Hard-boiled detective fiction--Dashiell Hammett creator of iconic Sam Spade

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Hammett

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Hammett's grave

Public domain from wikimedia commons
Public domain from wikimedia commons

Hammett

I knew Hammett more from radio shows than from his books and short stories. Growing up in a pre-television age I listened to radio. Two of his iconic detectives were portrayed as radio programs, “Sam Spade” and “The Thin Man.” Back in the 1940’s I liked the private eyes on the radio and got to like many of them without knowing anything about who wrote them.

Sam Spade may have been the prototype for the “hard boiled detective” that I tended to take as just the private eye. Hammett created the character for his novel, now a classic; Humphrey Bogart played in The Maltese Falcon, which was made into a movie and Spade set the pattern for future fictional detectives. His characteristics taken from earlier dectectives were cold detachment, keen eye for detail and seeking of his own justice—probably brought to extreme later by Mickey Spillain’s “Mike Hammer.” However, he keeps a sense of “tarnished idealism” despite his exposure to the corrupt and tawdry side of life.

Hammett said that Spade was like most real life detectives he knew or would like to be. Quite different from the abstract solver of riddles like Sherlock Holmes.

In the 1946-1951-radio show Howard Duff played The Adventures of Sam Spade . Probably the series that I listened to. With the permission of Hammett’s estate in 2009 Joe Gores published Spade and Archer: The Prequel to Dashiell Hammett’s THE MALTESE FALCON. In 1975 Gore wrote a novel Hammett. It was a detective story with Hammett as the protagonist. It was a book I rather enjoyed at a time that I didn’t know much about Hammett.

Hammett also kept a notebook from his Pinkerton days with some interesting observations about the criminals he had run across. A quote from Raymond Chandler, which shows Chandler’s interest in Hammett, was that Hammett “…took murder out of the Venetian vase and dropped it in the alley…”

Hammett was born May 24, 1894 and died of cancer January 10, 1961. He is regarded as one of best mystery writers and has had a huge impact on the modern American detective story. He was born on a farm in St. May’s County, Maryland in the United States. Dashiell is an Americanization of the French name De Chiel. He grew up in Baltimore and Philadelphia. He left school when he was 13 and held several jobs before becoming a member of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency from 1915 to 1921. He took time off to serve in World War I. He disliked the agencies role as union strike breakers.

During the First World War he served as an ambulance Corpsman. He got the Spanish flu and later tuberculosis. He spent the rest of the war as a patient. He married a nurse, Josephine Dolan and had two daughters. Because of the tuberculosis they had to live separately which probably caused the marriage to fall apart. He started drinking, worked in advertising and eventually became a writer.

From 1929 to 1930 he was romantically involved with Nell Martin the author short stories and novels. In 1931 he started a 30-year affair with Lillian Hellmann. This affair was portrayed in the film Julia.

Hammett wrote his first novel in 1934 and became a left-wing activist for the rest of his life. In 1942 he enlisted in the U.S. Army despite being a disabled veteran. He came out of the war with emphysema.

He went back to political activism after the war. In 1951 he testified in front of the States District Court Judge Sylvester Ryan. Hammett refused to provide information the government wanted. He took the Fifth Amendment and was found guilty of contempt of court. In the 1950’s he was investigated by congress. He testified to his own activities but refused to cooperate with the committee and was blacklisted.

January 10, 1961 he died of lung cancer in New York’s City’s Lenox Hill Hospital. As a veteran of two world wars he was buried in at Arlington National Cemetery.

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Comments 12 comments

creativeone59 profile image

creativeone59 6 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

Thank you dahoglund, for a very interesting hub on hard boiled detectives, I enjoyed the read. Thanks for sharing. Godspeed. creativeone59


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Thanks for stopping by and commenting.


eovery profile image

eovery 6 years ago from MIddle of the Boondocks of Iowa

I was raised at towards the beginning of the TV, so I missed out on the radio world. Sounds like there was some good stuff on the radio. I have listened to some radio programs that were great.

Keep on hubbing!


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Radio had the advantage that it challenged the imagination. Thanks for stopping by.


michiganman567 profile image

michiganman567 6 years ago from Michigan

Nicely done. I can't really relate to the days of listening to the radio shows, but maybe they are coming back. I have probably been listening to more radio than watching TV anymore. It is hard to watch TV and play on the computer.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I don't know if you can recapture the atmosphere, but many old radio shows, drama and comedy are available on cd's now.After TV took over radio looked for new markets, mostly music. But much of early TV were transitions from radio, such as detective shows, Gunsmoke, comedies like Jack Benny.


jstankevicz profile image

jstankevicz 6 years ago from Cave Creek

I just read the Gores prequel. He nailed the Hammet voice and the era. Also grew up with radio. Detective shows were and still are my favorites.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Thanks for visiting and commenting. I don't know if radio was better, but it is a different experience tha TV


Coolmon2009 profile image

Coolmon2009 6 years ago from Texas, USA

I have never read it, but I heard of "The Thin Man." I never knew the authors name; thank you for educating me on this writer. I will have to read more about him.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

I'm not sure how many people now have read him. Probably most people now would be familiar with the movie version of "The Maltese Falcon," with Humphrey Bogart. Hammett's real significance is probably his influence on later writers who followed in the path of the tough private eye stories.


xstatic profile image

xstatic 4 years ago from Eugene, Oregon

This is great stuff dahoglund! I listened to those also. Do you recall the Fat Man radio detective show as well? It was another Hammet created character, played by deep-voiced J. Scott Smart. The intro every week had him weighing in at 237 lbs, and for some reason, I recall him shooting a bad guy from a gun in the pocket of his overcoat, then saying, "I lose more overrcoats that way."

Hammet was great, and Chandler perfected the private eye with Philip Marlowe.

Rockford Files was one of my favorites on TV.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 4 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids Author

Hi xstatic,, now that you mention it, I do recall the Fat Man although I don't recall any actual episodes, then I don't recall that many of any of them. I liked a lot of radio growing up but I did not know the literary roots of it then. There were some good hard boiled detectives on TV later, such as Spencer whose character was created by Ross McDonald. Rockford was great. Thanks for commenting.

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