The Secret Garden - An Analysis of a Classic Children's Book

The secret garden is filled with rose bushes that need help.
The secret garden is filled with rose bushes that need help. | Source

The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett

Reading The Secret Garden was one of the joys of my childhood. The book is a classic children's novel written by Frances Hodgson Burnett. The words "garden" and "secret" were instant attractions for me when I first heard of the book. I loved the idea of a beautiful and mysterious garden which no one else knew about. As an adult, however, I see some disturbing incidents of racism in the book. Some people may feel that these spoil the story's lovely descriptions of nature and its interesting magical and mystical elements.

The flower photos in this article show plants mentioned in The Secret Garden. The pride of place goes to the rose. The garden was created for a woman who loved these flowers. After her accidental death in the garden, her husband could no longer bear to visit it. It gradually became hidden by the growth of plants over its walls and door.

Irises
Irises | Source

Frances Hodgson Burnett - A Brief Biography

Frances Eliza Hodgson was born in Manchester, England, on November 24th, 1849. She was the daughter of an ironmonger, who died only three years after her birth. Her mother ran the family business after her husband died. When Frances was fifteen, however, the business failed. In 1865 her family immigrated to Tennessee in the United States, hoping for a better life with her mother's brother. Here Frances began her literary career by selling stories to help support her family financially.

In 1872 Frances married Swan Burnett, who later became a doctor. The couple had two sons. In 1890 the elder son died from tuberculosis, or consumption as it was then known, which hurt Frances deeply. Frances became a follower of Christian Science shortly after her son's death. Frances divorced Swan in 1898. She married Stephen Townsend in 1900. This marriage was not successful, however, and lasted for just two years.

Frances wrote three very popular children's books. Little Lord Fauntleroy was published in 1886, The Little Princess appeared in 1905 and The Secret Garden was published in 1911. Frances wrote successful books for adults as well as children and also wrote plays.

Frances alternated living in Britain and in the United States. She died in 1924 while she was in her Long Island home in New York.

This walled garden at Great Maythem Hall was the model for the secret garden. The walls of the secret garden were hidden by a thick layer of vegetation, however.
This walled garden at Great Maythem Hall was the model for the secret garden. The walls of the secret garden were hidden by a thick layer of vegetation, however. | Source

The Secret Garden in Real Life

From about 1898 to 1907, Frances lived in a mansion called Great Maythem Hall. This building still exists and is located in Kent, England. Frances found an old, walled garden on the grounds of the mansion. The garden had been neglected for a very long time.

Frances restored the garden and planted lots of roses. She sat in her garden to do her writing and made friends with a robin that she often found there. The robin reportedly fed from her hand. The walled and forgotten garden, the abundant roses and the friendly robin all appear in The Secret Garden.

The children read about delphiniums in a gardening book and decide to plant them in the secret garden.
The children read about delphiniums in a gardening book and decide to plant them in the secret garden. | Source

Mary Lennox's Discovery of the Secret Garden

Mary Lennox is about ten years old at the start of The Secret Garden. Her family is English but live in India. Mary's parents virtually ignore her. She is cared for by an Indian nursemaid and has become a self absorbed, cold and uncaring child.

When her parents die from cholera, Mary is sent to live with her semi-reclusive uncle in his Yorkshire manor. Martha Sowerby is the young housemaid who is assigned to take care of Mary.

The manor is set in large grounds containing multiple gardens. Martha tells Mary the story of a garden that has been "lost" and that no one has seen or been inside for ten years. Mary's heartbroken uncle locked the door of the walled garden after her aunt died there and then buried the key in the soil.

One day Mary discovers the buried key to the garden door with the aid of a friendly robin. Shortly afterwards she finds the door itself, which was hidden under a thick layer of ivy. As Mary secretely explores the garden, she decides to care for its neglected plants. Her daily explorations of the manor grounds have already begun the process of improving her health and attitude. Her efforts to revitalize the secret garden accelerate this process.

A spring crocus and a visiting bee
A spring crocus and a visiting bee | Source

The Healing Garden

Mary invites others that she trusts to her secret garden. One of these people is Dickon, one of Martha's brothers. Dickon has an amazing rapport with wild animals and a wide knowledge of nature. Animals follow him around and lie beside him. They even climb on to his shoulders and lap. Wildlife also comes to visit Dickon when he plays his pipe.

Mary's other confidant is her cousin Colin, whose existence was kept secret from her. Colin spends most of his time in bed, often crying and throwing tantrums and frequently treating his attendants badly. Mary discovers him by following the sound of his crying, Colin can't walk (for an unspecified reason) and is convinced that he is going to die soon. He is also terrified that he will become a hunchback like his father. He was born shortly before his mother died and resembles her. His father finds it very hard to visit Colin because his son reminds him of his wife.

