How To Grow Potatoes In A Garbage Can

How to Grow Potatoes in a Garbage Can

What could be simpler than growing your own pesticide-free potatoes in a garbage can? Maybe growing 2 different varieties in 2 different cans!

I saw this idea in Sunset magazine probably 15 years ago and have always wanted to do it - now more than ever as we have very limited backyard space and the terrain is not conducive at all to growing potatoes. Potatoes take a lot of space to grow. I have grown them in the ground though and the yield was fantastic, the quality superb. This seems like an excellent alternative for us, as we live in high mountain dessert and our growing season can be frustrating from frost. We also have 2 very huge dogs and dogs and accessible gardens are a tough combination.

Public Domain Photo Wikicommons
Public Domain Photo Wikicommons


It is recommended to start these potatoes around St. Patrick's Day but in some climates, April or May is preferred. Seed potatoes can be purchased at any garden center or nursery and are relatively inexpensive. The 'recipe' says that just planting one batch will yield an entire trash can full of potatoes by fall.

  • Clean 30-32 gallon plastic or metal garbage can with lid
  • Drill and a 1/2 inch drill bit
  • Seed potatoes (you can use regular potatoes but most are treated to prevent sprouting so seed potatoes are recommended to give the most yield)
  • Potting soil - good quality that will drain well - 1 large bag (3 cubic feet)
  • 1 cup per can of fertilizer of the 5-10-10 variety - you want lower nitrogen content as higher nitrogen content will give you lots of leaves but fewer potatoes
  • Compost, organic preferred - we buy ours in bags from the local feed store

One Variation on Planting

  1. Drill holes in the bottom of the trash can to make sure you have proper drainage
  2. Also drill a few holes in the outside walls of the trash can about 3-6 inches from the bottom to encourage good drainage as without proper drainage, the potatoes will rot quickly
  3. Place about 2/3 of the bag of potting soil into the can and mix with 1 cup of fertilizer
  4. Seed potatoes that are small can go in 'as is' (should have at least 3 eyes). Larger seed potatoes should be cut with no less than 3 eyes per piece. (The eye is that spot where the roots will start to grow out). Roughly use 4 'starts' per can or 4 portions of potato so you don't need a lot
  5. Let the cut sides of the seed potatoes dry out before planting
  6. Plant the seed potatoes in the potting soil/fertilizer mix about 5 inches apart and then cover with the remainder of the potting soil
  7. Place your trash can in an area that receives about 4-6 hours of direct sunlight. If there is danger of frost, you can put the lid on the trash can at night but remember to take it off come morning or the plants may die
  8. Water thoroughly - you want the soil to remain moist at all times but not soggy while they grow. If the soil dries out, it will make the potatoes have a funny shape
  9. On really hot days, check and recheck the soil to make sure it is staying moist and it probably will need to be watered at least daily - move the plants to a shadier location if excessive heat
  10. You will be able to see the plants start to come up through the soil. As the plants start to grow taller, now add compost around the stems but keep the leaves uncovered
  11. As they grow a little more, add more compost - same as above. By the end of the growing season for the potatoes, you should be able to fill the rest of the can with compost, but always keep the leaves exposed
  12. Again, keep watering and make sure the soil stays moist at all times though not soggy
  13. In the fall, you will have flowers that begin to fade away and grow things that resemble berries. If you reach into the can and harvest a few potatoes, they will be small new potatoes - but eat them shortly after harvesting as they spoil more rapidly
  14. Add more compost or cover the stems back up and after the green of the plant has started to dry up and die back, that means that it is time to harvest
  15. Get a tarp and simply dump the soil of the trash can out onto the tarp and harvest your potatoes!
  16. Store in a cool place. Recycle the soil from the trash into a flower garden - do not use it to regrow vegetables but it is fine for flower gardens after harvesting


