How To Grow Peas in your Garden from Seed

How To Grow Peas in your Garden

Growing and Harvesting Peas. Peas are very easy to grow even if you have a small garden. The pea seed is very large so this makes it an ideal vegetable for children to grow too.

There are Step by step instructions with photos below

Growing Peas - Vegetable Garden

How To Grow Peas
How To Grow Peas

When to Plant Pea Seeds

The best time is early spring, here in Ireland that is March to April. There is an Irish saying we gardeners adhere to. 'Plant Peas before Paddy's Day', which is the 17th of March.

If the weather is still very cold in the spring then two weeks before you intend to sow the peas . cover the soil with a polythene sheet or straw. This will heat up the soil.

Planting some pea seeds into my garden. The seeds are large so ideal for children to grow
Planting some pea seeds into my garden. The seeds are large so ideal for children to grow
Peas planted in my garden with chicken  wire erected beside them to attach the peas as they grow larger
Peas planted in my garden with chicken wire erected beside them to attach the peas as they grow larger

How to Plant Peas

  • Find a place in your garden where you will have easy access to both sides of your pea terrace.
  • This will make it easier for you when you need to tie the tendrils and for picking the pea pods.
  • Create a raised bed where you intend to sow the pea seeds. The reason for doing this is that the soil in the raised bed gets warmer more quickly. This will speed up germination of your pea seeds.
  • Using a small spade or hoe make a deep hollow on the middle of the dirt.
  • This will create two trenches one on either side.
  • You can now place the support frame into the middle of the dirt.
  • I used two large bamboo sticks and wrapped and secured some chicken wire around each pole.
  • The chicken wire is perfect for growing peas on.

Growing Peas

Planting out the pea seedlings into the garden
Planting out the pea seedlings into the garden
The peas are growing nicely now that the weather is warmer
The peas are growing nicely now that the weather is warmer

Growing and Taking Care of the Peas

  • Pour in some water to the soil on the two mounds of compost.
  • Then sow your seeds.
  • Put them into the soil at about one inch deep which is approximately six centimetres. Place the seeds at least two inches apart which is approximately eight centimetres.
  • Pea seeds are large and easy to see so this planting process is made very easy.
  • Cover your pea seeds with a tiny amount of soil and flatten it down firmly.
  • If you are still experiencing very cold weather with snow and frost then you should protect the seeds by adding some straw or other mulch on top of the soil to keep it warm.
  • I would advice you to go ahead and plant in early spring even if the weather is still not very warm.
  • If you leave it too late then you will have your peas growing at full bloom during the very hot summer. Peas do not like consistently hot sun and their growth will be stunted.

Looking after the Pea Plants

  • It all depends on the weather as to how often you water the seeds and tender shoots.
  • Give them a good sprinkle of water once a week as they continue to grow taller.
  • Check on them every day and if you notice the soil is drying out give them another watering.
  • Be careful though because over watering the plants will also kill them..
  • As the plants start to grow larger and summer comes along water every few days or as needed.
  • If the soil gets too dry this will stop the pea plants from flowering and producing pods.
  • You can avoid this happening by adding some mulch around the surface once the plants reach a height of about five inches.
  • Once they reach this height it is time to begin the job of attaching them to your support.
  • You will see tiny tendrils on each plant. Gently curl these around your support.
  • The chicken wire is great for this as there are so many holes in the wire.
  • Check your plants every day from now on and see if they need to be supported.

There are plenty of flowers on these pea plants.  That means I will have lots of pea pods to pick soon
There are plenty of flowers on these pea plants. That means I will have lots of pea pods to pick soon
The peas are growing very well in this small garden.  They are well supported with the wrie
The peas are growing very well in this small garden. They are well supported with the wrie

Have you ever grown peas in your garden

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When to Harvest Your Peas

  • It takes about twelve to fifteen weeks for your pea plants to grow to maturity.
  • It all depends on your soil, the weather conditions and how well they were looked after.
  • Your plants should grow to a good height of about four to five feet.
  • First you will see lovely white flowers appearing.
  • These will eventually die and produce the pea pods.
  • The pods will grow from each flower and then each pod will fill up with peas.
  • At first the peas will be very small and thin. They will soon grow round and large within the pod

Know When your Peas are Ready to Pick

  • Your pea pods will always be ready at the bottom of the plant first.
  • So check these pods every day to see how the peas are growing.
  • When you can see the peas are round, big and full to bursting in the pod you know they should be picked.

Vegetable Gardening Tips

These pea pods are growing nicely.  The have not got any peas in the pods yet
These pea pods are growing nicely. The have not got any peas in the pods yet
These pods are starting to grow the peas inside them.  notice the bottom pods are a lot fuller of peas than the top
These pods are starting to grow the peas inside them. notice the bottom pods are a lot fuller of peas than the top

How to Remove the Pea Pods from the Plants

  • Harvest from the bottom of the plants first.
  • Have a secateurs or a sharp scissors ready.
  • Take a pod in one hand and pull towards you.
  • This will leave the end of it exposed enough to make a clean cut.
  • Place in a container and continue with the others.
  • Never pull the pods off with your hands as this will damage the rest of the plant.
  • The shock will prevent the plants from producing any more growth to the remaining pods.
  • When you remove the fully grown pods from the plant there is more room for other pods to develop and produce even more peas.

