The gruesome origins of your favourite fairy tales.

Everyone knows the classic fairytale stories, especially as immortalised by Disney. But it may intrigue you to know that the original versions of today's fairy tales were much stranger, darker fare than Disney would have ever dared publish. Read on for the grim story of the older tales behind the sanitised 20th century adaptations.

Once upon a time, fairy tales were written for adults, not children, and were intended as morality stories. To make sure the message was memorable, the older versions combined sex and violence with a much bleaker worldview. The most famous recorders of fairy tales are the Grimm brothers who first published their collection in 1812, entitled Children's and Household Tales. The book was immediately criticised for one simple reason: the tales in it were not at all appropriate for children. Read some of the “real” fairytales below from both the original Grimms book and elsewhere to judge for yourself.

Little Red Riding Hood

Little Red Riding Hood was intended to teach (especially well bred young ladies) the danger of talking to strangers. The Grimms' version introduced a last minute rescuer for Little Red, but she had usually been eaten at the end of the tale, often after implied congress with the wolf (who was sometimes a werewolf or an ogre). In an Austrian version Little Red's granny is killed and eaten before Little Red arrives. Granny's entrails are used to replace the string on the door latch and her teeth, jaws and blood stored in her cupboard. When Little Red arrives, she is hungry and so is directed to eat her dead grandmother's teeth (rice) and jaw (chops) and drink her blood (wine). Fake granny then invites Little Red to get naked and climb into bed with her, whereas the story puts it, Little Red “noticed something hairy”. Shortly after the unfortunate girl is devoured in a single gulp, with no rescue.

Cinderella

In the Grimms' tale, Cinderella's fortunes are turned around not by a fairy godmother, but a macabre tree growing out of her mother's grave, which she waters with her tears. Like the Disney version, Cinderella is able to call on birds to perform the tasks set by her wicked stepmother and a bird provides her with suitable clothing for the ball. But when the king's son turns up on the familiar quest to find the foot that fits the shoe, these stepsisters are prepared to go above and beyond to get their man: one cuts off her toe and the other slices off her heel to make the shoe fit. Unsuprisingly each attempt is given away when one of Cinderella's bird friends helpfully points out the blood running out of the shoe. Vengeance on the stepsisters is completed at Cinderella's wedding to the prince. As the sisters go into the church, birds peck out an eye from each sister. After the wedding, the same birds peck out each woman's remaining eye, thus “punishing them with blindness all their days”.

In older variations it's Cinderella who kills her original mother or stepmother, only to get the wicked stepmother as a replacement. An interesting social aspect is the lost significance of the heroine having a small foot. One of the original versions of the Cinderella story comes from ancient China at a time where wives were often chosen by their foot size. Having a small foot suggested that you had agreed to it being bound and were therefore obedient and dependent, traits then seen as highly desirable in a wife.

Snow White

The first Grimms' version of Snow White cast her mother rather than a stepmother as the queen jealous of Snow White's greater beauty. The wicked queen shows herself to be a cannibal by eating what she thinks is the lung and liver of her daughter/stepdaughter (although in reality they belong to a passing bear). When the first attempt at killing Snow White fails, the queen decides personal violence is the answer and attempts to strangle Snow White with lace. Eventually a poisoned apple does the trick and Snow White is dead. When a travelling king's son sees her corpse in the forest he insists on having this dead body at his side forever. He won't even eat unless the corpse is lying next to his food. His servants soon get frustrated with carting a heavy coffin from room to room and one of them picks up the body of Snow White to give it a beating. This dislodges the apple and brings Snow White back to life. At the conclusion of the tale, a pair of iron shoes are heated in the fire until red hot and then brought to the wicked queen. She is forced to put them on and dance in agony until she dies. In some tellings, the seven dwarves are not industrious mining folk, but robbers preying on travellers in the forest.