A Second Variation on Planting

  • The preparation of the trash can is the same as far as drilling holes is concerned.  This version is a layered version and goes like this:
  • Layer 1 - Place a layer of shredded newspaper or shredded junk mail.  This supposedly keeps the soil in from draining out the bottom when watering.  It also keeps the soil moist
  • Layer 2 - Put in 3-4 inches of potting soil or garden dirt.  The author of this method claims that you can even grow the potatoes without the dirt and that this layer is optional
  • Layer 3 - Add pieces of cut potato that have eyes.  Use 1 or more inches of potato behind and around the eye to provide plant nourishment.  This author uses store-bought potatoes and finds that they work - so add either seed potatoes here or store-bought cut to the appropriate dimensions above
  • Layer 4 - Cover the potato pieces with about 2-3 inches more of shredded newspaper or shredded junk mail, straw, peat moss, or whatever is available such as compost or dirt.  Water until you see water coming out of the drain holes.  You must never let layer 1 become dry! It is also important by this method not to let the potatoes sit in soggy conditions. 
  • Layer 5 - After the potatoes grow to 2-4 inches above the last layer, cover the plants leaving leaves exposed with more shredded paper, newspaper, straw, peat moss, compost and/or dirt - make sure 1 inch of plants is showing.  Continue to do this until the plants are growing taller than the container or trash can and then add sticks so that they will not fall over and break the plants

Points To Remember

  • You want an environment that is moist but not soggy - while seedlings are growing, cover with the lid at night to protect from cold but remove lid during the day
  • Some people add a little dirt with the newspaper or straw layers
  • Some people add fertilizer - the author claims to have grown potatoes without fertilizer and they grew just fine
  • Add wheels to the bottom of the trash can for ease in moving
  • When you see potato flowers, that is when you can harvest some 'new' potatoes
  • When the flowers start to fade and the stalks turn to yellow, then die down, your potatoes will be ready to harvest - at end of summer/early fall
  • You should have a full trash can full of potatoes - just pour out onto a tarp and harvest.  Dispose of the trash and store in a cool, dry place

In summary, I think I may combine both of these ideas and see how it turns out. I think I will make a bottom layer of shredded paper or newspaper to assure that the soil does not leak out and then proceed with the dirt and compost variation though I may mix in some shredded newspaper, paper and straw to create more air and space within the trash can.

I plan on using some of the fertilizer on mine as long as it is a good organic fertilizer and will use potting soil and compost that are clean or organic if possible.

This idea supposedly also works in other containers but for ease of use and portability, etc. I think the trash can sounds like a winner. Also putting wheels under it for easy moving on extremely hot days sounds perfect.

You can purchase seed potatoes in several varieties as well. This does take the land requirement out of growing your own organic potatoes and it seems like a relatively easy way to do it! I dug potatoes last fall and they lasted us through the entire winter. They were delicious but were a lot of hard work to dig. They also were pretty expensive though well worth the effort and the price in taste and quality.

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Comments 71 comments

LaniK profile image

LaniK 5 years ago from Minnesota

This is so interesting! I'm bookmarking this, I'd like to try it.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Vocalcoach - so glad you are getting a kick out of my hubs~ I've posted a few more on the Internet as I've learned a few tricks along the way - if you see gnats or anything, buy an eco-friendly spray (oil based or citrus usually) and kill those buggers~ Mine are doing awesome this year and can't wait until summer's end for the harvest!!

vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

Another hub to add to my collection, and what a fantastic hub it is! Forwarding this on to family and getting started on thiss right away. Another big thanks to you, Audrey. I am a huge fan! UP, UP and UP!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks for the read jmscooper and rihsam10 - appreciate you stopping by.

rihsam10 profile image

rihsam10 5 years ago

wow..great hub

jmscooper04 5 years ago

Nice's a great idea..!I will try this at home..thanks for giving enough information on how to plant potatoes in a garbage can.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Florist - good luck~! It's a neat way to grow them that's for sure.

