Painting Tips and Tricks 4: Painting Walls with water stains.
The walls were painting are the interior walls of a living room, remember we've done the ceiling and prepared all the walls for painting by filling all the cracks and holes, sanding them down and putting lining paper on one of the walls that was looking a little worse for wear after removing the old wallpaper. So now check that your dust sheets are entirely covering the floor and any furniture you had to leave in the room.
Repair Any Damp Patches Before Painting the Walls
One thing you may come up against when decorating a down stairs room is a damp patch ether on the ceiling or on the wall from a leak or a spillage up stairs. While it might be easy enough to fix the leek or dry up something you've spilled; the water damage will leave a stain on your wallpapered ceiling that will not go away until you've repainted it.
First of all make sure that it's completely dry, leave it a week after the event if you can or leave the heating on for a day, no need to tell you which is the least expensive there. If there's wallpaper on the effected area it will have come away from the wall or ceiling, if that's the case and it's not near a joint; cut a cross through the centre of the loose or bubbled paper with a Stanley Knife and peel it back very carefully, it will be quite brittle. If it's near a joint so much the better just open up the joint. Now get some wallpaper paste and carefully paste the paper and the ceiling getting as far as you can into the cut forcing the paste back, using your hand, to where you think the paper is still stuck down, leave it for about 30 minutes until the paste as soaked into the paper and it becomes more pliable now smooth the pasted paper back into place and leave to dry (the next day).
Tools you May Need
You definitely need a tool bag, I think the one on the left looks the part; I've put the DeWalt in for the name, any thing I've bought from DeWalt has always done the job. Tool belts are good if your working on the exterior of a building, and the carpet tucker will come in handy.
Completing the Repair
So you've pasted back the paper and waited a day for it to dry out, but you still have the water stain. If you were to repaint with emulsion paint the stain will reappear because emulsion is a water based paint and all your doing is putting more water on top of a water stain. What you need is some oil based paint, undercoat's the least expensive, and white go's without saying, just give the whole area one coat, again let it dry and that's it sealed; your now ready to put on your first coat of new paint.
As we did with the ceiling you need to cut in a 4”/10cm margin of paint around every edge, widows, doors, skirting/trim boards. When it comes to light switches and plug sockets loosen the plates and pull them out from the wall a little so you don't get any paint on them, cut in and leave the plates loose till dry. If the paint on the ceiling is a different colour than the walls just take your time when cutting in. Dip your brush in the paint until it covers 1/3 off the bristles tap the brush on the side of your paint container and then on the other side to force the paint into the brush. You often see people dipping there brush in the paint then scraping it on the side of the paint container, all that's doing is wiping the paint off the brush. You'll be starting in the corner at the top; if you look at your brush it forms a rectangle and the corner off your brush will fit nicely in the corner of the room so to start off by just offering the flat face of your brush to the corner pull your brush back from the corner about 4”/10cm then turn it on it's edge to start cutting in; holding the brush at 45 degrees about 2” away from the ceiling press the brush into the wall and towards the ceiling the brush will fan out, now just draw it along the wall nice and easy.
More Tools for Painting Walls
Stanly knives and spare blades are a must. Again I put the DeWalt drill/driver in for it's reliability. The Junior work bench will come in handy for a number of reasons, your plank can sit on it, it has a vice, you can sit on it, and it's nice height for your paint tin and a cup of tea.
No need to tape trims when painting walls
You don't have to tape off all the widows, doors, and skirting boards because your going to paint them, however if you think you need to tape off the sockets and light switches and anything else you don't want to catch with the roller do so; but I think your good enough to do it without. You wont need your steps and plank this is the easy part. Start on the wall next to the window and work away from the light; so you can look back and see any misses. Do the top half off the wall first in 3'sq/92cm sections, working each new area into the one you've just completed, finishing off with light strokes to remove any roller tracks; with out moving now do the bottom and repeat along the whole wall until you get to the opposite corner of the room. Now go back to the other side of the widow again working away from the light work your way back round to the corner where you finished your first run.
Check the walls for little wholes or dints that may only show up after you put your first coat on, use a little filler to cover them and just paint over them right away the paint will smooth them out.
Before you put the second coat on instead of waiting around for it to dry we can start painting the wood work. But that's another hub.
Tools for all Aspects of Decorating
The folding ruler is great for marking wallpaper your cutting down it's length, because it's ridged.
Yet another tool box with different aspics to it, again your plank can sit on it, you can stand on it and it probably has a tray inside for small items. Safety glasses come in handy if your using a scraper on a ceiling and pliers are another one of those general tool you will use.
When you finish painting for the day wrap your roller in cling film
Time to wash up; it's easy when using water based paint, just run your brushes under warm water until the paint stops running out then hold it between your two hands and with the bristles in a container rub your two hands together spinning the brush dry. Your using the roller again tomorrow and it can take for ever to get all the paint out of the head so just wrap it in cling film and when you come to get it tomorrow it will be nice and moist.
The Best Tool in this Hub
I've put a best tool capsule at the end of each of the hubs in the Painting Tips and Tricks group. In this hud I think the best tool is the work bench; some would say that the electric driver is a better tool, but not in this trade where you'd hardly use it.
The work bench can be used as a pair of steps to put your plank on, you can stand on it, stir your paint, clean your brushes, there's a vice with it.
It's a work bench and will last a long time.
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How to paint is pretty strait forward. Which paint should I use is the bigger question; and it all depends on the finish your trying to achieve.