Using Wood Stoves for Off-Grid Cooking

When I was a kid I used to cuddle up next to the wall heater in the winter to warm up. When my son was little we would sit in the hall and put our feet on the wall warming ourselves next to the gas wall heater, me drinking my coffee and him lying on my lap while I stroked his hair waiting for the house to warm up. It was just something we did that I never thought about until recently. There is something comforting about warmth on cold winter mornings. Now, back then, a wall heater was not exactly a beautiful creation, it was, in fact, ugly. Now just imagine what it must be like to snuggle up to a beautiful wood stove, a wood stove that not only warms your home but cooks your food, dries your clothes and heats your water...all the while using wood that you either cut yourself or find on your property.

Having a wood stove is one of the great things about going off the grid. But, what do most of us know about wood stoves? Most of us have never even seen a wood stove let alone purchased or used one. So what things should you consider when purchasing a wood stove?

Cost:

New wood stoves can be expensive. Of course one can buy a used wood stove but some of the older wood stoves might not work and/or would not fulfill the E.P.A. requirements (if that matters to you), so buyer beware! Having said that you can find some great deals on used wood stoves on ebay or on craigslist. You can buy a new wood stove for as little as $300 or as much as $9,000. The cheaper wood stoves are really intended to be used for heating only but the surface will suffice as a stove in a pinch, there is no oven in those models. The more expensive ones can use wood, gas and/or propane. Now there are you-tube videos showing you how to build a “rocket stove” from scrap metal and I've included one at the bottom of this article. I'm sure you can build something like that for very little money, but for our purposes, in this article, I am going to stick to the more traditional wood stoves that are used for cooking.

Safety:

Safety is most important when you are using fire to heat and cook your food. While some do-it-yourselfers could probably assemble their own wood stoves I would recommend having a professional install it. You don't want to mess around with fire.


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Windowed?:

There are two types of wood stove doors, windowed and cast iron. I always wanted to get a windowed wood stove because I enjoy seeing the fire. However, after speaking to an owner of a wood stove store I changed my mind. He told me that in no time at all the window would become black so it's a waste of money to get a windowed wood stove. Still, they are beautiful so it's a hard decision, at least for me!

Water Reservoir:

Many wood stoves come with water reservoirs. These reservoirs can be used for instant hot water for both cooking, cleaning and bathing (should you choose to pipe it into a bathroom). Personally, I think this is a great way to heat hot water in an off-grid scenario. Just make sure that the kitchen is close to the bathroom. Also, having a water reservoir allows steam to be used in the home to bring some moisture into the air if needed in the winter. It's like having an automatic humidifier.

Cleaning:

I spoke to a wood stove store owner and he recommended that if you have a new wood stove that you should start by cleaning it once a month. He said that if it is still pretty clean once a month to go to twice a month and to continue on like that until you get the feel for your oven. He also said that if you burn dry wood as opposed to green wood that your chimney will more than likely not need cleaning for a very long time. He told me his mother burned dry wood and she didn't need to have her chimney cleaned for over 15 years. However, if you are using an old chimney you should have it cleaned because it's not worth a fire caused by a bird's nest or a squirrel or what have you. Creosote build up is something you have to address when using a wood cook stove. Using dry wood will deter creosote build up, however some people also add rock salt or potato peelings to a strong fire once a week to keep it at bay as well. If you have an enamel stove you would clean it like you would clean a refrigerator. However, if you have a cast iron stove you will need to wipe it down with oil every once in a while and some say that all cast iron wood stoves will need to be re-blacked eventually.

Cooking:

Cooking on a wood stove can be a little tricky. To regulate heat to your pan instead of moving a dial you move the pan. When baking make sure to use a thermometer to gauge how hot it is. Many people dry food in the oven or warmer as well.

Pots, Pans and Utensils:

The only pots and pans that should be used on a wood stove are cast iron. They are the best whether you have a wood stove or not. Also, make sure to avoid any plastic either on your pots and pans or on your utensils. There is nothing worse than trying to remove melted plastic from your stove. The other very important item is pot holders, make sure to have good pot holders and lots of them!

Odds and Ends:

Make sure you have a fire extinguisher and/or baking soda to extinguish a fire should one arise. Never pour water on a fire as you can crack the stove! In the summer you might want to take a break from using your stove in order to keep your home cool. Many people use outdoor kitchens, grills or solar ovens in order to avoid firing up the stove when it is hot out. The summer is the best time to give your stove, flu and chimney (if needed) a good annual cleaning.

Not only will a wood cook stove provide hot water, warmth and light but you can also use the wood ash to make lye and then soap. There are many reasons why a good wood stove would be an asset especially off-the-grid or in a collapse situation. A good wood stove will last a life-time if not longer and will be a comfort and a joy to everyone in your family. It will be the centerpiece of your home and it's one of the best things about going off the grid!