Mary and Dickon take Colin to the garden in a wheelchair. The visits to the garden gradually improve Colin's disposition and spirits. Eventually, as the garden works its special magic, Colin finds that he can stand, then walk and eventually run. He keeps his new abilities secret from the people in the manor but plans to reveal them when his father returns from a trip aboard.

Colin's father returns to the manor unexpectedly after an experience in which he hears his dead wife telling him that she is in the garden. The father hears laughter coming from the walled garden. When the door opens, he is amazed to see his son not only healthy but also running around with Mary and Dickon. The story ends with the joyful and triumphant return of father and son to the manor.

Secret Garden Movie Trailer - 1987 Version

I am sure there is Magic in everything, only we have not sense enough to get hold of it and make it do things for us.

— Colin in The Secret Garden

Magic in the Secret Garden

The idea of magic is frequently mentioned in reference to the secret garden. Francis Hodgson Burnett's interest in Christian Science may have been in her mind as she described Colin's recovery. Christian scientists believe in God and the importance of the Bible. They also believe that sickness can be healed by prayer alone.

Once Colin has begun his daily visits to the garden, he talks about the magic involved in his healing. In fact, the word Magic - written with a capital M - is used so often in this section of the book that it may become annoying for some readers. The children use the word to refer to a mystical force and not to a magician's trick.

Colin says that he is going to conduct a scientific experiment in the garden. In this experiment, Colin is going to try to absorb the garden's Magic in order to heal himself. The children, an elderly gardener who has discovered their presence and the animals around Dickon form a circle to call on Magic. Afterwards, Colin finds that he can walk around the garden, although he needs help at times and frequently needs to rest. The "mystic circle" is held every day in the garden, and every day Colin's health and strength improve. On one occasion the group sings a Christian hymn as they work in their circle.

The writer eventually says that Colin's recovery is due to his determination and to the fact that positive thoughts have great power. This relatively mundane explanation sounds a little strange after all of the references to Magic. Frances may have had a greater belief in the power of thought than many people, however. It's interesting that in the next chapter of the book the idea of Magic appears yet again in relation to Archibald Craven, Mary's uncle.

Daffodils in spring
Daffodils in spring | Source

One of the new things that people began to find out in the last century was that thoughts - just mere thoughts - are as powerful as electric batteries, as good for one as sunlight is, or as bad for one as poison.

— Frances Hodgson Burnett in The Secret Garden

Spiritualism and Theosophy

The incident that causes Archibald Craven to interrupt his trip abroad and go home early could be described as mystical. It may well be a reflection of the writer's interest in spirtualism and theosophy. She explored both of these topics before she became a Christian Scientist.

Spiritualism is both a religion and a philosophy. In either case, it involves a belief that the spirit continues to exist after bodily death. Spiritualists also believe that spirits can communicate with the living via people who act as mediums.

Theosophy is a complex philosophy. Followers believe in a spiritual reality that can be contacted through meditation. They also believe that we will survive in some form forever. This idea of living forever is brought up several times in the second half of the book as the magical atmosphere becomes more intense.

A cultivated primrose
A cultivated primrose | Source

A Mystical Experience

We join Archibald Craven in Europe at the time when the secret garden is coming to life. As a change in Archibald's dark, ten-year-long depression begins, the writer makes the following statement about him "Slowly - slowly - for no reason that he knew of - he was "coming alive" with the garden."

One night beside a moonlit lake, Archibald falls asleep and dreams. The dream is unlike his normal dreams, however. It seems intensely real to him. In the dream, his wife calls to him. He asks her where she is. She replies, "In the garden!"

The next morning Archibald receives a letter from Susan Sowerby, Martha and Dickon's mother. She knows about Colin's recovery and has visited the children in the garden. Susan suggests that Archibald come home and says that he would be happy if he did so. She also says that she thinks his wife would have wanted him to return at this point in time. Immediately after reading the letter and with the dream still in his mind, Archibald orders his servant to prepare for their return to England.

Red roses - a symbol of love
Red roses - a symbol of love | Source

The Class System

A noticeable aspect of The Secret Garden is that the distinction between different classes is always maintained, even as the plot progresses. Comments by some characters show that they feel that they are superior to people in the class below them even as they offer them some respect.

