How to Write a Cause Essay or Cause Effect Paper
Cause Essays answer: "Why?" "What caused this?"
Effect Essays answer : "What happened afterwards?"
Cause Effect Essays answer:" What is the chain of events?"
What are Causal Essays?
Cause Effect essays explain the order and links between events, situations, decisions or trends.
Cause essays argue what happened in the past to create an important one-time event (example: causes Donald Trump's success as the presidential candidate) or increasing trend (example: causes of the trend of addiction to cell phones). Often cause essays also explore the effects of that event, trend or phenomenon.
Effect Essays explain what happened after a particular event, or the situations which stem from a particular decision, event or cause (example: effect of Trump candidacy on the Republican party, effect of Prince on music).
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Different Kinds of Cause Effect Essays
Cause Essay: This essay explains the different causes and either presents your view or asks the reader to decide at the end. Introduction describes Effects and ends with the question:, "What has caused.......? The body paragraphs tell one or more possible causes and the evidence for this. Generally, you will argue strongly for the most important cause in this type of essay. You may argue against some of the causes other people suggest. Conclusion either tells the one cause you think is most important, or asks the reader to decide, or argues why the reader should believe your cause idea.
Speculating about Causes Essay: This essay presents all of the views on the issue. Intro with Effects and question "What has caused...?" The body then tells three or more different causes that people have suggested with the reasons why they believe that cause. Conclusion either asks the reader to decide or presents your own belief.
Cause Argument Essay: This essay argues for your own cause idea. The introduction presents effects and ends with the question "What has caused?" The second paragraph presents the causes that other people (Some people believe.... Other people say the cause is...) The body then presents your belief of the cause and argues why it is the best idea of the cause. The body also refutes the other cause ideas. Conclude with why the reader should adopt your point of view.
Effect Essay: This essay focuses on the results of a certain cause. Introduction talks about one important event (such as the bombing of the World Trade Center, or the introduction of Chocolate to the Europeans) and then asks the question: What are the effects of....? The body of the essay describes the different effects and gives evidence to support them. The conclusion can speculate on effects in the future, or give the writer's personal opinion of the most important effect.
Interviews Give Ideas for Cause Essay
Cause Effect Introductions
Grab reader's attention
Vividly describe effect
Ends with your question, "What causes?" or "What is the effect of?"
Cause Effect Introduction Ideas
series of questions
describe movie plot
what everyone believes
Video Essay Example: Combining Images with text
Cause Essay Body
The question you ended your introduction with should be answered in the first sentence of your body paragraph. This will be your thesis (if your instructor insists that you have your thesis in the introduction, you can move that answer to the last sentence of the introduction). Or, if you have several different answers to the question, then each one of your body paragraphs can use one of those answers as the topic sentence.
Body: Argue for your causes
This is the heart of the paper. You want to convince the reader that you are right by presenting arguments and evidence that your causes are the best explanation for the trend or phenomenon. In presenting the causes or explaining them, be sure to:
- Present causes in a logical order. Two ways to do this: one, present in climactic order (minor causes first and then the most important cause); second, present the most important cause first and then backtrack to more minor but underlying causes.
- Surprise Reader. Mention but don’t spend a lot of time on obvious or predictable causes (one introduction idea is to mention causes expected and say why these are not the main cause)
- Don’t mistake effects for causes (a cause happens before, an effect happens after).
- Add good evidence. Provide support for your cause through using statistics, anecdotes, case histories, historical evidence, examples, description, expert opinion, quotes and scenarios
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Cause Essay Conclusion Ideas
In this essay you do not have to be dogmatic, so you can also admit that it is possible to view the issue in a different light but use the conclusion to persuade your reader that your way of thinking about this issue is better. Here are some conclusion ideas:
- Present your idea on the subject. Tell why you reject the other ideas.
- Ask the Reader to decide what they think is the best.
- Speculate on why the most popular cause is believed and then tell why you think this is wrong or right.
- Speculate on whether there is a cause not yet discovered.
- Imagine what would happen in the future in a similar situation.
- Anticipate reader’s objections or preferred causes and show how your ideas are better:
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Cause Effect Writing Tips
- Titles: Use the title to present your point of view, or you can use the cause question for your title.
- Audience: Think about your audience—what aspects of this issue would most interest or convince them?
- Topic Sentences: Each cause you suggest should be able to be stated in a single sentence. These will be the topic sentences of your body. Usually, you will have three or more reasons why the reader should accept your cause, these will be your piece of evidence or support for that topic sentence.
- Thesis: If your instructor wants you to have a thesis sentence, then you can state all of these briefly in one sentence first. (Example: The main causes of the Civil War were: cultural differences between the industrialized North and agricultural South, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, and the publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin).
- Choosing Cause Ideas: Don’t have your causes (or effects) be too obvious. Your paper should have interesting causes/effects which the reader would not automatically think of when they hear about your subject. However, if your causes are more familiar, you can make them interesting by giving some unique supporting examples or evidence. You do not have to prove your causes conclusively.
- How to Support your Causes/Effects: Support each of these reasons with argument, examples, statistics, authorities or anecdote. To make your reasons seem plausible, connect them back to your position by using “if…then” reasoning.
- Speculating About Causes: In a “speculating” about causes essay, the job is to guess, to “speculate,” about the possible causes for something and to make your guesses seem plausible. You don't have to prove them absolutely, but give enough evidence to make them seam possible.
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