Uses of lemons
Rarely eaten on its own lemons are indispensable ingredient in the kitchen, useful for their aromatic qualities and their sharp acidic flavour. Lemon juice can be used instead of vinegar in sauces, for seasoning vinaigrette and mayonnaise and an instant dressing for fish and shellfish.
It can also be squeezed over certain fruit and vegetables such as apple and celeriac to prevent them from discolouring.
Lemon zest is used to add flavour or shredded and used as a classic garnish. lemon wedges can be used to squeeze over many different dishes to enliven them as it acts as a flavour enhancer. Lemon is also a classic flavour for sweet dishes such as souffles and ice creams.
4. JULIENNE STRIPS
An alternative and pretty decoration for a variety of sweet and savoury dishes.
5. CANDIED LEMON SLICES
These can be served with meats such as pork or duck or used in desserts. The slices can be soaked in orange liqueur before adding to desserts. Candied lemon slices are good dipped in chocolate and eaten as a sweet.
6. DRIED LEMONS
These are used in dried flower arrangement and in potpourri, where they add a pleasant lemony smell.
6 Ways to Prepare and Cut Lemons
1. PEELED RIND
This is added to stocks to give a lemon flavour and to counteract any greasy aftertaste. Normally discarded after cooking.
2. GRATE LEMON RIND
Sometimes called zest, this can be grated finely or coarsely, according to your recipe requirements.
Coarsely grated rind can be added to soups, certain savoury dishes and pudding where a lemony flavour is required. it is particularly good added to chicken and duck recipes, in curries and in rich stews. to counteract any greasiness and enhance the flavour.
Finely grated rind similarly adds a delicate subtle lemon flavour to dishes and is suitable for sauces cakes, ice creams and sorbets.
3. WEDGES AND SLICES
Used for garnishing and serving. Lemon wedges tend to be served mainly with fish, rice and other savoury dishes so that extra lemon juice can be squeezed on to the food. Lemon slices can be cut into a variety of pretty shapes and used as a decoration for sweet dishes. They are also refreshing added to water or any cool fruit juice or cocktail and are indispensable in certain alcoholic drinks
Smelly Microwave - Use Lemon to clean it.
If you find that the smells from your microwave oven are not going away after a regular cleaning with soap and water, use lemon juice to do the job.
1. Add the juice of half a lemon to one cup water and heat in the microwave on High for one minute.
2. Then keep the door closed for a few minutes and finally wipe the interior dry.
The lingering odors will have disappeared.
Tips in using lemons
- Lemon juice is a valuable source of Vitamin C, whenever possible avoid destroying this by adding lemon juice to dishes after they have cooked.
- To extract the maximum amount of juice from a lemon, bring to room temperature and then roll on a work surface for a few minutes before squeezing. Alternatively, microwave for 30 seconds on a high setting which warms the fruit, yielding more juice.
- Bring out the flavour of mangoes, papaya and guavas by sprinkling with lemon juice.
- Use the pips and juice of a lemon when making jam. lemon is good source of pectin which helps set jam with poor setting properties. The lemon also brings out the flavour of the fruit.
- Eliminate smells from your fridge by arranging four or five lemon slices on the shelves and in the door of an empty fridge Leave for several hours before removing.
- Don't discard squeezed-out fruit. Rub over copper pans and basins with a little salt to make them shine.
Use Lemon to get rid of wooden ware odours
Wooden bowls, spoons, salads, utensils and chopping boards have a tendency to pick up and hold odors from such pungent foods as garlic and onions.
Get rid of the odors on these wooden kitchen products by rubbing the surface with the cut side of a lemon. Let it dry before washing as usual.
Keeping cut fruit from turning brown
- Apples are among the quickest fruits to turn brown after cutting but lemons can help them to look and taste fresher long after they have been cut. As you pare them, place the apples into a pan of cold water containing a few drops of lemon juice. If you are planning on eating only half an apple, quickly rub a wedge of melon or a small amount of lemon juice over the portion you intend to save for later.
- When preparing cut fruit ahead of time for a fruit salad or other purpose, add lemon juice immediately upon slicing the fruit so that it will not brown or darken. The juice of ½ lemon should be enough for a quart or two of cut fruit. If you want to use only half of an avocado, apple, pear banana or other type of fresh fruit, rub a section of lemon or lemon juice over the remaining half immediately upon cutting it, then cover and refrigerate.
Removing garlic and onion odours from hands
Lemons can be used to remove the stubborn odors of garlic and onion from hands after handling these foods.
Rub your hands with a piece of cut lemon or the juice from a lemon and make certain to get the juice under the nails and around the cuticles. Follow by rinsing hands with water.
Use lemon as aluminum cookware cleaner
Lemon juice can be used effectively to remove interrior discoloration that marks the surface of your aluminum cookware. This can be achieved by filling the discolored pan with water and lemon juice.
- Add one tablespoon of lemon juice per quart of water
- Simmer until discoloration is gone.
- Complete the task by scourging with a steel wool pad.
Chopping board stain remover
From grease stains to vegetable and fruit stains, lemon can help you to restore discolored chopping boards to their original color. Simply rub the chopping board with lemon juice until the stains come out. Your chopping board will look much better and smell better too.
- Lemon slices can be frozen.
- Store lemons in the vegetable crisper in the fridge where they will keep for several weeks or in the fruit bowl for a shorter time.
- Check them often - if one starts to spoil the rest will quickly follow.
Buying and Storing Lemons
- Always buy the largest and freshest lemon yo can find.
- Choose fruit that is truly lemon yellow. Butter-yellow lemons may have lost some of their acidity in ripening
- If possible buy unwaxed fruit, especially if you intend to use the skin.
- Cut lemons should be wrapped in clear film and used as soon as possible
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