Swimming Pool Leaks
Swimming Pool Leaks
One of the most serious problems that may occur in a swimming pool is to have a leak (or several). Structural damage are the most susceptible as they may call into question not only the integrity of the pool and its equipment, but also seriously damage the surrounding area.
Some of the more frequent leaks - and also the easiest to fix - occur in the pipe and visible components such as the pump or the filter. However, the worst happens when there is a leak in places that are not immediately visible, and the infiltration of water is directed to underground. There are few visible signs that might help confirm the existence of a leak, if you suspect that it exists:
- The most obvious is the existence of cracks inside the pool. Although not all necessarily involve a leak, will be a strong indicator of its existence;
- Loose tiles may also indicate a leak: they have gone completely or be only a respite;
- Fractures or cracks from the deck, other components or areas surrounding the pool can mean infiltration into soil;
- Roots of trees can raise the pipe, the deck or the pool itself, causing damage and leakage.
On the other hand, the signs are not always visible to the naked eye, and careful attention is needed to confirm not only the existence of the leak, but also its location. There are some simple tests that do not require much effort and they let you know whether it is in fact a leak in the pool.
- Evaporation Test: This test will allow you not only locate the leak, but rather to confirm its existence - a first step that ultimately is as important as any other. First turn off the pump in order to halt the movement of water. Then fill a bucket with pool water and place it next to this. Mark the water level in the bucket and the pool water. After a few days, check back the two levels: the effect of natural evaporation, the difference between the initial and current registration must be equal to either the bucket or the pool, which means that there is no escape. If the difference between the registers is significantly higher than in the pool, in this case has confirmed the existence of a leak: the next step is to locate it.
- Ink Test: basically, the test involves the application of colored ink in places where there is suspicion that the leak - if the ink disappears, the leak is found. It is based on visual analysis, so you will need to wear a swimsuit and give a swim.
You will need an ink that is not harmful, such as food coloring. Then go to the pool, with the movement stopped, and thoroughly clean the surface (it is common that small cracks maybe concealed under the dirt). Start looking for clues for water line, giving special attention to loose tiles (as stated above). When a suspect location, squirt some ink for that area, if indeed there is a leak, the ink will be sucked rather than remain static in the water. The sooner it is sucked, the bigger the leak.
Sites that involve holes or cuts in the structure of the pool - as the skimmer, main drain outlets, stairs, handrails, etc.. - Should receive special attention. If the ink is sucked into the skimmer, the main drain or the return is a sign that the leak is in the pipe.
- Flow Test: An alternative to the previous test is to simply let water drain out. It is a fallback option, required for example if the idea of walking to inspect the bottom of the swimming pool does not attract.
As before, begin by stopping the circuit and check the water level. Repeat this procedure every day, always noting the differences. What happens is that a given point, the water level is below the leak: you know when this happens when the lowering of water undergoes a significant change. Therefore you know that the leak will be somewhere in that level, and can then make, with greater probability, the ink test (needing to restore some water to slightly raise the level).
With these tests you should at least confirm the existence of the leak. If you did not find it, the solution will turn to professional help. The repair technicians and services have advanced material that can identify not only the location but also the severity of the leak, and repair it.
Eventually, and depending on the severity of the leak, you may have to resort to professionals to fix it. But from the outset to identify the location, you can save hours of work, which obviously translates into financial savings. Reason enough to have this "work"!