Despite the apparent friendship between Martha and Mary, Martha is still a servant who must wait on Mary and obey Colin. Colin maintains his imperious attitude towards servants. In reference to Dickon, the writer says (while speaking from Mary's point of view), "Oh, how she did like that queer, common boy!" Near the end of the book when the writer refers to the factors that have caused the wonderful changes in Mary's disposition, she refers to "common little Yorkshire housemaids" as being helpful.

Even those not in the upper class have their prejudices. When the housekeeper at the manor is talking about Martha's mother and believes that she is praising her, she says, "Sometimes I've said to her, Eh! Susan, if you was a different woman an' didn't talk such broad Yorkshire I've seen the times when I should have said you was clever."

There is one touching incident near the end of the book which indicates that Colin may be changing his attitude. He tells Susan Sowerby that he wishes that she was his mother.

Secret Garden Movie Excerpt - 1993 Version

Racism in The Secret Garden

In the first part of the The Secret Garden, a reader may get the faint but uncomfortable feeling that the way in which Indian people are being described is unacceptable. This feeling is confirmed when outrageous and racist comments are made by both Martha and Mary.

Children would probably like a printed version of the The Secret Garden that has illustrations. The ebook can be downloaded for free from the Project Gutenberg website, however. I suggest that parents read at least to the end of Chapter Eight in the ebook before they buy a printed version for their child. The racist elements disappear after this chapter.

A parent may decide that they need to prepare the child for the racism in the book, or they may even decide that they don't want their child to read it at all. The problem with the latter decision is that children may well encounter the book outside of the home. In addition, there are other children's books from an earlier time that are great stories apart from their racist elements. It may be better to face the problem directly and discuss the situation with children. Parent have to decide this for themselves, of course.

Cherry blossom
Cherry blossom | Source

The Ending of the Story

As much as I enjoyed The Secret Garden as a child, I always found the ending unsatisfying and even annoying. Most of the book focuses on Mary and her experiences. Colin is an important secondary character. The ending is all about Colin, however. His interaction with his father is now the focus of the story and the other two children in the garden are forgotten.

I always wanted to know what happened to Mary now that her Uncle had returned and seemed happier. I had become very interested in her life. It seemed unfair that she was ignored at the end of the story. I still feel this way when I read the book as an adult.

The Secret Garden definitely has flaws. As a child, I think I must have glossed over any flaws that I found. As an adult, I can't do this. In remembrance of the past I still read the book occasionally, though. It has some beautiful sections for someone who likes nature, fantasy and speculative fiction.

© 2015 Linda Crampton

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Comments 61 comments

Molly Layton profile image

Molly Layton 18 months ago from Alberta

There are so many details I remember from this book that I haven't thought about in years. Well written.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the visit and comment, Molly.


billybuc profile image

billybuc 18 months ago from Olympia, WA

I never read the book. I did see the movie. What great background information here, Linda. Thank you for this interesting article.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Bill. It's an interesting book, despite its problems.


Larry Rankin profile image

Larry Rankin 18 months ago from Oklahoma

Wonderful in depth work, as always.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks, Larry! I appreciate your comment.


drbj profile image

drbj 18 months ago from south Florida

You reminded me, Alicia, with this excellent review of how differently we may see a book that we reread as an adult from the book that we remember as a child.

Your photos of delphiniums and the crocus are exquisite, m'dear.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Your statement is very true, drbj. We do sometimes see a book differently as an adult. Thank you very much for the comment about the hub and the photos.


CMHypno profile image

CMHypno 18 months ago from Other Side of the Sun

Great review of a wonderful children's book Alicia and I will echo drbj and say the flower pictures are truly beautiful


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Cynthia. I appreciate your visit and comment!


Rachel L Alba profile image

Rachel L Alba 18 months ago from Every Day Cooking and Baking

Hi Alicia, Well, I never did read the book but after viewing your hub and the videos, I will now. I'll try our local book store first. Thanks for bringing this story to life. Voted up, awesome and interesting.

Blessings to you.

PS,, I love the flower pictures.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you, Rachel. The book is definitely worth reading. I appreciate the votes and the comment. Blessings to you, too.


bdegiulio profile image

bdegiulio 18 months ago from Massachusetts

Hi Linda. I never read the book but did see the play at a local theatre. Great review. Now I'm thinking I want to read the book. Wonderful selection of photos.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you, Bill. I always appreciate your comments.


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 18 months ago from sunny Florida

You have done such a marvelous job of sharing this wondrous book with us. It is one that I treasure and that children to whom I read it while I was still teaching fell in love.

It is a timeless story that will no doubt remain a favorite.

It is so very interesting to read about the author of books as it adds another layer of understanding perhaps to their writings.