florist 5 years ago

Great hub, I never thought of growing potatoes in a garbage Can,someone said they even tastes better, will try it definitely.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

mlj - Thanks so much for your WONDERFUL analogy of what happens sometimes. That happened to be last year too and I can't figure it out either. I got more potatoes than you did but they were doing wonderfully and then stalled out. I could find no bugs - so I'm thinking it was the watering. My hubby would go out and water and water thinking they must be dry --or it could be the paper shred as you say. I have a batch of seedling potatoes and I'm starting out shortly - I'm going to try to do 2 batches and see which one works - with the shred and without - but my husband is forbidden to water them....ever! I told him I'd take the responsibility of seeing to it!! Hope you try it again and if you do...come back and lend me your news! Also if you do the sweet potatoes - I may try that at the same time. Just need to find a window in my day to get them planted. I also will try and take pics and post them up this time!

mlj 5 years ago

ok, so i just "harvested". from 3 original whole small red potatoes, i got one big one, 4 medium, and 8 or so ones a little smaller than ping pong balls. enough for a meal for two. i started with a busted up black plastic trashcan, put a layer of shred in the bottom, put a cubic foot-ish of purchased organic compost in, placed 3 store bought organic red potatoes burrowed into the dirt (tried a bunch of nurseries, but on oahu no one seems to carry seed potatoes), and layered on 4 inches or so of shred. if it didn't rain for a couple days, i watered it. the plants shot up to the top of the trashcan in maybe 4 weeks. they seemed to stall right below the rim of the trash can and grow no more. eventually i saw a couple flowers form but never really bloom. a month later the plants had pretty much shriveled up.

i kept them in all day sun and day time temps are around 83 here with nighttime dropping to a cool 68 on a quite cold night.

my harvest was less than impressive. the potatoes that formed, formed right above the starter potatoes -so pretty much right on top of the dirt. no more potatoes grew up the approximately 24 inch tall stems.

so, in sum, not sure what went wrong. 1 theory: the paper shred was not so good. there was no root system or potatoes to be found in that layer. a second theory: something caused the plant to die off prematurely, like over or under watering or disease. i saw no signs at all of a bug problem. a third theory: nobody seems to be growing potatoes in hawaii (sweet potatoes are another story), and there is a good reason why, namely temperature.

hope this info helps somebody else. it was a fun experiment all in all. i may repeat it with either all soil or mix the shred in with soil. the problem is that soil doesn't come cheap in hawaii and there is a point where it just makes more sense to buy the potatoes. i may also try sweet potatoes in a trash can.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Jetta17- I totally agree with you - it is SO cool to grow them this way and I agree that seed potatoes are the way to go! I'm going to be doing several varieties this year. We only did 1 this last year to see how they would do in our climate and I'm wishing I'd done more!

jetta17 profile image

jetta17 5 years ago

This is truly the best way to grow potatoes. I have grown potatoes in trash cans for a couple years now to free extra space in the garden. Seed potatoes are the way to go. I've found that even organic potatoes from the store will never produce as much yields as the actual seed potatoes. Great Hub, I'll be following

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Dr Irum - Thanks for commenting - and they even taste fantastic!

Dr irum profile image

Dr irum 5 years ago

Very nice gardening tips to grow own potatoes in a garbage can .Thats very nice idea if we have little space .

akirchner profile image

akirchner 5 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks very much for stopping by, Bob - it is a lot of fun!

bob9125 profile image

bob9125 5 years ago from United States

Great hub! I will keep the idea in mind.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Cool etherealenigma - it's a great time of year to start hoping and dreaming about working outside! Thanks for reminding me!

