Dividing Chives

PROPAGATING CHIVES BY DIVISION

Spring & Fall

Chives grow from fleshy, small bulb-like roots called bulbets, and it's a rather simple matter to divide an established clump of them in the spring or fall.

Once separated, the small clumps can be planted outside in your herb garden, vegetable garden or flowerbed, or potted for use in your kitchen herb garden.

When dividing chives, be sure to pot up a few for your indoor kitchen herb garden.
When dividing chives, be sure to pot up a few for your indoor kitchen herb garden. | Source
Garlic chives in bloom.
Garlic chives in bloom. | Source

SELECTING CHIVES TO DIVIDE

Plant Size

Be sure to select a clump of chives that's large enough to divide.

Unless you cultivate an exceptionally large variety of chives, the chive plants in your garden probably grow to about six inches in diameter, which is typical for most.

We grow garlic chives. They're average in size, reaching about a foot tall when in bloom and growing about six inches wide. They're also very tasty.

If the stems are left unharvested, the plants will produce small, white pompom-like flower clusters.

Companion Planting

I have no first-hand knowledge of chives' efficacy in preventing plant diseases, but it's reputedly a good companion plant for roses, keeping black spot at bay, & for apple trees, reducing the likelihood of scab & deterring carrot fly.

These large clumps are made up of clusters of bulbets that lie close to the soil line.

If the plant is healthy, it probably has a thick mat of a root system that extends out from the bulbets as well as down into the ground several inches.

This spring I divided two clumps of chives in our outdoor herb garden, each about six inches in diameter.

The larger of the two (pictured below) was a good candidate for propagation by division, being comprised of 15 bulbets in all.

DIVIDING CHIVE PLANTS

Carefully dig up the chive plants, leaving bulbets & roots intact.

Using a spade or shove, lift the clump from the ground.
Using a spade or shove, lift the clump from the ground. | Source
The bulbets are at the very base of the chive stems, with roots extending from them into the soil.
The bulbets are at the very base of the chive stems, with roots extending from them into the soil. | Source

DIGGING UP THE CLUMPS

With a spade or shovel, dig up the clump of chives you intend to divide.

Work the tool all around the plant, sticking the blade into the ground and then lifting it up to loosen the roots. Don't dig too close to the clump. Doing so could cause you slice through some of the bulbets or hack off a portion of the root system.

This year, I used a spade. Once I'd circled the clumps with it, I was able to lift the plants out of the ground by their stems easily. Pulling the clumps apart, however, was more difficult.

Gently separate the clumps into sets of 3 to 4 bulbets.

Carefully loosen the clump with your hands, wiggling it by the bulbets.
Carefully loosen the clump with your hands, wiggling it by the bulbets. | Source
As the dirt falls away, the bulbets, with their roots intact, will eventually separate.
As the dirt falls away, the bulbets, with their roots intact, will eventually separate. | Source

Growing Chives in Beds

Chives are neat, compact growers & make lovely plants for borders. If allowed to grow unharvested as ornamental plants, they will produce attractive globes of flowers, usually in pink, purple or white.

SEPARATING THE CLUMPS

After a year or more of growth, chive clumps can be difficult to pull apart. It took me some time (and lots of patience) to separate the clumps I'd unearthed into smaller clumps.

First, using my fingers, I removed as much soil from the roots as possible. Then I slowly wiggled the clumps in my hands, one a time, gently pulling them apart until the roots separated.

The initial clump of chives was the most difficult to separate. Dividing the subsequent clumps into groups of three to four bulbets became easier as the clumps got smaller.

When I was finished, I had many, many little chive plants to replant.

Once the clumps are divided, it's time to replant.

Once the clumps are divided into small clumps of 3-4 bulbets, it's time to plant them.
Once the clumps are divided into small clumps of 3-4 bulbets, it's time to plant them. | Source
A new transplanted clump
A new transplanted clump | Source
Over the growing season, I'm hoping that this scraggly row (which actually extends a good bit more, evolves into a full, lovely border of chives.
Over the growing season, I'm hoping that this scraggly row (which actually extends a good bit more, evolves into a full, lovely border of chives. | Source

Do you have a herb garden?

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REPLANTING THE BULBETS

Chives grow as well in pots as they do in the ground, so you may want to plant some of your divisions in beds and pot up the rest for convenient use in the kitchen.

Planting Chives Outdoors

Chives need full sun (about 6-8 hours per day) and rich, moist soil, so keep that in mind when replanting.

When planting outdoors, be sure to make the hole big enough so that you can spread out the roots and deep enough so that you bury the plant up to its stem. (You should be able to see the soil line on the plants.)

Tuck them in the holes, cover them with rich soil and water them in place, tamping them down firmly with your hands or feet.

I made a little front border to my raised herb/vegetable with some of my chive clumps. The rest I potted for the kitchen.

Potting Chives

If potting up a few sets of chive bulbets for your indoor herb garden, you'll need rich, sterile potting mix and small pots. (Pots about 5 inches in diameter work well.)