Excellent job Angels are on the way to you this afternoon. Thank you for visiting

ps Voted up++++


pinto2011 profile image

pinto2011 18 months ago from New Delhi, India

This is a great read especially for me who is a nature lover. I would also like to visit this place.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you so much for the lovely comment and the beautiful angels, Patricia! I appreciate your votes as well.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, pinto2011. It is a lovely book for nature lovers who are either children or children at heart. I still read the book. Thank you for the visit.


Maren Morgan M-T profile image

Maren Morgan M-T 18 months ago from Pennsylvania

My favorite childhood book.


Hooks and Needles profile image

Hooks and Needles 18 months ago

I didn't read this book as a child, but did once I was an adult. They had the house that the Secret Garden was based on the Home and Garden TV channel a couple of years ago. The house itself was unusual.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Maren Morgan. It was one of my favourite childhood books, too. Thanks for commenting.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

I wish I had seen that show, Hooks and Needles. It must have been very interesting.


Nadine May profile image

Nadine May 18 months ago from Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

What a lovely story. Ive never read it as a child ( it might not have been translated in Dutch) but I'm sure I would have loved it. I have created my own fairy garden where children can play and make their own fantasy stories.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Your garden sounds so lovely, Nadine. It would be wonderful for children! Thanks for the comment.


FatBoyThin profile image

FatBoyThin 18 months ago from Kinneff, Scotland

It's funny how we remember things differently as we get older - I'd forgotten how irritated I was with the ending of the book, but you're absolutely right. I think sometimes we just remember the 'nice' bits and forget those that we weren't so keen on. It might also be that the various movie versions have tended to be more 'syrupy' than the book, which clouds our memories of the actual text. Good to learn something about the background to the novel too, so well done. Great Hub.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment, FatBoyThin. I agree with you - the movie or TV versions that I've seen have avoided the parts of the book that could be considered controversial. Like you, I also think we sometimes remember the nice parts of a story and push the other parts to the back of our mind!


walibooks 18 months ago

Thanks for this


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the visit, walibooks.


lyoness913 profile image

lyoness913 18 months ago from Overland Park, KS

I really tried to like 'The Secret Garden' but I found it tedious- both the book and the movie. I am usually pretty in tune to symbolism, but reading your hub was an eye opening experience for me. I'll have to try reading 'The Secret Garden' again. Great hub!

-Wendi


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the interesting comment, Wendi. I enjoy reading different people's opinions about the story!


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 18 months ago from southern USA

Hi Alicia,

I have not been on HP here of late, so I am catching up on my reading here, and I found your analysis of "The Secret Garden" very well done and fascinating. Plus your choice of imagery and photos are perfect.

Your inclusion of the background on the author adds another layer of interest here. I have never much understood Christian Science. However, as a Christian, I do believe the Lord God heals through prayers, as He healed me of breast cancer without a shadow of a doubt. It was there and then it was gone. He heals without prayer too and of course science and medicine do as well.

The overuse of the word "magic" in the story is a bit annoying to me too, for to me it is more of a supernatural healing through a higher power ...to me that would be God. It does seem a bit mixed with both, which to me is not consistent or confuses the reader a bit. In God Word, God does tell us to be mindful to keep our thoughts or minds on those things which are true, lovely, excellent, worthy of praise, etc., and science as well seems to be confirming that negative thoughts over a period of time can actually make us physically sick, as does God Word where He talks about making us sick to our bones. I am just paraphrasing and did not use the correct language here as I should have, so please excuse.

I, too, am not too happy with the ending for the same reasons you have stated.

It is funny after reading our childhood favorites and then read them as adults, and our eyes are open, just like when reading "Alice in Wonderland" for me. You have made good points for parents to consider about the racism.

Thank you again for another stellar hub.

Up ++++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

Blessings always


prettynutjob30 profile image

prettynutjob30 18 months ago from From the land of Chocolate Chips,and all other things sweet.

Great hub, voted up, shared, and more!!! I have always loved this book, it was one of my all-time faves, growing up, I also love the movie


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for sharing your views in such an interesting and detailed comment, Faith. I appreciate your kindness and your shares, too.

I find the attitude in the book confusing as well. The idea of magic is brought up repeatedly. After this is done the author changes her attitude and refers to the power of thought, almost as though she has decided to remove the idea of any external force from the story. Then she returns to the idea of magic again. The story is certainly interesting to analyze!

Blessings to you as well, Faith.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, prettynutjob30! I appreciate your comment, vote and share a great deal.


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 18 months ago from southern USA

Oh, I meant to add to my comment up there too that I have found God's promise of being kept in perfect peace (when we think on the things He would have us to think on ...truth, etc.), to be a great comfort in this life, no matter what is going on as far as any trials or hardships. I have experienced such peace, the peace that surpasses all understanding as He puts it.