Sleeping Beauty

Sleeping Beauty now ends with a chaste kiss which wakes the sleeping princess after her hundred year sleep. However there was once more to the story than that. The prince marries Sleeping Beauty the same day and that night, the story makes a point of telling us, the royal couple get no sleep. Unsurprisingly, this leads in due course to two children. But the prince cannot live with Sleeping Beauty as he dare not tell his family about her. Why? Because his mother is an ogress whom his father has married only for her riches and the whole court knows that she cannot resist eating any small children that cross her path (perhaps worth noting that this makes the handsome prince a half ogre). After the prince becomes king he feels confident enough to bring Sleeping Beauty and their two children to the court. However his earlier fears prove well founded. As soon as he goes off to war his mother sends Sleeping Beauty to the country in order to eat her children without interference. When the palace cook objects, the ogress implies that he will be on the menu if he doesn't change his mind. After she thinks she's eaten the two children (although the cook has fooled her), the ogress decides to eat Sleeping Beauty as well. The cook manages to trick her again, hiding Sleeping Beauty and the children in his house. Unfortunately one of the children makes too much noise whilst Sleeping Beauty is whipping him for misbehaviour and the game is given away. The ogress arranges for a large tub to be filled with horrible creatures into which she will throw Sleeping Beauty, her children, the cook, his wife and her maid to be devoured. Fortunately the Prince (now the king of course) arrives back from his war early. This final thwarting of her plan so enrages his mother that she throws herself head first into the tub of horrible creatures and is instantly eaten up.

In an older Italian version, a king discovers Sleeping Beauty (here called Talia) whilst she is still sleeping and rapes her. In due course she gives birth to twins, without waking up. Thankfully a pair of fairies are on hand to help the children suckle. Only when the babies mistakenly attempt to feed from her finger is the original splinter removed and Sleeping Beauty woken. In due course the the king comes back to see Sleeping Beauty again and is even more smitten now she's awake. They have a few days of companionship, after which the king promises to send for her. Unfortunately he neglects to mention that he already has a queen and thus cannot marry Sleeping Beauty. This time it's the king's wife who attempts to have the children eaten by serving them to their unsuspecting father, whilst taunting him with the ambiguous statement that what he eats is his own. The cannibalism is secretly foiled by the cook. The king learns of his wife's actions and thinking that she fooled him into eating his children he has her burned alive. After which he is free to marry Sleeping Beauty and does.

Rapunzel

Once a more bawdy tale, the main change for children's consumption has been the disguising of the sexual relationship between Rapunzel and the prince who discovers her. One day after the Prince has been visiting for some time, the naïve Rapunzel asks the witch why her clothes have become so tight across her belly and no longer fit her, causing the outraged witch to throw her out of the tower. Whilst the blinded prince is wondering round and living on grass and leaves, Rapunzel gives birth to twins and has a miserable time trying to support them as a single mother.

Allerleirauh

No sanitising was ever going to rehabilitate this next fairytale which was nonetheless presented in the Grimms' book for children. Just to show that wicked mothers don't have it all their own way, this example involves a wicked father. A king promises his dying wife that he will not marry again when she dies unless his new bride is at least as pretty and has golden hair. After the queen is dead the king is persuaded that he must remarry so that the land will have a queen. Unfortunately he remains bound by his promise and no-one can find a replacement as good looking as the dead queen. Until that is his daughter grows up. One day the king realises that she fulfils the criteria, since she is as beautiful as her mother and has golden hair. He immediately insists on marrying his daughter, against the advice of his shocked advisers and her wishes. Since she can't dissuade him, the kings daughter disguises herself and runs away. Whilst disguised she's brought back to the king's castle and sent to live in a closet under the stairs (sound familiar?). After enduring a miserable existence as a kitchen slave for a while she makes sure that her father gets to know who she is. He hasn't lost any of his twisted desire to marry his daughter and this time she goes through with the marriage.

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Comments 38 comments

Marlene_OnTheWall profile image

Marlene_OnTheWall 8 years ago from Singapore

Never knew that the original fairy tales were that... ugh! I think I like the Disney-fied version better.


Tater2tot profile image

Tater2tot 8 years ago from ~~~

wow. That's nasty in Cinderella, cutting off your toe and heel is not worth any man. I agree with Marlene. Disney versions are much better! I had no idea. Great hub.


georgie 8 years ago

gruesome .. but kinda cool if like horror. disney's versions are nothing like that !!

:)


Rachel 8 years ago

I dont like horror but its kinda cooool. I loooove the moooovie the bro's grimm. :) lol ha-ha lol :) :) :) ;)


georgie 8 years ago

wateva rachel! jkz jkz :) ;) that movie is phat haha lol it Rocks!!! ..... by the way tater2tot and marlene_onthewall the disney 1s arnt as good! u guys should watch the brothers grimm!!


