How to Paint Walls and Ceilings

How to Paint Walls and Ceilings

Did you know that the paint cans contain instructions? And you thought it was just open the can and spread some paint on the wall and the service is done.

Painting is a relatively inexpensive way to make a dull room into a room full of life. This of course if you do the task. If you have ever asked for a budget for painting you must have been amazed at the amount requested by the painter to do the job. It is true that the cost of a painting includes many hours of preparation, cleaning, protection of walls and all this has to be done before you even open the paint can.

It takes many steps and many tools to ensure that the final product is great. So make sure you have time and will before embarking on a project like this.

Buy the Paint

Before purchasing paint you will need two things: (1) know the size of the division that you will paint, and (2) what kind of paint you want. Knowing the size of the room will allow you to purchase the right amount of paint so you don't have to go back to the store in the middle of work.

Find the area of ​​the room

To find the area of ​​a room, you need to measure the width and length and then multiply the two figures. For example, if your division is five meters wide by 6 meters long, then the area is 30 square meters.

Choosing the right paint

Different paints serve different purposes and we are not talking about color. We are talking about finishing. For example, if the room you want to paint is used very often, then you'll want a paint with a smooth finish to make cleanup easier. If the walls of the room have already a few cracks, then choose a matte paint that covers imperfections better. For walls that have never been painted or have been recently refurbished is necessary to apply a primer before the final paint.

Prepare the room

Prepare a room for painting can be a very long and tedious. Not only the size of the room is time-consuming but also the quantity of items and condition of the walls.

Start by removing everything from the walls and cabinets and move all furniture to the center of the room. Dust off everything, including ceiling fans, baseboards and window troughs.

Cover all furniture with plastic or old sheets. Cover the entire floor with rags and newspapers around the whole room.

Now that the walls are completely accessible and no objects on the way, you have a better perspective of the work that awaits you. With the help of a hammer, remove all the nails in the walls. Review all the walls and flag all points with holes, cracks or dents that need to be arranged prior to painting.

After arranging all the imperfections in the walls, you need to re-clean them. Any dirt or dust on the walls before painting will be noted after the job is finished. If you have pets at home, this step is very important. Use a sponge and soapy water to wash the walls. Start at the top and work down. After washing the walls let everything dry for several hours.

With a screwdriver, remove all electrical outlets from walls. Apply masking tape across the hole made. If you're painting the ceiling too, remove all lights and close the holes where they were attached. If you have a ceiling fan, remove it also.

Now you need to place painter duct tape around all doors, windows and baseboards.

Painting the room

To begin, use a screwdriver to open the can of paint. Now pour a little paint in the container for the paint roller. Close the tin. Place the brush or roller in the paint and drain any excess in the drainer tray roll. Much paint will cause streaks and marks on walls.

Start painting

The order in which to paint a room is: (1) ceiling, (2) primary if necessary, (3) walls, (4) doors and windows, (5) footers.

The Ceiling

One of the biggest mistakes when painting a room is to forget to paint the ceiling. Painting the ceiling is difficult and often requires a ladder to do so. But if you do not paint the ceiling, the difference between it and the walls freshly painted will be noted in the distance.

Before starting to paint, attach the corner brush to an extender and start to paint a corner. Do not paint a very large area so the paint begins to dry and late notices the difference. Always work in sections. Paint the rest of the ceiling with a paint roller. The advantage of painting ceilings is probably that one layer of paint will be enough.


The primary is more dense than normal paint, and probably will need more quantity for the same area. You can apply the same way as primary applies normal paint.

The Walls

Start by painting a corner of the wall with a corner brush and always work in sections as you did to the ceiling. With the roller, first paint in zig-zag and then fill the rest. This will cause the direction of the painting not to be noticed at the end. Let the paint dry for three hours and at the end decide whether you need to make another layer.

Doors, windows and baseboards

When painting around doors use a small brush, always be careful not to apply too much paint at a time. Be careful not to drip paint and pass the duct tape covering the footer or frame.

Tricks of paint:

  • Keep the room you are painting well ventilated.
  • Use synthetic brushes for latex and oil paints.
  • Never put too much paint on the roller or brush.
  • Use a brush corner to paint the corner of the room or areas of difficult access.
  • If you pause, wrap the brushes and rollers in plastic to prevent them from drying out
  • Always put the lid on the paint can after use.
  • Ask for a can opener for cans of paint when you go to the store. They are usually free.

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