Etherealenigma profile image

Etherealenigma 6 years ago from Florida

Very cool. I'm getting such great ideas here on hubpages for my upcoming garden. Thanks.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Eatlikenoone - It really is a great way to do potatoes and everyone gets to interested in it. The neighbors thought it was quite entertaining and they are thinking of doing it as well now!

eatlikenoone profile image

eatlikenoone 6 years ago from Saline, MI

Very interesting ideas here. I will be referring back to this hub when I begin my growing season. I want to grow potatoes this year, but I wasn't sure how I was going to do it because my soil is hard and full of clay.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks chspublish for stopping in~ I used to grow them in the backyard years ago and I loved them but you are right - lots of space and took a long time to grow them. Then when I got dogs and BIG dogs, it just became impossible so this totally works for me! I will write a hub on the sweet potatoes or other things I decide to try in the spring!

chspublish profile image

chspublish 6 years ago from Ireland

Great hub about the pratai (irish for potatoes). I always wanted to try this, but I nvever had enough information to give it ago, until your hub came along with its great detail and information. Can't wait till next March to begin. Potatoes do take up a lot of space and a long time, relatively speaking, to grow. So this is a very space saving idea and plan. Will wait to see how you get on with the sweet potato. Thanks.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks for stopping by happydogs - I'm going to try it with sweet potatoes I think next year. It truly does work and it's just an awesome space saver.

happydogs profile image

happydogs 6 years ago from Treasure Coast, Florida

Interesting hub! I have never heard of anyone growing potatoes in a garbage can before.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks for stopping by, Die'Dre' - it is a wonderful way to grow stuff and feel like you are really growing! I love all parts of gardening but our climate here makes it a bit of a challenge. Glad you liked it!

Die'Dre' profile image

Die'Dre' 6 years ago from The Great Pacific Northwest

This is a GREAT hub, packed with information. I can't wait to grow potatoes next garden season. I'm now preparing my LITTLE garden for winter, and miss gardening already. This garbage can method will expand my gardening space. Thanks much.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks for stopping by, Katie and it turned out awesome this year for us. They were delicious!

katiem2 profile image

katiem2 6 years ago from I'm outta here

I love the idea of gardening in a garbage can. I will be using this as I have a small garden space and this is a great way to have your potatoes and grow them to! Thanks for how to grow you own potatoes in a garbage can. It's so cool! :)

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks Indoor Greenhouse Guy for stopping in. It really is a super efficient way to grow things without much space.

Indoor Greenhouse Guy 6 years ago

Great hub, thanks for the tips! I grow a lot of produce indoors but I've never thought of trying potatoes. I haven't got a great deal of room but this is a great sounding technique that doesn't take up your whole back yard! I'm going to give it a go and see what happens. Thank you!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Wayne - Thanks for the read! It really does work - have my one can out in the front yard and just waiting to be able to dump them out and store them away. Next year, gonna do at least 2 and maybe an extra one with sweet potatoes if I confirm that they'll grow that way. I haven't grown things in quite some time except herbs and a few tomatoes so it's been a fun 'project'~!

Wayne Brown profile image

Wayne Brown 6 years ago from Texas

Interesting stuff...we may all need to grow our own stuff again some day if things keep going as such! Thanks for a very well presented subject and an enjoyable read! WB

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Lamme - Try it - it is SO awesome! I can hardly wait to harvest them. I have grown them in the ground but this is a great space saving way to grow them - and keep them from my malamutes' chomping teeth!

Lamme profile image

Lamme 6 years ago

Wow, I always wanted to grow potatoes but never thought I could do it. This sounds like a great way to try! Thanks.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks for stopping in, Sonny! I'm going to try more than 1 variety next year and some sweet potatoes or yams if I can....thanks for reading!

SONNY SIROIS profile image

SONNY SIROIS 6 years ago from Fort Fairfield, Maine

This is REALLY neat. I'm going to try this for next growing season - may try carrots Thanks for sharing!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Dgicre - I should have thought of that! Great idea. I just bought some styrofoam ice chests at the Dollar Tree and made up some little containers for growing beets, carrots and turnips to keep away from my malamutes but next year will have to do the galvanized troughs although will have to put them in the front yard most likely!

dgicre profile image

dgicre 6 years ago from USA

Great info Kim, this year I bought some galvanized cattle water troughs, poked holes in the bottom and filled with really good dirt. My garden is doing great!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks, Kim - it actually is sitting outside right now percolating is a totally awesome way to grow potatoes.

kims3003 6 years ago

Great hub with lots of good information A+!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Super - I actually used paper in the bottom but then decided to add potting soil just because it sounded 'too weird'....but do follow up and let me know if sawdust works!