Rachel* 8 years ago

Hi tater2tot do you want to be mi friend cos yeah you seem like a nice tater2tot lol ha-ha lol :) by the way WTH**L is a tater2tot? :) :) :) :) Dont be a tater hater!! :) Anyway Bibi xoxo (friend)


Theophanes profile image

Theophanes 7 years ago from New England

Heh heh, I love the old versions of fairy tales. I was raised with a bunch of Grimm's tales and there's just nothing like them! (Though I think you might have meant boar instead of bear when talking about the lung and liver switch in Snow White.) You should so check out Der Struwwelpeter by Heinrich Hoffmann. It was written in 1845 and is usually translated into English as Shockheaded Peter or Shaggy Peter. In any event it's priceless. There's a boy in one of the stories that has his thumbs hacked off by a barber as punishment for sucking them and another little boy is taken away by a flying umbrella... to his doom. That certainly puts Mary Poppins in perspective!

Mother Goose used to be rather crude too. I have a copy of Mother Goose rhymes from the early 1920's and all I can say is wow. It discourages girls from trying to learn math and tells stories of children who get lost in the woods, or fall through a frozen lake, and die. This isn't to mention their advice on breaking a horse. I think one of the lines may have actually been "beat out his brains." LOVELY stuff!

Also I love the fact people think Edward Gorey was a children's book writer... The Gashlycrumb Tinies, a book where small children succumb to horrible deaths in rhyming alphabetical order, is the most popular of his works but there's so much more. Whhhy anyone would start promoting that as a children's book I don't know!

Thanks for the fun read. It brought back some macabre childhood memories! Oh and what about Hansel and Gretal? That's another one you just can't clean up at all... "Your parents don't want you so they're going to huck you into the woods where you'll find a cannabalistic witch. Have fun my dears!" Great hub!


ali 7 years ago

I acctually like these versions better


Jetson  6 years ago

I think Disney brain-washed me!! I mean, I love the Little Mermaid, and yes I know she changes into foam on the water and shit... wait... Sleeping Beauty shocked me. Rape? Two children? Rupunzel (sorry if I spelt it wrong) Desire to marry in the family? And, yes cupboard under the stairs, I know: Harry Potter Reference. But, yes. Walt Disney had brain-washed us. End. Of. Story.


katie 6 years ago

i like these versions better.

probably b/c the world, in reality, is cruel.

these versions make more sense.

nothings all "love and live happily after after."


M. 6 years ago

Truly gruesome.


CANCER-ORPHANS 6 years ago

WHAT?! Walt Disney ones are full of BS, this is how the world should be, this is more like reality, not making everything seem happy, Besides Walt Disney was into incest and child porn. Kind of gross. And a nazi


O.O 5 years ago

I heard in the snow white version, she and the father have a "relationship" and it's her biological mother, not her step...


Huntgoddess profile image

Huntgoddess 5 years ago from Midwest U.S.A.

Before the brothers Grimm collected and wrote them down, they weren't written at all. They were folk tales, and the people who told them didn't know how to read or write.

I don't think we can go forcing interpretations on things we don't know anything about. We don't know what those people's lives were like. They're not here to speak for themselves.

I like happy endings, as well. So, I'll stick with Disney --- or something like it.


megan bliss 5 years ago

I love these versions of the fairy tale i also like the disney versions .. theses are amazing


Gem 5 years ago

On the Chinese Cinderella story -- girls did not "agree to" having their feet bound, it was done while they were yet babies. It was a sign of aristocracy, as they couldn't walk enough to work -- or to run away.


Jakob Dailes profile image

Jakob Dailes 5 years ago from Panama City Beach, FL

I was expecting to learn something new. Sady, I didn't. Still, good hub. Informative, definitely.


Sam 4 years ago

Sure Cancer-Orphans the Disney version is more light hearted and unrealistic, but should kids really have to learn about how crappy reality is immediately? Trust me. They will have the rest of their lives to learn that sad truth. However Disney provides kids with happy and innocent childhoods, which is something every child deserves! Not to mention the morals in these stories really wouldn't pertain to kids to day! Most of us don't have to worry about wondering off in the woods because we live in citties or counties! You of course can have your opinion but these tales are not as suitable for kids as it was then. I'd. Rather my kids grow up on the" BS" of disney then these tales and when they are older they would probably come across a website like this and learn the truth, although they will of course know how crappy the world is by now...

