Growing Orchids at Home
Growing Orchids at Home
Orchids are mysterious and beautiful flowers. The family of these plants is the largest and most diversified among the flowering plants. Some fossils found show that the origin of these plants is before the man and date from the Mesozoic era.
The first written records about orchids, are in a natural history book written by the Greek Teofratos, a disciple of Aristotle, about the year 300 b.C. The name was given to the species due to the Greek word "orchis", meaning "testicle," because of the format of the plant roots.
The vast majority of orchid species are located in tropical areas. Brazil is a country very rich in these plants, as well as Ecuador and Colombia. Among the most coveted species of this plant are Cattleya maxima from Peru, Cattleya lueddemanniana, Venezuela, mendelii Cattleya, Oncidium Colombia baueri, found in northern South America and the rare and beautiful Cattle Walkeriana Witch. Despite its elegant and fragile appearance, growing orchids at home is not as difficult as you imagine. Taking care of some factors, the flower will grow and grow beautiful.
The best types of pots for growing orchids are clay and plastic, seek to give preference to vessels stuck on the sides for better ventilation and drainage. Attention also to the size of the container, which should not be too large: adjust the size of the plant to be cultivated. The flower should not be planted directly in the ground. It should be planted in a substrate to ensure good aeration, nutrients, maintaining its moisture and other factors. There are different types of materials that can be used for planting in the substrate, such as coir, pine bark, charcoal, gravel or expanded clay.
Do not water the plant too much, too much moisture affect the plant because it increases the proliferation of fungi and bacteria, causing the orchid from decomposing. The frequency of irrigation is one of the most difficult issues when it comes to growing orchids, genus and species exist that ask a different kind of attention, but as a rule, a moist substrate, while it is dry is enough for the plant to remain healthy. The frequency of watering if the plant also depends on the season, in summer, as the substrate dry faster, the water must be more frequent. In winter, should be more spaced. Remember that it is easier to kill the orchid by excess water than from lack.
In general, orchids should not receive direct sunlight. Put them in slatted or other foliage, simulating the conditions that they would be in nature. To check whether the amount of light your plant is receiving is adequate, a tip is to keep an eye on the color of leaves, one is with a green color similar to the color of lettuce, means that the amount of light received is good.