Vegetable Garden Planner - Layout, Design, Plans for Small Home Gardens

If you have grown vegetables before you may have experienced the results of poor planning. You may have had a glut of lettuce, had zucchini piling up and turning to huge monsters. Yet you may have run short of many other things you had grown. With some better planning, designing and layout, you and your family, can enjoy having lots of fun, eating healthy home grown produce and reducing your grocery bills. You will be able to eat and enjoy a variety of delicious homegrown vegetables picked fresh from your garden.

At first planning a garden, big enough and diverse enough to feed your family can appear to be too hard. How many tomato plants should you plant to feed a family of four? How many carrots, onions, cauliflower, etc. Fortunately there are some good guidelines and the table shown below summarises how much of each type of vegetable to plant. The table is presented in term of row length and number of plants.

What Vegetables Should You Plant

The choice of vegetables depends on your individual or family preferences, the season, the space available and the soil and water.

Don't waste garden space producing wonderful crops of plants that no on in the family will eat.

Cater for your demand and don't plant all the seed at once. Sow seed successively into the space allocated so that you have an on-going supply.

This will takes some experience and you also need to know how long various vegetables take to grow and seasonal requirements.

Plants such tomatoes, broccoli, capsicums, lettuce,beans, peas, carrots and zucchini are all easy to grow and are always needed in the kitchen rewarding. You don't necessarily need a huge space as you can grow things in layers.

Permaculture is built on the principle of layers for garden design. Sustainable Permaculture gardens provide continuous yields for minimum effort once developed. These priciples can be applied to home gardens.

A well designed vegetable garden can be very attractive in your backyard and offer hours of enjoyment for the whole family. It can also save a lot of money.

There are some excellent websites that provide guidelines for designing various types of gardens. The images below provide examples of compact gardens you can grow for various purposes.

Source

Tips for Vegetable Garden Planning, Care and Maintenance

Consider freezing and preserving the excess -Tomatoes can be made into salsa, sauce, or frozen! You can freeze virtually all vegetables - including berries, beans, peas, tomatoes. You may have to blanche or briefly boil them. Preservation can also be very effective if you have the equipment.

Design Considerations fro Home Vegetable Gardens


Location - One of the really fundamental requirements for a successful vegetable garden is a sunny location, preferably out of the wind. Choose the sunniest location you have available. If you only have paved areas that get the sun then you can then plant your vegetables in containers such as large pots.

The Soil - The soil used for a vegetable garden has to have adequate organic material and have a good structure and be well-drained. This promotes rapid root growth and ensures that water, nutrients and air are available for the plants Of you have organic material such as compost, well-rotted animal manures this will enrich the soil and promote growth.

If you have to start from scratch by turning an area of lawn or degraded garden then consider using the "no-dig garden" approach for growing potatoes in layers of straw, hay and compost places directly onto a thick layer of old newspapers. See: Starting a New Garden the No Dig Way using in-Garden Composting and Potatoes

Sowing - The best way to sow the seeds is to dot them along a straight trench, dug to the depth required for the plant. The job of spacing out tiny seeds can be made a lot easier by mixing them with sand and then spreading the sand along the trench. Follow the directions on the pack when sowing the seeds. A general rule of thumb is not to plant the seed deeper than twice the diameter of the seed, but with a minimum depth of 1 cm (0.5 inch). Fill in the trench and pat down with a rake.

Water the surface of the soil using a fine spray or a watering can. Regular watering is required as the seeds germinate and start to grow. Depending on the size of he seed and the species the shoots should appear in several days to a week.

Coping with Pests - Try to be organic if you can, otherwise use low toxicity pesticides, such as Pyrethrum and non toxic biological control treatments such as Dipel (for caterpillars). Companion plantings, such as planting Marigolds around the base of tomato plants. A snail beer trap can work wonders and avoids the risk or kill your pets with commercial snail-baits. Simply bury a container level with the ground and fill it with beer. Snails and slugs find the beer irresistible and drown.

Happy Gardening!

