Information on the Jasmine Plant

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Overview

Jasmine is the name of a genus of vines and shrubs. The jasmine plant is part of the Oleaceae family (olive). Approximately 200 species belong to the jasmine genus. They originate in temperature and warm to tropical areas of Europe, Africa and Asia (the Old World). It is a highly popular flower all over the planet, and has a sweet and pleasant fragrance.

Characteristics

Leaves of the jasmine plant can be either deciduous or evergreen. It is often cultivated for its flowers, which are a waxy-white color and have five or six lobes (most species within the Oleaceae family have only four lobe petals). The flowers are tubular. The glossy leaves have an oval shape.

Cultivation

It is beneficial to cultivate the jasmine plant in soil that is well-drained and moist. The soil should be moderately fertile. Sandy loam soils are also useful. The plant thrives on partial shade and full sun, as well as a warm locale. In the spring, a mild fertilizer should be applied on jasmine plants. The summer months call for a lot of watering.

Maintenance

Weed removal helps keep jasmine plants healthy and thriving. Jasmine plants need to be fertilized on a regular basis. Lateral growth can be encouraged by the tips of the plants being pinched. Regular pruning is also necessary. It is beneficial to tie up the stems' of younger jasmine plants, as it provides heavy support.

Uses

There are many practical uses for the jasmine plant. In China, jasmine tea is an extremely common beverage. The tea is made out of the flowers. In France, jasmine syrup is popular, and is made out of an extract from the flowers. Jasmine essential oil is also derived from the flowers.

Popular Cultivars

There are many different varieties of Jasmine plants. Some of the most popular kinds of Jasmine plants include Arabian Jasmine, Common Jasmine (also known as Poet's Jasmine), Primrose Jasmine, Italian Jasmine, Downy Jasmine, Spanish Jasmine, South African Jasmine and Winter Jasmine. These varieties are commonly used as ornamental plants due to their attractive appearances, as houseplants, in gardens and also as cut flowers.

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