Rebecca 6 years ago

has any one tried the paper, my work has tons, I think I may try that, I will have to follow up. I know of some one who is using sawdust. It's their first time though

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks so much for stopping by Deborah! Good luck with it and I hope it works really, really great.

Deborah Demander profile image

Deborah Demander 6 years ago from First Wyoming, then THE WORLD

I am just getting ready to plant potatoes for the first time, and was wondering how. And then I found you. Thanks for a great hub.


akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Yes they do - that would be a perfect setting for growing these - thanks so much for commenting!

Cheeky Girl profile image

Cheeky Girl 6 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

Interesting hub! I never knew spuds could be grown like this! I would love to have my own garden. Apartments have their limitations.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Super - it makes sense for us folks with little to no space for gardening. Thanks so much for commenting.

Hendrika profile image

Hendrika 6 years ago from Pretoria, South Africa

My husband loves growing veggies. We stay in a town house now so he loves this idea of growing potatoes in a trash can. He is going to try it.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

I know - I love them homegrown but since 'dog days' with giant paws, we have not been able to plant them in the ground (and lack of space to be honest because most of our backyard sits on a huge slope). It seems so simple I have to believe it will work like a charm! That is if we ever get above freezing (although today is actually supposed to be 'nice' - we shall see)! Thanks for commenting, Holle!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia

I've grown plenty of "taters," but never in a garbage can!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks so much for commenting, febriedethan and hope you have a fine yield!

febriedethan profile image

febriedethan 6 years ago from Indonesia

Wow..I love this, and have already bookmarked it. I will try it, since I got many of garbage cans, thank you for sharing! Have a great day!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks! I thought it sounded so cool as well and know it works because other folks have said they did it or variations of gotta try it too.

vegetablegarden profile image

vegetablegarden 6 years ago from New England

With all my years of gardening this is one I haven't tried. Thanks for the great info and the inspiration. Can't wait to give it a try.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

That is a neat memory to bring to mind so glad I could help -I think generations before us were so much better at using everything and doing things in such a good, clean, conservative way. This method does appeal to me because it is some way that I can get back to growing things which I love and do it with the space (and malamutes) that I have! Thanks so much for commenting.

Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 6 years ago from Houston, Texas

This brought back memories of my grandfather's potato "hollow" area where each year while living in the countryside of Wisconsin he grew loads of potatoes and also sunflowers. The regular garden was up closer to the house. We had root cellars where the potatoes and carrots and onions would last all year until the next harvest. Thanks for the memories!

As to growing them in a can...inventive way to do it for someone with little space.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon Author

The carbs thing I'm not sure -think we are stuck with them but the methodology for growing them works. Thanks so much for stopping by!

Austinstar profile image

Austinstar 6 years ago from Somewhere in the universe

I love fresh new potatoes and will try this method or the one about Texas. Now, how do you get the carbs out of them?

akirchner profile image

akirchner 7 years ago from Central Oregon Author

It works really well for small spaces and folks like me who still want to grow something. Thanks for tagging me. Audrey

prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

Nice tips and easy to follow. Thanks for this information. It useful for me. I'll start to plant. thanks

akirchner profile image

akirchner 7 years ago from Central Oregon Author

That's what I say, too - my hubby stores hoses and sleeping bags sometimes and even soccer balls in plastic trash cans but think he's gonna be losing a couple this year! I really like the idea of being able to turn them out because I've grown them in the ground before and they truly do take up a lot of room - but they were SOOOO delicious! Wish I had more yard but then I'm sure my mals would still shoot me in the foot by the time I was done with it!

