Basics of Pear Trees
The fruit of the pear tree has been popular in England and North America but it doesn't match the widespread acceptance of apples. Pear trees grow all around the world, from Europe to Asia, and in North America as well.
Pears are traditionally eaten raw or used in cooking. Many meat recipes include uses of pear. Pear juicer recipes are rather popular because of the nature of peach flesh. It is usually juicier and softer than that of an apple, many people prefer apples to pears for that very matter.
Pears are used in a traditional English alcoholic beverage called cider. This is a wine-like drink made of either apples or pears, but rarer fruit ciders are also available.
Virtually all pear trees lose their leaves in autumn, with the rare exception of south Asian variations that are evergreen and keep leaves during all seasons. Size and shape of the fruit varies from variation to variation, but in Europe the dominant type is the one of oval shape with a bigger spherical end.
Pear has been cultivated from a handful of wild species originated from west Asia and Europe. In england mammals and birds spread their seeds therefore wild pear trees are common sight thorough the country. In the 70's most of pear orchards died in England, thus a few variations are now hard to come by.
Pollination, propagation is very similar to the methods used on apple trees. Apple and pear trees are of the same plant family. Most often used method of reproduction grafting. A tree is grown from seed then another variation's branch is cut into it. This keeps a higher quality of pears, because most species that can be reproduced from seed yield lower quality fruit.
Roots of the pear tree go deep. This means that they're particularly fitted for lower quality, sandy soil. Pear trees are middle sized, they rarely grow larger than 40-50 feet. Planting them in autumn is advised. Seeds should be planted 8-10 feet apart depending on type of the tree.
When deciding on the variation to grow in the garden, make sure to check how high the particular type grows and what requirements it has in terms of room for roots. The fertilization process is similar to that of the apple tree, you will need to plant at least two trees to ensure flowers are fertilized.
If you chose to grow your own pear tree, you will be able to buy one or two year old trees that bear fruits in two years.
Photo used is taken by See-ming Lee 李思明 SML
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