© janderson99-HubPages

Planting Quantity Guide

Crop
Spacing of Plants
Per Person
Family of 4
Asparagus
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
5-10 plants
25 plants
 
 
6 foot (2m) row
25 ft (8m) row
Beans, Bush
2 plants per 1 foot(30cm) row
12-15 plants
45 plants
 
 
6 foot(2 m) row
18 foot (6m) row
Beans, Pole
3 plants per pole
4 poles
3 poles
Beets
Thin to 3 plants per 1 foot(30cm) row
20 plants
100 plants
 
 
6 foot(2m) row
30 feet(10m) row
Broccoli
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
3 Plants
6 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
6 foot(2m) row
Brussel Sprouts
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
3 plants
6 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
6 foot(2m) row
Cabbage
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
3 plants
6 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
6 foot(2m) row
Carrots
Thin to 12 plants per 1 foot(30cm) row
50 plants
150 Plants
 
 
4 foot (1.5m) row
12 feet (7.5m) row
Cauliflower
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
3 plants
6 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
6 foot(2m) row
Chard
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
3 plants
6 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
6 foot(2m) row
Corn
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
10-15 plants
40 plants in blocks
 
 
12 foot (4m) row
36 foot (8m) row
Cucumber
1 plant per 2 foot(60cm) row
1 vine
2 vines
 
 
2 bushes
4 bushes
Eggplant
1 plant per 2 foot(60cm) row
2-3 plants
7 plants
 
 
6 foot(2m) row
12 foot(6m) row
Garlic
3 plants per 1 foot(30cm)
10-15 plants
40 plants
 
 
6 foot (2m) row
18 foot (6m) row
Kale
3 plants per 1 foot(30cm)
3 plants
6 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
6 foot(2m) row
Lettuce, Leaf
Thin to 3 plants per 1 foot(30cm) row
24 plants
75 plants
 
 
8 foot (2.5m) row
26 foot(7.5m) row
Melon
1 plant per 6 foot(2m) row
1-2 plants
4 plants
 
 
18 foot(6m) row
36 foot (12m) row
Onion
4 sets per 1 foot(30cm) row
20 plants
60 plants
 
 
12 foot (4m) row
18 foot (6m) row
Peas
6 plants per 1 foot(30cm) row
15-20 plants
70 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
9 foot(3m) row
Pepper
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
3-5 plants
8-10 plants
 
 
4 foot(1.2m) row
8 foot(2.4m) row
Squash, Summer
6 plants in 2 Hills
6 plants in 2 Hills
18 plants in 3 Hills
 
 
4 foot(1.2m) row
8 foot(2.4m) row
Turnips
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
10 plants
60 plants
 
 
12 foot (4m) row
18 foot (6m) row
Potato
1 plant per 1 foot(30cm) row
10 plants
40 plants
 
 
10 foot(3m) row
40 foot(12m) row
Radishes
5 plants per foot(30cm)
15-20 plants
70 plants
 
 
3 foot(1m) row
9 foot(3m) row
Spinach
4 plants per 1 foot(30cm) row
15 plants
30 plants.
 
 
4 foot(1.2m) row
12 foot(4m) row
Squash
1 plant per 6 foot(2m) row
1-2 plants
3 plants
 
2 hills
12 foot (4m) row
18 foot(6m) row
Tomato
1 plant per 2 foot(60cm) row
2-4 plants
4-6 plants
 
 
6 foot (2m) row
12 foot (4m) row
Zucchini
1 plant per 3 foot(1m) row
1-2 plants
4 plants
 
 
6 foot (2m) row
12 foot (4m) row

© 2011 Dr. John Anderson

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Comments 6 comments

itsmonkeyboy profile image

itsmonkeyboy 5 years ago from London, UK

This is a very informative guide, thank you! We moved house recently and next year are planning to really get into growing our own fruit and veg, our tomatoes and potatoes were great this year but we didn't have enough. So next year, as you've mentioned, some planning ahead and experience learned, plus your helpful hub, will hopefully guide us to a fruitful year!


mvillecat profile image

mvillecat 5 years ago from Milledgeville, Georgia

Wonderful Hub. Due to the severe drought in the South (US)our garden has suffered. I hope we can have a better fall and winter bounty.


Jools99 profile image

Jools99 4 years ago from North-East UK

Great hub, very informative, the table at the end is very useful. Voted up.


erorantes profile image

erorantes 2 years ago from Miami Florida

I like your article about gardening. The boxes are an excellent idea. I always wanted to grow vegetables and fruits. Sometimes , I get lucky and the vegetables grow . The fruit trees always grow. It makes sense. The boxes keep the moist , so the vegetables's plants do not dry out. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. I like your hub. It has an excellent information mister jandderson99.


Margaret Gray profile image

Margaret Gray 7 months ago

For all you would be gardeners, this is easily the simplest information to follow. All you'll ever need to grow anything and everything. Get digging!!


MarleneB profile image

MarleneB 4 months ago from Northern California, USA

I absolutely love your "Planting Quantity Guide." This is an extremely valuable table of information, helping us easily determine how much to plant for our family.

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    Dr. John Anderson (janderson99)753 Followers
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    John uses scientific skills (PhD) and 30 years experience as a home gardener to develop reviews & advice about gardening, organic methods



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