The stories are interesting though! But nothing I would have watched everyday like the Disney movies so sorry! I have to agree with the commenters who liked disney better!


Helpin 4 years ago

IF YOU WANT TO SEE CINDERELLA'S STORY IN COMICS FORM..

you can see it here: http://manga.animea.net/covered-in-cinders-chapter...[Oneshot].html


Ilic 4 years ago

I was raised on these version of tales, not disney. I don't like how Disney very much watered down these fairy tales. I like the more gruesome versions of the stories. Disney feeds many kids 'BS', and makes life seem very much happy go lucky when it isn't. I find it better for kids to learn about cold truth of the world at young age. Also have you heard of story called The Juniper Tree? It was not made into film nor is there a watered down version of it, but it is a very interesting (and old) fairy tale. You should check it out. Also I'm going to stick with my more gruesome versions of stories instead of disney. Also please excuse my english. It is very bad I know.


megan 4 years ago

well, some may be gross, but they originally made this for grown ups. then, they remade them for smaller kids.


Kimmy 4 years ago

I started learning about these things on my own when I was like ten.the Grimms brother's wrote down like 211 stories.the watered down versions of them are the best for small children.Let your kids be kids man.


kashvi somani 4 years ago

THIS STORIES ARE JUST NOT GOOD. ITS SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO SO GOOD.

BYEEEE

GOOD NIGHT

SIYU

AND VERY IMPORTANT THING THAT I AM FROM AHMEDABAD, GUJARAT, INDIA


ZINNY RIG BALL 4 years ago

NOW I JUST CAME

BY HANDSOME

I AM YOURS

JUST YOURS GIRLFRIEND WILL YOU MARRY ME PLEASE

AND SPECIAL THING IS THAT

I AM FROM NOT INDIA LIKE NOT JUST OTHERS

KNOW NA ME

I AM ZENNY RIG BALL FROM LONDON

ENTER YOUR COMMENT AND I WILL SEE IT AFTER MY HOSPITAL

I JUST WANT TO MARRY YOU ONLY

BYEEEEEEEEEE

SIYU

AFTER MY HOSPITAL


sophie 4 years ago

i love the fairytales


afsdfad 4 years ago

What


Denise 4 years ago

I like the old version.


Emmandaline 4 years ago

Yeah... Then there are stories like Bluebeard, that are less well known, but also pretty gruesome. I wonder if the next generation of kids will add the frog prince, or thumbelina onto their list of disney-isms...


Jac 4 years ago

I love this version. Well, not the Italian Sleeping Beauty. I have an old Grimms' fairy tales book that was translated directly from German in 1924. Well, not the exact book, but you get the point. Anyways, I read it when I was like, 9, or something. No Disney crap for me :)And the stories are for children, however gory they are.


Daria 4 years ago

I actually read the original Grimms fairy tales book when I was 9yrs old, and I still remember how I freaked everybody at school with that book)


Noor 4 years ago

WOW, I can't believe children actually read stories like that, but they are much cooler than the lame Disney crap of today


Chloé 4 years ago

Whoa, that is disgusting! What was wrong with these people?! But all good stuff for my GCSE Photography project! :D Thanks!


CarlySullens profile image

CarlySullens 4 years ago from St. Louis, Missouri

Great hub. I love it.


yoginijoy profile image

yoginijoy 4 years ago from Mid-Atlantic, USA

It is rather odd how so many stories are, as you say, treatises on unacceptable behavior. What a very interesting hub! I enjoyed reading it. Thank you!


Kristi 2 years ago

It makes more sense (and it is used in an adaptation) that Allerleirah was found and taken to *another* (and this time, young) king's palace where she works as a servant.


Cee-Jay Aurinko profile image

Cee-Jay Aurinko 8 months ago from Cape Town, South Africa

I had no idea the fairy tales stemmed from such gruesome stories. Excellent post Wintermute.


Christian1990 8 months ago

Really interesting Hub! I used to listen to some fairy tales when I was a child, especially because the storyteller's voice was so cool and, of course, the medival music^^

And right now, I'm in the mood to listen to some of the original Fairy Tales and keep some moody music running in the background like this^^

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AOtFrZmxp3E&list=P...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4v0AQkZxQ8&nohtml...

Thanks for the great Hub again!


Tk 2 months ago

The Grimms versions were not the original fairytales. There are versions of these stories dating back to FEMALE aristocratic French writers of the 18th century.

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