Easy Step-by-Step Guide to Planting Flowers, Gardening and Mulching for Beginners

Beautiful Flowers
Beautiful Flowers


Planting flowers can enhance the beauty of your lawn and provide a colorful landscape in your garden. If you are new to planting flowers, it can be a bit overwhelming to know where to begin, what flowers to plant, how often to water flowers, and how to maintain your garden. You don't have to be an expert to plant flowers and embark on gardening.

Where Do I Begin?

With a few simple goals in mind, a little motivation, and a little hard work, planting flowers can be a rewarding experience.

First, select an area of your lawn or yard where you would like to plant flowers. Take a picture of the area (on your cell phone) and bring with you when picking out flowers.

Next, visit your favorite gardening center and purchase some flowers, keeping size, color and how much sun the flowers need. Try to select colors that will compliment your home. Ask the gardening experts lots of questions while you there, especially if your not sure about which plants to purchase for the different areas of your garden around your house. In addition, you will need to estimate how many plants to purchase based on the size of the area where you will be planting.

Gardening Supplies
Gardening Supplies

What Kind of Gardening Tools Do I Need?

In addition to purchasing flowers to plant, you'll need to purchase the following supplies:

  • Gloves (I would recommend a sturdy pair of mud gloves, rather than cloth gardening gloves, which are sturdy for planting and easy to wash)
  • Top soil
  • Gardening shovel
  • Gardening rake
  • Gardening fork (especially for weeding)
  • Watering can

Optional but recommended if you are weeding or would like to prevent weeds:

  • Weeding bucket (to collect weeds and debris)
  • Tarp and pins
  • pruning shears
  • Bags of mulch, in color and type of your choice (# of bags depends on size of area you are covering; I usually buy 8-10 bags to cover areas around front of house)

Weeding and Preparing the Ground/Soil

After purchasing your flowers and supplies, get excited and ready to do some planting! First, you need to do a little preparation. Is the area you want to plant flowers full of weeds or old mulch? If so, first, clear the area where you will be planting of any weeds, and rake the area a bit to remove any old mulch and debris.

If necessary, line up your flower plants along side where you are planning on planting them, so you can get an idea of how far apart to plant each one.

Preparing to plant flowers
Preparing to plant flowers
Laying tarp down before planting to prevent weeds
Laying tarp down before planting to prevent weeds

Laying Tarp Down to Prevent Weeds

If the area you will be planting in, tends to be a high weed area, consider putting tarp down to try to prevent weeds. Although this will not prevent all weeds, it will help to block weeds around your plants.

If you're not laying tarp down, you can skip to the next step to start planting.

If laying tarp down, first, unroll and cut pieces of tarp (rolls of tarp can be purchased from your gardening store).

Adhere the tarp to the ground by placing tarp pins along the corners of the tarp. Then, cut openings in the tarp (a little wider than the width of the plant), for each location where you planning on planting a flower plant. See photograph below:

Adhering gardening tarp down before planting
Adhering gardening tarp down before planting

Next, for each dig a hole slightly wider and deeper than the plant.

Loosen the plant and then remove it from the container you purchased it in, then place it in the hole, making sure that the base of the plant is level with the surrounding soil.

Add top soil as needed and pack down the soil around the plant.

Repeat for each plant.

Planting flowers and adding top soil
Planting flowers and adding top soil

When you are finishing planting all your flowers, remove any excess soil from on top of the tarp to prevent weed growth.

Next, add 1 to 2 inches of mulch around your plants.

Finally, water all your flowers thoroughly.

Here are some pictures of how the flowers looked after mulching:

Multicolored Celosia Flowers
Multicolored Celosia Flowers
Pink and White Petunias
Pink and White Petunias

Continue watering your plants daily, or according to instructions based on the type of plant you purchased.

Suggested Annuals for Planting

Here are some suggestions for colorful annuals to plant:

  • begonias (light: sun/part sun/shade)
  • petunias (light: sun/part sun)
  • pansies (light: sun/part sun)
  • african marigold (light: sun)
  • impatiens (light: shade)

Good Resources With Alphabetical List of Annuals and Perennials

I found an excellent resource for descriptions of annual and perennials on the Best Homes and Gardens website.

Here's the website for the alphabetic listing of annuals with pictures:

Easy-to-follow video on planting flowers:

Go Green When Controlling Pests in Your Garden

© 2012 Amelia Griggs

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Comments 22 comments

carol7777 profile image

carol7777 4 years ago from Arizona

Now that I have perfect instructions...I just have to do it. We have terrible soil here and often talk about raised beds. Maybe we will wait until spring. I will bookmark this for that future date. Great hub and worthy UP.

Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

Your beds look beautiful. I have never used a tarp but it would surely cut down on the weeding! I do mulch however and that really helps. Even if the weeds make it through the mulch, they are easier to pull. Up and useful votes and will share.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Thanks for your comment, carol7777. It takes a little work, but afterwards when you step back and admire the beauty of the flowers you planted, it is so well worth it!



Sinea Pies profile image

Sinea Pies 4 years ago from Northeastern United States

Your gardens are so beautiful. I have to admit, tarping seems like so much work but it's obvious here that it's worth it. This is a very good hub for anyone who wants to take their gardening seriously. Voted up and beautiful and shared! In fact, I am going to add a link to my hub about Mulch. It'll be a wonderful addition.

Pavlo Badovskyy profile image

Pavlo Badovskyy 4 years ago from Kyiv, Ukraine

Hi, we never tried to use tarping but I know that many people do it and your hub is a good example of it. I have to try it again.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Thank you, Peggy W. I was happier with the way the petunias turned out. The Celosia flowers were also beautiful for the spring months, but the area where they were plants is extra sunny and the flowers got extra thirsty, and dried out faster.

As far as the tarp, it definitely helps, and lots of mulch too!

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Thank you, Sinea Pies, and much appreciated. Tarping is more work, but that area gets so many weeds. The area where I planted the petunias doesn't get as many weeks, so not tarp was needed there...horray!

One thing about the petunias is that someone warned me that they tend to spread a bit over time, and that they did. Now that fall has arrived, I pulled the flowers out and will replant in the spring. I loved the petunias, but I want to try impatiens next year because I heard they stay closer to the ground.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

It's worth it if you have an area that is very sunny and tends to get a lot of weeds. I also liked that method more so than using poison spray which will damage the grass. Glad you liked the hub. :-)

StephanieBCrosby profile image

StephanieBCrosby 4 years ago from New Jersey

Beautifully done and useful. You write a lot of pertinent information for novices and those with some experience. Thanks for sharing.

Dobson profile image

Dobson 4 years ago from Virginia

You present this information in a great step by step way that I am sure many gardeners will love to discover. You obviously have a good grasp of the best concepts to having great looking and low maintenance flower beds. Nice job!

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Thanks for your comment, Dobson. I'm glad your found the hub helpful. :-). I think trial and error helps a lot to identify what works best.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

I'm happy to hear that you found this hub helpful, Stephanie. I appreciate your comments. I just love to write detailed instructions and with gardening, that was lots of room for details!

jessefutch profile image

jessefutch 4 years ago from North Carolina

We love garden in my house. There are some great tips here. Voted and shared.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Thanks, jessfutch. Glad that you found the gardening tips helpful. :-)

Jim and Laura profile image

Jim and Laura 4 years ago from Chicago area

Great information and beautiful photos on your Hub! I agree a sturdy pair of mud gloves is the way to go when planting & weeding.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Thanks for your comment, Jim and Laura. Glad you liked the hub and photos. :-) As far as gloves, over the years, I used to buy the cloth kind, and they wouldn't hold up, then a nice lady in the store told me that mud gloves are the way to go, and she was so right!

Londonlady profile image

Londonlady 4 years ago

I wish I would have read this before trying to plant my Mimosa Pudica. I planted the seeds way too deep and for a week and a half I wondered why nothing was sprouting. Thankfully I still have some little plants now, they managed to sprout. Voted up!

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Glad your flowers sprouted. :-). I think with trial and error, we can all make our lawns beautiful...happy planting!



mizjo profile image

mizjo 4 years ago from New York City, NY

Lovely hub on my favorite subject, gardening. I used all your methods when I had a garden in upstate New York . Now I have a small window garden in my little city apartment and bugs aren't much of a problem. I'm going to link your hub to my hub about 'growing food'.

Thanks for the nice read. Voted UP.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Hello mizjo,

That's great to hear! I'm sure your window garden looks beautiful. :-)

And thanks for voting this up.

Regards and Happy Planting,


Jmillis2006 profile image

Jmillis2006 4 years ago from North Carolina

I may try the tips you have provided here, I really like the look of a nice garden but my green thumb seems to be the thumb of death to plants, as I can never keep them alive.

easylearningweb profile image

easylearningweb 4 years ago Author

Give it a try, Jmillis2006, and you may be surprised how easy planting can be. With a little elbow grease and some ready-to-grow plants, you can have a garden in no time. I just watered each day especially the first couple of weeks. I do better with outdoor plants, because with indoor plants I can never seem to get the right light and water. Good luck!

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