Houseplants for Beginners - How to Choose the Best Plant

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Buying a houseplant is fun and a relatively inexpensive purchase. But before you buy even the cheapest plant, do a little research to make sure you are getting a plant that will thrive under your care.

Consider the lighting in your home and in the area where to wish to keep a plant. Think about how much time you are willing to devote to a plant. Does it matter if the plant is poisonous? Many houseplants are toxic; safe enough for adults, but not for small children or animals.

If you are just getting started, and keeping plants in your home is new for you, start off with something that is easy to maintain, something tough, and cheap. Killing an easy to find inexpensive plant is not nearly as bad as killing that fabulous and expensive exotic.

Buying a New Houseplant

Take a good look at all the plants in the store. Do they look healthy? Are they clean and free of dust? Are the stems turgid, the growth compact? Does the plant have buds or new leaves? These are all signs that the plants have been well cared for.

If a lot of the plants look bad, shop elsewhere.

Here are some signs of troubled houseplants:

  • spindly or leggy growth
  • pale lackluster leaves
  • lumpy spots on leaves
  • insects or webbing
  • white spots on the soil
  • roots protruding from the bottom of the pot
  • malformed leaves
  • leaves with dry, brown edges
  • yellowed leaves
  • wilting

Don't mistake aerial roots for problems. Some plants have what they call "air roots" which grow out of the soil. You'll see these in large vines as well as in moth orchids.

Don't mistake color variations in the leaves for problems.

Don't mistake a leaf with unique growth pattern, like Monstera Deliciosa (it has holes in the leaves) for a malformation.

Snake Plant - You Just Can't Kill It

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The Best Houseplants for Beginners

There are several time honored, easy to find, inexpensive houseplants that are the best bet for a first plant. These easy care plants will not die if you occasionally forget to water or feed them. They are not fussy about light and will struggle along just fine if you don't fertilize them as often as recommended.

Pothos

Cast Iron Plant

Snake Plant

Dracena

Jade Plant

Rubber Tree

Parlor Palm

Heart Leaf Philodendron

Clivea

Chinese Evergreen

Clivea

Clivea prefers the light of a north east facing window with a bit of shade in summer.
Clivea prefers the light of a north east facing window with a bit of shade in summer. | Source

Lighting - Light Conditions for a Houseplant

When you are looking at houseplants, check out the tag. Most plant tags will tell you the kind of light that is best for that particular variety.

Most houseplants flourish in indirect, bright light from an east facing window. No plant will thrive close to the glass in a south facing window; the light there is too strong.

Bright indirect light means that the room is brightly lit but the plant will not stand in direct sunlight. Five to eight feet from a window works well in bright rooms.

Filtered light means the light that comes through a lace or gauze curtain.

Low light does not mean no light. No plant will live without light. A dark corner or an unlit hall is not conducive to life. In a low light area, you should be able to read without artificial illumination. If you need a lamp to read by during the day, that area is too dark for plants.

A north facing window may be adequate for plants that prefer low light conditions as long as the area is not cold.

Lighting can change over the course of a year. Trees outside the window drop their leaves, or grow new ones. A north east facing window may provide enough light in summer but not in winter when the sun changes position.

An east facing window may not provide enough light if it is blocked by an awning or another building.

Do not allow a plant to touch window glass. It may be too cold in winter or scorch the plant in summer.

Jade Plant

This old Jade plant is so top heavy it needs to live in a large, heavy container.
This old Jade plant is so top heavy it needs to live in a large, heavy container. | Source

Houseplant Containers

Chances are that you will not keep a houseplant in the container that it comes in - usually a cheap plastic pot. Buy a container that is slightly larger than the one the plant comes in. You'll have to buy more soil too.

No matter what kind of pot you buy, make sure that is has a drainage hole in the bottom. Containers that don't drain well hold excess water at the bottom causing root rot. You will need to place a shallow dish or saucer beneath the container so moisture does not ruin the furniture or the floor.

Remember that porous clay pots (terra cotta) dry out more quickly than plastic or glazed pottery.

Terra cotta dishes should not be used under a drain hole as they wick water down and can create moisture that will stain or ruin furniture.

You can set an ugly plastic pot inside a pretty container.

Make sure the container for a large plant is heavy enough so the plant does not fall over. You can weigh down a light container by placing a few rocks at the bottom of the pot.

Not Everyone Can Live in a Conservatory

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Aloe

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Water and Moisture

If you are just getting started and are not used to taking care of plants, you may want a plant that does not need a lot of watering or misting.

Some plants prefer weekly watering. Some need the soil to dry out between watering. Other plants need the soil kept slightly moist at all times.

You can choose plants that will forgive you if forget to water them:

  • snake plant
  • pothos
  • cast iron plant
  • aloe
  • jade plant

If you visit a greenhouse or a conservatory, you'll notice how beautiful all the plants look. They are richly colored and their leaves are large and healthy looking. That's because humidity is added to the air and the climate is regulated. In your home, the air can be very dry due to heat in winter and AC in summer. Modify these harsh conditions by

  • misting your plants (with water from a spray bottle)
  • running a humidifier
  • set the pot in a shallow dish filled with wet pebbles

Do no allow houseplants to sit in water or the container to sit in a puddle of water as this will rot the roots.

Do not over water.

Many plants will suffer due to chlorine in tap water. Cold water may also stress a plant. Set out a bucket of water the day before watering your plants. This will allow chlorine to evaporate and the water to come up to room temperature.