Although I potted two sets of chives outside, I did not use the soil from our raised beds. It's good soil, loamy and enriched with compost and leaves, but it contains all sorts of things I don't want in our house (and that I'm sure you don't want in yours), including weed seeds, fungal spores and insect eggs. I could have, of course, pasteurized a batch of it in the oven and then used it, but ... I took the easier way out and used a bag of store-bought potting mix this time.

First, I moistened the soil a bit, mixing it in a pan with a spade. Then I created a small cone of soil in each pot and arranged the bulbets and roots over it before adding more potting mix.

As with the chives that I planted outside, I covered the plants up the very extreme bottom of their stems where a soil line was clearly visible.

I'm hoping the transplants do well.

Last year, I allowed the chive plants, which were from one small plant that I set out the year before, to go to seed. I was pleased at how well they spread and happy to see at least two large clumps that could be divided into smaller ones this spring. I'd like to have enough chive plants next spring to plant around our rose bushes.


Be sure to use sterile mix if you intend to grow potted herbs indoors.
Be sure to use sterile mix if you intend to grow potted herbs indoors. | Source

CARING FOR CHIVE PLANTS

Water & Light

Chives need full sun (6-8 hours per day) in order to thrive, so make sure that you transplant them to a sunny location in your garden, one that won't later be overshadowed by shade trees or tall herbaceous perennials.

If you're growing chive plants indoors, a southerly window is best, or you could grow them under lights for about 12 hours per day.

Like basil, chives like moist soil, so you'll have to water them more than Mediterranean herbs, such rosemary and lavender, which do best if allowed to dry out between waterings.

To keep them healthy, try misting your chive plants daily with room temperature water, and check the soil with your finger to make sure the pots haven't completely dried out.

Also, water your plants with water that's at room temperature, as cold water can be a shock to any plant's system, inhibiting its growth.

Harvesting Chives

Clip chives close to the soil line when harvesting.
Clip chives close to the soil line when harvesting. | Source

Harvesting

If you grow chives as part of a working culinary garden, be sure to clip the plants with scissors close to the soil line when harvesting, just as you would if growing them in pots.

Clipping the stems close to the ground will encourage chives to produce new fleshy roots, and the new stalks that emerge will be tender and green—just what you want for the kitchen.

Using Chives & Chive Flowers in Food

Source

About the Author

The Dirt Farmer has been an active gardener for over 30 years.

She first began gardening as a child alongside her grandfather on her parents' farm.

Today, The Dirt Farmer gardens at home, volunteers at community gardens and continues to learn about gardening through the MD Master Gardener program.

Copyright © 2013 by The Dirt Farmer. All rights reserved.

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Comments 14 comments

Mariefg profile image

Mariefg 22 months ago from Alexandria , Eastern Cape , South Africa

Interesting hub , my favorite pass time is growing herbs .


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from United States Author

Hey kidscrafts! Thanks for commenting. Love your weeding story! Too funny. Take it easy! --Jill


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

This summer, I really want to plant (transplant) several herbs to be able to bring them inside to be able to enjoy them next summer.

I planted chives in my first garden in Canada and I remembered that I asked my husband to cut the grass. He did a so good job also with the edge cutter that the next time I needed chives.... I couldn't find it anymore ;-) We had a good laugh but the good thing is that now, he knows how it looks like and where it is in the backyard so we can enjoy it all summer long :-)

I read yesterday that chives is one of the 12 superfood. I don't know if it's true, but I am sure it must have some good quality for anybody's health.

Nice to read your hub!

Voted up, useful and interesting!


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from United States Author

Thanks for the compliment, Glimmer Twin Fan. Like every herb I've ever grown, chives do better when you use them, so just clip them back when you need them for a salad. They'll sprout right back up within a week. As always, nice to hear from you! Take care, Jill


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

I have gotten to the point where I just automatically pin your hubs. They are always so full of useful information and the photos are beautiful. I always mean to plant chives, but never get around to it. Love them in salads and on potatoes.


aviannovice profile image

aviannovice 3 years ago from Stillwater, OK

There are wild onions around the lake. Would these be good for a garden? I love the aroma when the city cuts the grass.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from United States Author

Exactly, Carol. I'm always running out with a pair of scissors to get a snip of this or that. Thanks for the votes & the share. Have a good weekend! Jill


carol7777 profile image

carol7777 3 years ago from Arizona

When I read your hubs on gardening I always feel like I should start a garden. Nothing better than going out to your garden and picking your salad for the evening. Voting up++ and pinning.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from United States Author

Thanks, Angelo! They have so many uses. Nice to have around the kitchen. Good to hear from you! Take care, Jill


Angelo52 profile image

Angelo52 3 years ago from Central Florida

Great article on chives. I like to use chives in omelets and sometimes in rice.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from United States Author

You'll have no trouble, purl3agony. It just takes time. Thanks for stopping by! --Jill


purl3agony profile image

purl3agony 3 years ago from USA

This looks easier than I would have thought. We have chives planted in our backyard, but would like to move them to another spot. This information will be a great help. Thanks!!


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 3 years ago from United States Author

Thanks, Marina! Appreciate the positive feedback. Have a great weekend, Jill


Marina7 profile image

Marina7 3 years ago from Clarksville TN

A nice hub on how to grow chives!!

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