Ben Zoltak profile image

Ben Zoltak 7 years ago from Lake Mills, Jefferson County, Wisconsin USA

Pretty interesting, whodahthunkit? I'm not sure whatever's been in my old garbage cans would make good tasting potatoes! But I love the idea of recycling and using a container you already have laying around, great article!

akirchner profile image

akirchner 7 years ago from Central Oregon Author

There are 2 ways of doing it if you'll notice and you can decide to use or not to use the soil - if you use the soil - it is 3 cubic feet per trash can. You can also buy a roller thing for the bottom so that the weight won't matter - but if you use no soil and you use paper filler, then it would be lighter. I have no idea in terms of pounds how much it would weigh but just because we have variable weather where we live, will spend the extra and put a roller thing under it just in case. As to the cost of the spuds....even with falling prices - I prefer organic and I prefer to know what goes into what I grow if it is at all possible and since you end up paying about 3-4 times MORE for organic things or relatively untreated fruits and vegetables, I'm thinking I have to come out on top with this! Thanks for stopping by.....I am sure too it all depends on what variety of potatoes you plant as to weight and how much soil you use, how wet it is, etc.....

Hi-Jinks profile image

Hi-Jinks 7 years ago from Wisconsin

As you are planting these potatoes, how much soil (cost) do you use per "pot?"

Are you saving money when potatoes by the end of the season are going for 10 cents a pound?

Also how heavy is the garbage can?

akirchner profile image

akirchner 7 years ago from Central Oregon Author

That I'm not sure of but it gets down to 30's here at night in the summer and I think it says that if you just put the lid on in terms of low temps and then take it off when it warms back up.....I'm gonna give it a try but I know living in high mountain dessert we are going to have to be very vigilant about lid on/lid off! Audrey

LeonJane profile image

LeonJane 7 years ago from Australia

Thanks for this hub, I'll have to try and find potatoes that can grow in a winter heat of 15 degrees C (60 degrees F) and a summer of 35 degress C (95 degrees F). Maybe I am best sticking to sweet potatoes (yams).

akirchner profile image

akirchner 7 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Thanks ladies....I usually do herbs too and last year did tomatoes and even squash and lettuce but decided this was the year I'm going to try the trash can potatoes although will have to move them to the side of our yard away from the gigantor puppy! I'll have to post a followup after I do it this time. Audrey

suziecat7 profile image

suziecat7 7 years ago from Asheville, NC

Great Hub as usual. I'm going to try this this year.

alekhouse profile image

alekhouse 7 years ago from Louisville, Kentucky

Wow! this is so interesting. And you did a great job writing this hub! I love container gardens; only I usually just grow herbs. But thanks for this.

akirchner profile image

akirchner 7 years ago from Central Oregon Author

Exactly! I just added those seeds because I guess they are the 'new wave' - but I'm going to go buy the seed potatoes themselves. The one author says you can use store bought but they supposedly are treated so I'm going to go with the seed potatoes in chunks and see what happens - I saw that thing on the garbage bag too so may just try both! I am totally with you on the food sources. The frightening part is that we don't know HALF of what is in our food so I'm all about growing whatever I can as organically as I can with whatever space I can make and keep my dogs from eating it! Thanks again for stopping by....Audrey

BkCreative profile image

BkCreative 7 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

Brilliant! And it does work. Maybe I read the same Sunset mag about 15 or so years ago - so I tried it in a garbage bag - and grew a few perfect potatoes.

You know what - we can probably grow far more (healthy) food that we know. We are so far removed from our food supply - which has been seriously corrupted.

I didn't use seeds - my instructions said to cut off the eyes of healthy potatoes. It is important to go organic as mentioned. Right now unless we buy organic potatoes, all others are heavily sprayed.

Thanks for this great and very thorough hub - you've covered it all!

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