The number one killer of houseplants is over watering. Yellow leaves indicate over watering.

Fertilizer for Houseplants

Most houseplants need a light liquid fertilizer once a month from spring to autumn. Hold off on the fertilizer during the winter months. Many commercial fertilizers recommend too heavy a dosage. Of course, they want you to use up their product so you can buy more! Miracle Gro can be cut in half. In any event, liquid fertilizers are easy to manage and to measure. Algoflash is another popular liquid fertilizer.

Plant spikes are a poor choice as they may damage roots.

Granular plant fertilizers may be a good choice for someone who does not wish to be mixing liquid fertilizers.

Fish emulsion is an excellent plant food but can be very stinky. If you set your houseplants outdoors in summer, that's a great time to feed them fish emulsion.

Many experts recommend a balanced fertilizer. On the fertilizer container, you will see 3 numbers, such as 20-20-20. Each number stands for the proportion of three important nutrients:

  • Nitrogen - the first number, stimulates growth and provides lush green foliage
  • Phosphorus - the middle number, assists root growth and promotes flowering
  • Potassium - promotes strong stems and help the plant resist disease and other stresses

Flowering plants may need a fertilizer that has a higher proportion of Phosphorus. In that case, the middle number will be higher. Often, people who raise African violets or orchids purchase fertilizer that is specially made for those particular plants.

Crisp, brown leaf edges or white crusting on the pot are a sign that the plant has been over fertilized.

Leaves that are ringed with yellow (have yellow only at the edges) may need more fertilizer.


Secret Tip For the Most Beautiful Houseplants Ever

My grandmother was famous for having the most beautiful houseplants ever! She was coy about divulging her houseplant secrets, giving only very general, common sense advise. Was it the brightly lit east facing room where she kept her plants? She she have some secret fertilizer she concocted?

One day, Grandmom decided to confide her ultimate secret to growing and keeping perfect houseplants.

"When they start to look bad, I just throw them away and buy new ones!"

How to Choose an Indoor Plant

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Comments 10 comments

The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from Maryland

I just love this hub! Your tips & plant recommendations are spot on (as is your grandmother's advice!) Voted up & shared. I'll pin it when I can. (Don't see the link for that now.)


torrilynn profile image

torrilynn 3 years ago

Hi Dolores,

thanks for this hub about houseplants and how

to really take care of them. when I move into my own place,

I hope to have plants as well. thanks again.

Voted up and shared.


drbj profile image

drbj 3 years ago from south Florida

Very useful information and great photos for a gardening rookie. Thanks, Dolores.


sgbrown profile image

sgbrown 3 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

Great hub! I have several of the plants you have mentioned here. What you called the "snake plant", we call the "mother-in-laws tongue". I have two of them and you are right, you just can't kill one. When my two sons married, I gave my new daughter-in-laws a "mother-in-laws tongue". I told them, jokingly, that it was to remind them to take good care of my sons, or they would receive the wrath of my "sharp tongue". They thought that was great! I haven't had much luck with the jade plant for some reason, I think I tend to over water them. I have 2 "corn plants" that do very well indoors. I really enjoyed your hub, voting up, interesting and useful! :)


Maren Morgan M-T profile image

Maren Morgan M-T 3 years ago from Pennsylvania

Great explanations of what lighting conditions mean! Good for the average person! Thanks for a fine article.


Jamie Brock profile image

Jamie Brock 3 years ago from Texas

Thank you for this! I love plants but I don't have much luck with them. Surely I could handle some of these :) Love your grandmothers secret to growing and keeping perfect plants!!


Dolores Monet profile image

Dolores Monet 3 years ago from East Coast, United States Author

Hi DirtFarmer! Thank you! I love my grandmom's advice too and think of it every time I try to nurse a half dead plant back to life!

torrilynn - thank you! Well you don't need your own place to have a little plant! A bit of lucky bamboo in a small container of water is no biggie!

Hi drbj - thank you so kindly!

Hi sgbrown - I've always called the dwarf snake plant mother-in-law's tongue. What a great idea for a weeding gift! A friend of mine has an ancient jade plant that always seems dry as a bone. Which makes me think they need very little water. Thank you!

Hi Maren Morgan M-T - thank you! I still feel like I should tinker with the light part which is actually worth a whole hub itself!

Hi Jamie Brock - I would love to have more indoor plants too. But I have lousy light and a cat who made hash out of an orchid that I actually got to rebloom!!! Thank you!


Heather Says profile image

Heather Says 2 years ago from Buckeye, Arizona

Great Hub! I love my aloe in my backyard-- great for fresh aloe vera and it can survive our scorching summers even if I forget to water them. They're blooming this time of year and looking lovely for the holidays.


Dolores Monet profile image

Dolores Monet 2 years ago from East Coast, United States Author

Heather Says - thank you! You must live in a warm area if you keep your aloe outdoors. We had one that we put outside in warm weather and it did flower.


grand old lady profile image

grand old lady 2 years ago from Philippines

Very useful information, and just what I needed, since I have yet to grow a plant that thrives. And should all else fail, there is always grandmom to keep in mind. Voted up, useful and interesting

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    Dolores Monet profile image

    Dolores Monet2,828 Followers
    187 Articles

    An avid gardener for over 40 years, Dolores has landscaped for private clients and maintained one client's small orchid collection.



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