How to grow peppers from seed

Sweet and hot, red and yellow peppers

small and sweet mini bell peppers
small and sweet mini bell peppers | Source

Red Cheese Peppers, small, sweet

Named because the color in these peppers was used to color the red wax coloring on cheese.
Named because the color in these peppers was used to color the red wax coloring on cheese. | Source

When to Plant Peppers

This year, grow a variety peppers, both sweet and hot. Growing peppers from seed is simple and easy. Grandmother started pepper seed in a yogurt cup sitting on the kitchen windowsill.

Start pepper seed 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Pepper seed follows the same timeline as tomato seed. Their growing conditions are similar. Pepper plants love full sun and warm soil, like tomato plants.

Keep seedlings evenly moist. Not wet. Peppers do not like wet feet. Be patient, some seeds were sprouted in 2 - 3 weeks, some took 4 weeks! Transfer seedlings to individual containers when they are about 6 weeks old.

Sweet Lipstick pepper

Pimiento type fruit that are super sweet. Red, juicy and thick walls.
Pimiento type fruit that are super sweet. Red, juicy and thick walls. | Source

Sweet and bell peppers

Try somethng different this year.

Canary Bell is a big sweet bell pepper with thick, juicy walls. An excellent pepper for eating fresh. Beautiful green peppers turn to canary colored pepper when fully ripe. Even tasty when picked green. Early producer of great peppers for grilling, stuffing, kabobs.

Red Cheese is one of my favorite heirloom sweet peppers. Years ago, the red coloring of this pepper was used to color the wax coating on cheese wheels. This juicy little pepper is perfect in salads and slaw. The mild flavor will not over power recipes if added for color in potato or macaroni salads. *

Jewel Tone Sweet Bells are hybrid peppers, all three with the same classic sweet bell pepper taste. Get three colors in one packet. That's a plus for a small home garden. Grow a red, orange and golden yellow juicy big bells.***

Golden Marconi is an heirloom Italian pepper. This big, yellow, tapered pepper is very sweet and great for frying or fresh. This wonderful heirloom is delicious and mild. Excellent for fresh eating. A late pepper, but once it starts producing, it will provide golden peppers till frost.*

Lipstick is a tasty sweet, red pepper that looks like it might be hot. It will only fool you until you taste it. A pimiento type fruit. Peppers come on earlier than most. Shiny red Lipstick grows to just 4" and is very sweet. Grow it once and it will always be in your garden.*

Something new

Exclusive Baby Bells are the cutest little bell peppers that you ever did see. Single serving size red and yellow sweet bell peppers. Cruncy and sweet just like the big bells.One they start producing it is non stop production of these appetizer size peppers. Great in a lunch box or as picnic faire, grilled, stuffed. ***

Sweet Canary Bell

Foliage protects peppers from sun scald. T grow big Big peppers water routinely.
Foliage protects peppers from sun scald. T grow big Big peppers water routinely. | Source

Mildly hot and almost hot peppers

Set your hair on fire peppers are not my thing. However, slightly spicy and mildly hot peppers are always in my garden. I'm growing these ha, ha, hot peppers this year and will keep you posted.

Ancho/Poblano chile pepper, two peppers in one. The green pepper is known as a poblano and is the pepper used in chiles rellenos. If not used fresh, dry the peppers. Dried, the peppers are called ancho peppers. Often used is used in sauces like “mole poblano”. **

Anaheim NuMex Joe E Parker seeds are a thicker walled and longer version of the Anaheim type pepper. Harvest at the red or green stage when about 8" long. Peppers turn red and are sweeter when mature. **

Pepperoncini Greek is an organic heirloom. You may recognize this golden pepper as the traditional pickled pepper garnish on deli sandwiches, salads and pizza. An early chili pepper, harvest when the fruit is all yellow and are 3" - 4" long. Bonas: Inside of packet for pickling recipe from Treppeda’s Italian Ristorante in Niwot, Colorado.**

Something new

An exclusive mild habanero, "Suave" The flavor of a habanero without the explosive heat. It's still hot, just not as hot. Grow both orange and red chiles from one packet. At last, you can taste the mild tropical fruitiness with a hint of citrus. ***

Move peppers to the garden

Don't be in a hurry to plant peppers in the garden. Peppers should be hardened off, just like tomatoes. Harden off seedlings by exposing them to outdoor conditions a few more hours every day for at least full week before transplanting them outdoors.

Wait until 2 weeks after the last frost date to transplant peppers into the garden or into outdoor containers. Peppers are very susceptible to cold weather. One late frost and you will lose all your plants.

Plant peppers in full sun. However, during last year's severe heat and drought, all plants appreciate a bit of afternoon shade. And plenty of water. Be conservative with fertilizer. Heavy fertilizer only produces lush vegetation, not more fruits.

Stake or cage peppers. Strong winds can snap a plant stem on a loaded pepper plant, losing the whole crop for the season. Provide mulch or straw around plant to conserve water and keep peppers clean.

Buy and save pepper seeds

There are hundreds of peppers and dozens of garden seed sources. These are the seed companies I have tried. The seeds are clearly described in the online catalog and delivered promptly. I will use these companies again.

* Baker Creek

** Botanical Intrests

*** Renees Garden

Seeds can be saved and planted in the next year or two. Tape the seed packet closed. Store the sealed seed packets in a cool dry place. Keep the seed dry in a ziplock bag.

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Comments 6 comments

torrilynn profile image

torrilynn 3 years ago

This hub reminded me of when I was eight and my grandma had a garden in her backyard, which had peppers and other sorts of vegetables. I would always help her tend her garden and help her pick the vegetables when it was time. thanks for sharing this hub. Voted up.

CreateHubpages profile image

CreateHubpages 4 years ago

Useful hub, Thumbs up.

Patsybell profile image

Patsybell 4 years ago from zone 6a, SEMO Author

I think I will try that too, homesteadpatch,I'm going to start some seed outdoors.

homesteadpatch profile image

homesteadpatch 4 years ago from Michigan

Peppers seem to be the one thing that grows really well in my garden. It's time to get the flats out and get things started. Although for as warm as it's been here, they could be outside already!

Jakob Barry profile image

Jakob Barry 4 years ago

Good and useful tips. Thanks!

Organicpixie profile image

Organicpixie 4 years ago from London

Useful and voted up. Lots of great tips in your tomato hubs as well.

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