Garden Peas

Cut the pods that are full of ripe peas with a Secators or sharp scissors
Cut the pods that are full of ripe peas with a Secators or sharp scissors
Lots of peas I picked in my garden
Lots of peas I picked in my garden

Planting Seeds Inside or Straight into the Ground

Last year the spring weather was still very cold and frosty here in Ireland. I decided to plant some pea seeds in compost in a tray and under shelter. But I also planted some straight into the ground and covered these with mulch.

I transplanted the growing seedlings from my cold frame once they reached about five inches in height. The plants in the ground were smaller at first but both methods were successful as the smaller plants soon caught up once the weather got warmer.

How To Grow Peas in a Small garden
How To Grow Peas in a Small garden

How to Plant Pea Seeds in Containers

I filled a small tray with compost and then placed half a cardboard toilet roll in it. I placed one seed in each. I watered as normal because the cardboard allowed the water to penetrate to the seed.

When it was time to transplant the seedlings into the ground I was able to plant each one without damaging the roots. I cut the cardboard away from the small plant and placed in the soil outside.

All images are the copyright of L.M.Reid unless otherwise stated

One Pea Seed is planted in each cardboard slot
One Pea Seed is planted in each cardboard slot
These are the peas I sowed in the cold frame.  They are ready to be put in the ground now
These are the peas I sowed in the cold frame. They are ready to be put in the ground now

How To Grow Peas

As you can see from the photos I had a very successful crop of peas last year. If you have the room they are a very easy and fun vegetable to grow with children. The kids can see the peas actually growing bigger with the pods. If they have grown their own vegetables children are more inclined to eat them too.

Fresh Peas from my Garden

Some of the peas I picked from my garden
Some of the peas I picked from my garden
A meal I made with my home grown peas
A meal I made with my home grown peas
Peas are a very tasty vegetable when added to a meal
Peas are a very tasty vegetable when added to a meal
My own peas I grew in the garden is on this dinner plate
My own peas I grew in the garden is on this dinner plate

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11 comments

ResearchBeast profile image

ResearchBeast 2 years ago

This is a very complete how to hubpage. Nicely done. I have bookmarked it for when we get our garden going, which should be fairly soon.


Writer Fox profile image

Writer Fox 2 years ago from the wadi near the little river

Your photos add so much to this article. They are absolutely inspiring! Enjoyed your garden and voted up.


DeborahNeyens profile image

DeborahNeyens 2 years ago from Iowa

Peas are one of my very favorite things to grow. I love picking them and eating them right off the vine.


viking305 profile image

viking305 2 years ago from Ireland Author

Hello ReseachBeast Peas are a great vegetable to grow. Yes I can not wait for the weather to get better and I too can get out in the garden and start to grow things again


viking305 profile image

viking305 2 years ago from Ireland Author

WriterFox thank you for your kind comments. I take the photos especially for my hubs and my gardening blog but it is great to look back at how the vegetable was started and how it grew.

The weather has been very bad here since Christmas so looking at the photos I took last year lifts my spirits too.


viking305 profile image

viking305 2 years ago from Ireland Author

Hello DeborahNeyens Yes peas taste lovely raw, I also put them in a salad picking them when I am ready to serve it.


kerlund74 profile image

kerlund74 2 years ago from Sweden

An amazing guide with all information needed. My children love these peas. I plant them every year. Bu tlast year we have moved and they was placed in shadow. That was not a success...


bluebird profile image

bluebird 2 years ago

Great hub! Enjoyed the pictures too. Peas really are fun to pick and eat raw, they are sweet and tasty. And from this hub, it looks like they would be fun to grow as well! Thanks for sharing! and inspiring us to grow a garden!


AVailuu profile image

AVailuu 2 years ago from Augusta, Ga

Quality internet content! I only hope to put out articles this in depth one day. Your documentation is wholesome and authentic. Great work.


Kalmiya profile image

Kalmiya 2 years ago from North America

I love green peas and with your very detailed instructions may attempt to grow some this year. It's first week of March here in S. Ontario Canada so still minus temperatures so may start some indoors later in the month. Voted up!


viking305 profile image

viking305 2 years ago from Ireland Author

That is a shame your peas did not grow well last year kerlund74, I hope you have a better crop this year.

Growing peas is quite easy bluebird and great to pick and eat. Why not give it a try this year.

Thank you AVailuu for your kind comment. It helps a lot when you are writing about something that you really care about and know how to do.

The temperatures here in Ireland are still very cold too Kalmiya . I have my seed potatoes ready to plant but like yourself I think the peas, beans and potatoes will have to wait for a few more weeks.

If you love to eat peas do have a go at growing some this year because the taste is superior and they are fun to grow.

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