# CRYPTIC CROSSWORDS BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE LESSON # 4 ABBREVIATIONS

## A CRYPTIC CROSSWORDS BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE

Can you solve this simple cryptic clue?

Edward is in the car to get wood. [5]

This is an example of how abbreviations work to provide a simple answer to a clue that is difficult to fathom if you are not a seasoned cryptic solver.

The pro would see right away that the answer is CEDAR. After this lesson you will be better prepared in future. In this example Edward becomes ED and the clue says “in the car” thus we put Ed in the car like this: C [ED] AR

Keep in mind if having trouble solving certain cryptic clues that perhaps the key to the solution is an abbreviated word.

Abbreviations come in many forms. Any word, name or object can be abbreviated in cryptic clues and it is always wise to be aware of this important fact..

Take a state for example, Florida is FL, a pole is N or S for north or south but thisgeneral type of abbreviation does not entirely satisfy the cryptic setter.

You will findabbreviations in every puzzle in unexpected ways but if you study the clues carefully and always be on the lookout for the indicator you will soon become an expert at putting all the pieces of the puzzle together. In the example the indicator would be the word “in” [inside] the car.

Remember this when reading a cryptic clue. There are two ways to solve it. One part is a straight definition the other is a play on words. Once you discover the answer to a clue you will realize the importance attributed to each word. Ninety nine percent of the time the definition is either at the beginning or at the end of the clue. It is up to the solver to establish the definition and separate it from the wordplay. The number one rule in cryptic solving is “Establish the straight definition in the clue and work from there. It may seem difficult at first but will come easier with practice. Once you establish the definition you know you are looking for a straight answer. The rest of the clue words can be broken down to confirm the answer. When you have the correct answer you will know it by the way the wordplay simplifies the solution.

In the example the straight definition is “wood” for which CEDAR is the correct answer.

Note that if this was a simple crossword puzzle the clue would be one word “wood”

This lesson gives examples of how to locate the abbreviated form and thus use it as theinstrument to solving the clue.

Rather than complicate matters with further instructions, study the clues below and try to determine the answers with the little information already provided for you.

You may not solve too many yet but that is OK.A new door will open for you each and every time you figure out the solution. When finished go over the answers because this is where the real education begins. Every answer explained becomes a revelation within itself. Hang in there and you will become very smart person and the envy of your friends.

In clue No 1 the straight definition is Band, The play on words is to go around and tops is the abbreviated word. I hope this helps get you started.

CLUES

1. Band to go around opening tops. [7]     ………………………… C
2. Obsessed invasion hides bug. [5]   ………………………………... R
3. Cut acetylene hose at the front. [4]  ……………………………    G
4. Missouri girls like sweet stuff. [8]  ……………………………   ....M
5. Extra hardcover material. [5] …………………………………… ...... P
6. Priest accepts role to get beyond. [7] ……………………………  F
7. Sitting around department drugged. [7]   ……………………… S
8. Incantations opens perilous pit. [7]  ……………………………    M
9. King for example keeps a cask of beer. [3] ……………………  K
10. A way around twin lakes leads to a country house. [5]…  V
11. Montreal official frees the RCMP. [8]  …………………………      M
12. Damage includes eastern group of women. [5]  …………    H
13. Parrots master bird sounds. [6]  ………………………………       M
14. Leading usher awaits tips. ………………………………………          U
15. That lady has other idol. [4]………………………………………         H

1. CIRCLET for band. To go around = CIRCLE + [T] opening of tops.

2. RABID for obsessed. Invasion = RAID hides abbreviated bug RA [B] ID.

3. GASH for cut. Acetylene = GAS + H [hose at the front].

4. MOLASSES for like sweet stuff.  Short for Missouri is MO + LASSES [girls].

5. PLUSH for material. Extra = PLUS + H [the first letter of hardcover].

6. FARTHER for to get beyond. Priest = FA [R] THER accepting R for role.

7. SEDATED for drugged.  SE [D] ATED, seated around department [D].

8. MANTRAP for pit. Incantations = MANTRA + P [perilous opening letter].

9. KEG for a cask of beer. King = K + EG [for example].

10. VILLA for a country house. VI [LL] A is a way around [VIA] twin lakes LL.

11. MOUNTIES for the RCMP. MO = Montreal officials + UNTIES [frees].

12. HAREM for group of women. Damage is harm. HAR [E] M includes E for eastern.

13. MACAWS for parrots. Master is abbreviated MA + CAWS for bird sounds.

14. UPENDS for tips. Leading usher = U+PENDS [awaits].

15. HERO for idol. That woman = HER + O [other].

crypticpro 7 years ago from http://www.johnstewartbooks.weebly.com/ Author

Can you solve this simple cryptic clue?

Edward is in the car to get wood. [5]

This is an example of how abbreviations work to provide a simple answer to a clue that is difficult to fathom if you are not a seasoned cryptic solver.

The pro would see right away that the answer is CEDAR. After this lesson you will be better prepared in future. In this example Edward becomes ED and the clue says “in the car” thus we put Ed in the car like this: C [ED] AR

Keep in mind if having trouble solving certain cryptic clues that perhaps the key to the solution is an abbreviated word.

Abbreviations come in many forms. Any word, name or object can be abbreviated in cryptic clues and it is always wise to be aware of this important fact..

Want to know more? Check out lesson # 4 ABBREVIATIONS