Peace and blessings again


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

I am very glad that you have found such comfort, Faith. Peace and blessings to you.


rebeccamealey profile image

rebeccamealey 18 months ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

Very interesting review, and beautifully illustrated, Alicia. I like how you began with the author bio.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Rebecca.


aviannovice profile image

aviannovice 18 months ago from Stillwater, OK

I had heard this book mentioned in another hub, and was curious, as I never read it. The story itself is delightful, and I could put aside the racism, even though I don't agree with it. I have read her other books, so I should;d read this one, too. Perhaps in writing the book, she discarded her own racism. Hard to say...


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

That's an interesting comment, Deb. Thank you very much for the visit.


CatherineGiordano profile image

CatherineGiordano 18 months ago from Orlando Florida

You did an amazing job with this subject, looking at the story from all angles. It brings back memories for me of when my child was young. Hoe loved the Secret Garden. I think we had a video of the movie that he watched a lot. Your illustrations of flowers was inspired. Voted up H+ B, I, A, U


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you so much, Catherine. I appreciate your kind comment, the share and all the votes a great deal.


Say Yes To Life profile image

Say Yes To Life 18 months ago from Big Island of Hawaii

I both read the book and saw the movie. Regarding the "racist" part - personally, I found it screamingly funny. When Mary first arrives at the manor, Martha tells her she thought she would be a black, coming from India, and Mary took great offense. Mary was used to slapping her servants at the slightest provocation, but didn't dare try that on Martha, because she sensed Martha would slap her back.

This was Mary's first lesson that servants are human beings. I thought it was great!


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Say Yes to Life. Thanks for the comment and for sharing your point of view. You've raised a good point. Martha certainly does have a good influence on Mary in some respects! Unfortunately, at the end of the situation that you describe, Mary makes a derogatory remark about black people. The opinion that she expresses is never addressed again, so there's no way to know whether it changed. I think that's a shame.


FlourishAnyway profile image

FlourishAnyway 18 months ago from USA

You provide an excellent, in-depth analysis and such beautiful images to accompany it. Perhaps this is one of those stories best read together with kids so that discussions can ensue.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Flourish. Yes, I think reading the story with a child or at least discussing it with them would be an excellent idea. Thank you very much for the comment.


DreamerMeg profile image

DreamerMeg 18 months ago from Northern Ireland

I read this book as a child and also saw a serialised version of it on TV (in black and white) as a child. I really enjoyed that story then and did not notice the racist elements but then, I was reading it over 50 years ago. In those days, there was not the awareness of stereotypes, racism etc that there is now. Lovely hub, great photographs.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 18 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the comment, DreamerMeg. I appreciate your visit. Yes, the awareness of some problems occurring in classic books was missing in the past. It's good that this situation has changed.


jcsteele profile image

jcsteele 17 months ago from Florida

Really good hub AliciaC . I'm very big on flowers.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 17 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks, jcsteele. I appreciate your visit.


Kristen Howe profile image

Kristen Howe 17 months ago from Northeast Ohio

Excellent book review and analysis on this classic children's stories. I remember reading them and seeing the movie versions for this and the Little Princess. Fascinating to learn about Frances's life, too. Voted up and interesting!


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 17 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment and the votes, Kristen. The Little Princess is another interesting book!


Kristen Howe profile image

Kristen Howe 17 months ago from Northeast Ohio

My pleasure, Alicia.


VioletteRose profile image

VioletteRose 16 months ago from Chicago

Great review and very beautiful pictures. I love flowers and all beautiful things in nature. I have never read this book, but I have sure heard about it before, and I might read it sometimes in future.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 16 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, VioletteRose. The book does contain some lovely descriptions of nature. The way the secret garden comes to life is beautiful.


DDE profile image

DDE 13 months ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

The photos are stunning! I enjoyed reading another well-presented hub from you. Always an informative and interesting hub. Tweeted!


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 13 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the kind comment and the tweet, Devika! I appreciate your visit.


Rochelle Frank profile image

Rochelle Frank 4 months ago from California Gold Country

Nice commentary on the book. I also remember reading it as a child, but had forgotten the ending and some other parts.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the visit and the comment, Rochelle.


pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 4 months ago from sunny Florida

You covered all of the bases, Linda. It is interesting how a story can put a slant on our thinking and the reader may not be aware that it is happening...

Well done.

Angels are on the way to you ps


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you, Patricia. I appreciate your comment and the angels that you have sent me very much.

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