Heroic Journey in Amos Tutuola's Palm-Wine Drinkard

A Trek Through Mythic West Africa

The Palm-Wine Drinkard is an excellent example of the heroic journey informed by traditional African story-telling and folktales.

Called to Adventure

A seeming accident draws the protagonist into a world of adventure when the surprising death of the tapster affects the hero. He thinks that people must go someplace when they die, and “I said that I would find out where my palm-wine tapster who had died” (Tutuola 193). The protagonist states this matter-of-factly, and sets out on the journey with hardly any other thought.

A normal component of the journey is for the hero to have a guide. This role is fulfilled by the wife of the protagonist. At times, she is more knowledgeable than him and tries to share her wisdom such as when they first enter Red-Town. Additionally, the protagonist’s wife is his partner in action by helping him carry palm-wine, earning money by using him as a canoe, and traveling with him on nearly every occasion after he rescues her from the Skull’s Family’s House.

Heroic Trials

Once the heroic journey starts, the protagonist moves over a threshold to adventure. For the Palm-Wine Drinkard, this event occurs when he pays a visit to Death’s house. Here, the hero traps and binds Death, an activity which gives the reader permission to believe the story is taking place in a strange and magical world.

The drinkard’s tasks become increasingly difficult and bizarre. After getting help from Drum, Dance and Song to overcome his monstrous and greedy child “ZURRJIR,” he and his wife wind up in Unreturnable-Heaven’s Town where, among other things they are beaten, have their heads shaved with rocks and broken glass, and are buried alive in a football field. They survive through various magic and miraculous means only to find Reds’ Town and so forth. Such adventures give structure to the book as a series of contests and display the hero’s skill and cunning. These episodes also show his character as he grows more responsible an aware of his place in society.

A symbolic death and return occurs when the hero and his wife sell their deaths in the White Tree. This kind of death sets the stage for a miraculous rebirth and awakening into a new life. From this point on, the protagonist acts in even more heroic ways and has the strength to continue his journey because he has been given a guarantee on his life. Symbolically, the drinkard has overcome his concerns about mortality before he reenters the world on his quest.

Drinking palm wine from a calabash photo posted by Nick Hobgood
Drinking palm wine from a calabash photo posted by Nick Hobgood

Boon and Return

In the archetypal journey, the hero wins a boon through succeeding with his quest. This heavenly gift has regenerative power for the hero and the rest of the world when he returns from his quest. In the instance of the Palm-Wine Drinkard, the great gift is an egg which would grant desires. This is a mighty gift which the protagonist wisely uses the combat the famine in his home, but the greed of the community eventually damages the magic egg.

When the drinkard repairs the egg, he uses it to punish the people for their destructiveness and gluttony. The egg may not be the archetypal elixir, but the hero’s own growth as a person to act with charity or justice as the situation demands is the real boon his quest has obtained for him.

African Hero

Tutuola’s story is understandable to many people because it employs an archetypal story of the heroic quest and uses many universal images. At the same time, the voice and setting of The Palm-Wine Drinkard remains distinctly African.

Source

Tutuola, Amos. The Palm-Wine Drinkard. The Palm-Wine Drinkard and My Life in the Bush of Ghosts. New York: Grove Press, 1953.

African and African-American Literature

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Comments 14 comments

BkCreative profile image

BkCreative 6 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

How interesting! I actually have this book on my bookshelf. I tend to pick up books in my travels with the intention of reading them one fine day - when the spirit moves me. So the book is waiting for me.

Thanks for your review. I'll give it a try!


satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA Author

Thanks, BkCreative. I recommend it even though the narrative seems really disjointed. The novel does present a really different view of literature, and I recommend it for that reason if no others.


dahoglund profile image

dahoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

Thanks for the review of something I find entirrely new to me. I'm familiar with the hero's journey but not the African culture.


satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA Author

The archetypal hero's journey really helps provide structure to this story that would otherwise be difficult to get into otherwise. Thanks for your comments, dahoglund.


valeriebelew profile image

valeriebelew 6 years ago from Metro Atlanta, GA, USA

SATOMKO, Well I had certainly never heard of this one. Sounds very different. Perhaps I will see if its in our local library. (: v


satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA Author

I hope you find a copy and give it a try, valeriebelew. It popular several years ago, so maybe you'll find a copy.


James A Watkins profile image

James A Watkins 6 years ago from Chicago

This is an interesting and offbeat story. I enjoyed it. Thanks!


satomko profile image

satomko 6 years ago from Macon, GA Author

And thank you for stopping by, James.


funky23 5 years ago from Deutschland

is that correct !


harun salmah 4 years ago

I belief that the construction of dis novel gives a path way for the critisicm.Also the story deals with the way human being can know how is capacity weigh,for example the palmwine drinkard was regard as a lazy man but deu to his adventure he discovered the strenght in him.


satomko profile image

satomko 4 years ago from Macon, GA Author

You may be right, harun salmah. Plenty of literary critics have noted the importance on the novel's structure.


salmat harun 4 years ago

the author has really by transliterating the african tradition.by employ myth,legend n others of africa culture.moroso the imaginative world he uses is wel to be done


Didge profile image

Didge 4 years ago from Southern England

Very original! Many thanks! !


satomko profile image

satomko 4 years ago from Macon, GA Author

Thank you, Didge. I'm glad you enjoyed it.

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