Making lye from wood ash

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Comments 26 comments

tmbridgeland profile image

tmbridgeland 4 years ago from Small Town, Illinois

Very nice Hub. Only thing, I would suggest that cleaning the chimney at least once a year is a good idea, even if you use dry wood.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

Thanks for the comments "tmbridgeland".


eye say profile image

eye say 4 years ago from Canada

great info ... as we are about to go off the grid we have sadly decided we have to leave our wood stove behind, it's weight alone makes it too heavy to bring with us. As an alternative we are looking at building an outdoor cob oven ... I am also hoping to be able to find a woodstove or similar to replace ours in South America ... thanks great for info - lots to consider that I hadn't, I'll keep this bookmarked and share ...


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

Well, South America is pretty far away to be hauling a wood stove..for sure! However, I am definitely planning on building a cob oven on my homestead for the summer. It's cheap, easy to build and perfect for summer cooking. Thanks for commenting and good luck to you!


AnnRandolph profile image

AnnRandolph 4 years ago

Great, useful information. My husband and I are considering a cabin off grid and I will save this valuable info.


rdcast profile image

rdcast 4 years ago from God's Green Earth

Thanks for being such a person who'd not only share such warming personal stories, but reflect on something as basic as wood heat. As a teen and in my early adulthood, I'd take a chainsaw and cut cordwood to keep the winter stock aplenty. We had many acres of wooded land and a nice amount of tillable. Guess you could say we were country folk. But I loved hunting for good wholesome meats and having all the hen eggs any soul could wont or need. Many times, I'd hone my man sized double bladed ax and head out to cut down the trees suitable for our cordwood . I'd chop down the trees, stand straddled atop them, and whale with may ax till my efforts yielded a goodly amount of red and white oak logs. I'd take one of out tractors and hall them home, or take my truck and split them there with a maul. I loved it and would imagine watching my future son doing the same.

We had two open fireplaces which I had no problem keeping fed with high quality seasoned woods(cherry was my personal favorite), but I'll never forget the smell of our oil heater. mmmmmmm, it was so warm and heavenly. We kept a large kettle of water atop for keeping the air we breathed pleasantly humid. I'm country and I know it! Even tho I live in NY =/


davenmidtown profile image

davenmidtown 4 years ago from Sacramento, California

A great hub! The stove that is pictured as your main photo looks like the stove that my mom cooked on when I was a child. The only difference was that her stove was white.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

Thanks "AnnRandolph", please feel free to repost the article.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

"rdcast" you are most welcome..the picture you presented sounds so wonderful. Thanks for commenting.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

Yes, "davenmidtown" that is one of the better wood stoves, thanks for commenting.


rdcast profile image

rdcast 4 years ago from God's Green Earth

I used the chainsaw but much preferred the ax. It's been said and I agree, "chop once but warm twice" Ask if you don't understand the precept


Lateral3 profile image

Lateral3 4 years ago

Another good one Brie. Do you get any sleep?


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

I get it "rdcast", not sure that I would prefer an ax though.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

Lateral3, what do you mean "do you get any sleep"?


rdcast profile image

rdcast 4 years ago from God's Green Earth

Yes, the ax is very much the manly thing. It causes me to sweat, not to mention the fact that I'm not fond of the noise of the gas powered chainsaw. I want you to watch the chopping of wood. Chips fly and the sound is much affirming.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

I'm thinking of a solar powered chainsaw..maybe it's not as noisy.


rdcast profile image

rdcast 4 years ago from God's Green Earth

ew, not even


rdcast profile image

rdcast 4 years ago from God's Green Earth

the only thing I have against the gasoline chainsaw is that it's a small engine, requiring much maintenance


davenmidtown profile image

davenmidtown 4 years ago from Sacramento, California

I should mention...it came with their first house... at that time people were throwing them away to replace them with electric and gas units... I would like to try to live with that stove...


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

Do you still have it?


Lateral3 profile image

Lateral3 4 years ago

Brei. You're writing such good and plentiful hubs I wondered if you were burning the midnight oil. Non of my business of course; you write them, I'll read them.

Marked up.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

OH I get it! You know one of the reasons is that I found a really good website to post them on, so my traffic quadrupled and I couldn't keep up, I ran out of articles.

Furthermore, I seem to just have these "growth" spurts when I find a lot to write about or I discover things for myself and I want to share them.

In any case, I'm glad you liked then and thanks for marking it up.


rdcast profile image

rdcast 4 years ago from God's Green Earth

Are you saying your posts here drives traffic to other sites you have?


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

No, I post a link of this article on other sites and they come here.


Brie Hoffman profile image

Brie Hoffman 4 years ago from Manhattan Author

them not then


davenmidtown profile image

davenmidtown 4 years ago from Sacramento, California

@Brie: No... The stove was old when they bought the house, but my mom used it for well over 20 years....It became impossible to get parts and so was replaced...

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