival of Fools’ in 15th century Paris.


Although many versions of the tale exist in many media, the original story was a dark gothic novel set in turbulent times and glorifying the architecture of the cathedral where the tale unravels. Hugo’s novel was so popular that it made Parisians realise the value of their historic monuments and they set about renovating the cathedral which had fallen into disrepair in the early 19th century.


The beautiful gypsy Esmeralda may make us consider the word ‘Gypsy’ itself. This has a curious origin. In medieval Europe the nomadic Roma people were believed to have originated from Egypt and were simply called E-Gyptians which soon became Gyptians. By the end of 16th century this had transformed to Gypsy.

Turkey Gobbler
Turkey Gobbler

GOBBLEDYGOOK



Now, don’t think I am talking Gobbledygook. Allegedly this word that means’ pompous and unnecessary verbiage or talking nonsense’ is a relatively new word of the 1940s. It is the invention of Texan Lawyer Maury Maverick, who attributes it to the ‘bearded turkey gobbler that struts pompously about making gobbledy-gobble noises.


Allegedly there is another, more lascivious slang ' Gobble the goo' that used to exist in America ( and may still do) but I won't go into that.

Googol
Googol

Google


We started with the omniscient and omnipresent construct of God. Perhaps now we can consider the origin of the name Google.


Back in 1930s American mathematician Edward Kasner wanted a name for a ridiculously large number 10 to the power of 100 or one followed by 100 zeroes. Lacking inspiration, he allegedly turned to his nine year old nephew Milton Serotta to give him a name for this number. Milton promptly came up with Googol.


To this day, Googol is the name given to this number. The founding fathers of Google wanted to illustrate their aspirations for the number of searches their engine can deliver. So they went with the mis-spelt name, Google.

Peanuts : Charles Schulz
Peanuts : Charles Schulz

The Google Doodle Quiz

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Google Doodle 1Google Doodle 2Google Doodle 3Google Doodle 4Google Doodle 5Google Doodle 6Google Doodle 7Google Doodle 8Google Doodle 9Google Doodle 10
Google Doodle 1
Google Doodle 1
Google Doodle 2
Google Doodle 2
Google Doodle 3
Google Doodle 3
Google Doodle 4
Google Doodle 4
Google Doodle 5
Google Doodle 5
Google Doodle 6
Google Doodle 6
Google Doodle 7
Google Doodle 7
Google Doodle 8
Google Doodle 8
Google Doodle 9
Google Doodle 9
Google Doodle 10
Google Doodle 10

Take the Google Logo Quiz

GOODBYE


So long, Farewell, Auf wiedersehn, Goodbye!


Sorry, the Sound of Music Bug is upon me. Thanks for coming along for the 'G' ride and hope you enjoyed the read. I wouldn't sully my page any further with mentions about 'G' men, 'G' spots and 'G' strings although I'd like to!


Oh by the way did you know where Goodbye come from?


The 'Good' in goodbye is actually 'God'. In the 18th century 'God be with you ' was a popular farewell phrase. William Shakespeare has ' God be wy you ' and 'God buy ye ' which by the 18th century became contracted to Goodbye.


See you soon with Aitch. Yes 'H' is 'Aitch' and not 'Haitch'. Remember.

Bless you!


Norman Rockwell
Norman Rockwell
Jack son Pollock
Jack son Pollock

© 2011 Mohan Kumar

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Comments 15 comments

Feline Prophet profile image

Feline Prophet 5 years ago from India

Very interesting, as usual! You are almost as resourceful as Google! :)


Sunnie Day 5 years ago

Good Morning my Friend,

Oh how I love your hubs..they are like going on a great vacation,sightseeing..so much to look at and a lot to take in, and enjoying every minute..Thanks so much..UP and Awesome!

God Bless,

Sunnie


toknowinfo profile image

toknowinfo 5 years ago

You are a wonderful and interesting writer. Thanks for such a great hub. Rated up and beautiful.


drbj profile image

drbj 5 years ago from south Florida

What an awesome description for Google at the beginning of your hub, Docmo. And what an awesome hub this is. No surprise though since it is merely your usual standard for excellence. And a fantastic learning experience for all. Bravo! Rated up of course.


always exploring profile image

always exploring 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

G stands for GRAND and it's my way of telling you how much i like this hub. I also love the painting by Norman Rockwell, my favorite. Thank you for the history of the letter G.

Cheers


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 5 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

Rated "awesome" for an awesome hub! I love the interesting details and descriptions. This was a very enjoyable exploration of the letter "G". I'm looking forward to reading your other letter hubs.


Amy Becherer profile image

Amy Becherer 5 years ago from St. Louis, MO

Good on you, Docmo, for another trip into the fascinating origins of words. I was very interested in the gargoyles that sat at waterspouts, which must account for the word and meaning of "gutters". Just yesterday I wrote an article for AMS called "Rain Chains", so gutters are at the forefront of my brain right now! You always give your readers a thorough, most interesting, beautifully illustrated journey into something we use everyday...words, language and the intricate, brilliant nuances that give writers their expression. You take a topic that the classroom could easily relegate to dry, boring and sleep inducing and give it humor, intrigue and beauty. Bravo, Docmo!


Son of Chick 5 years ago

After being made aware of your Articulately Intelligent and Informative Hubs by the nonsensical entertaining 'Panda' - I am impressed with a thumbs up. My endearing wish is to be able to master these Hub Pages as eloquently as you...


WillStarr profile image

WillStarr 5 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

Excellent, Docmo...as always!


Fay Paxton 5 years ago

Golly Gee, gosh and good gracious. Nobody does it like you Docmo. Your hubs are like an educational tour...well-written, informative and entertaining.

up/useful and awesome


John Sarkis profile image

John Sarkis 5 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

Nice hub - very informative. Voted up


Debby Bruck profile image

Debby Bruck 5 years ago

Dear Docmo. A creative approach to writing hubs using the structure of the alphabet. Rated "beautiful" and you must have taken a lot of time to post so many images and videos to add interest. Thanks for finding me, following my hubs and your special note. Blessings, Debby


marwan asmar profile image

marwan asmar 5 years ago from Amman, Jordan

Very nice hub; Not only very interesting but original and innovative for the way it is approached. Voted UP


CatherineGiordano profile image

CatherineGiordano 2 years ago from Orlando Florida

Brilliant. It was so interesting to learn the etymology of these words.


Docmo profile image

Docmo 2 years ago from UK Author

Thank you Catherine- as you say we have a common interest in etymology. Much appreciated.

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