CRYPTIC CROSSWORDS BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE LESSON # 5 SOURCES OF DOUBLE LETTERS

LESSON # 5

SOURCES OF DOUBLE LETTERS

 

Double letter combinations, like single letters are used extensively by puzzle creators to facilitate their work. Abbreviations are the main source of double letters but they are not alone. Symbols play an important part and also certain conventions, some of which make you wonder.

CE is often used to mean church. Since cryptic puzzles have originated in England CE could have come to mean church of England. CH is also used as an abbreviation for church.

PS is the abbreviation for postscript and is described as an afterthought or something added in a cryptic clue.

ER represents queen short for Elizabeth Royal. ER may also be described in a clue as with hesitation.

States such as California is CA or Florida FL and so on. Short names like AL for Albert and ED for Edward are often used while ED can also be defined for editor.

Cryptic creators are artists always looking to create something new, so don’t be surprised to find clues like the first half of show [sh] , the second half of test [st], the middle of summer [mm] or an empty nest [nt]. A favorite is a good man [st] short for saint.

AM and PM are of course morning and evening with clue references like before noon and late in the day.

A sailor is AB for able seaman also defined as a tar, a salt, mariner,etc.

SS is the term for a steamship. If a clue says "on board" it could be looking for SS as aboard ship.

The above is a partial list of the many sources of double letters. As you continue with the lesson you will discover the trickery by studying the clues beforehand , perhaps solving a few at this stage, and comparing the answers. As always with cryptic puzzles studying the answers opens up a whole new area of understanding.

The development and expansion of your mental abilities continues its natural evolution as a consequence,and you gradually become competent in many different areas of the cryptic spectrum.

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DOUBLE LETTER LESSON

CLUES

1. Little Alan takes a limb to sound a warning. [ 5........................  L 

2. Woman is insane before morning. [ 5.] ......................................M 

3. Violently shake Chinese vase. [ 5.]  ...........................................C 

4. Amazed silver got back less time. [ 4.]  .......................................A 

5. The Middle East initially is the subject. [ 5.]  ................................T 

6. Any about to depart may create suffering. [ 5.]  ..........................A 

7. Fed up with hesitation and delay. [ 5.]  .......................................D 

8. Transport a road vehicle by railway. [ 5.]  ...................................C 

9. Small sprite within. [ 5.]    .............................................................E 

10. Weapon that is a two edged knife. [ 5.] .....................................B 

11. Father meets a girl - a Spanish dish. [ 6. ]  ................................P 

12. Song performed by little Sally in the afternoon. [ 5.] ..................P 

13. Create nearly identical copies one hundred and fifty one. [ 5.]...C

14. The sailor is employed and then mistreated. [ 6.] .......................A 

15. Last two letters returned to me relates to a disease germ. [ 4.] ...Z 

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DOUBLE LETTER LESSON

 

ANSWERS

 

1. ALARM for sound a warning. Little Alan = AL. Takes a limb = ARM.

 

2. MADAM for woman. Is insane = MAD. Before morning = AM.

 

3. CHURN for violently shake. CH = Chinese. Vase = URN.

 

4. AGOG for amazed. Silver = AG [symbol for silver.] Got back = TOG [got

reversed.] Less time [T] OG.

 

5. THEME for subject. THE + ME [ Middle East initials.]

 

6. AGONY for suffering. ANY is placed around GO [ to depart ] A [ GO ] NY

 

7. DEFER for delay. Fed up = DEF [fed rev.] ER for hesitation. DEF + ER.

 

8. CARRY for transport. A road vehicle = CAR+ RY = railway abbreviated.

 

9. ELFIN for small. Sprite = ELF+ IN [with-in.]

 

10. BOWIE for two edged knife. Weapon = BOW + IE [that is = IE.]

 

11. PAELLA for a Spanish dish. Father = PA. Meets a girl = ELLA. PA+ELLA.

.

12. PSALM for song. Little Sally = SAL. In the afternoon = PM. P [SAL] M

 

13. CLONE for create nearly identical copies.

 

One hundred and fifty = CL [roman numerals] + ONE.

 

14. ABUSED for mistreated. AB = sailor. Employed = USED. AB+USED.

 

15. ZYME for disease germ. Last two letters YZ [ last two letters of the

alphabet] returned = ZY to ME = ZY+ME

Comments 2 comments

crypticpro profile image

crypticpro 7 years ago from http://www.johnstewartbooks.weebly.com/ Author

The sailor is employed and then mistreated. 6.

Can you solve this clue.It is based on the double letter theme which you will learn all about by studying this lesson

Double letter combinations, like single letters are used extensively by puzzle creators to facilitate their work. Abbreviations are the main source of double letters but they are not alone. Symbols play an important part and also certain conventions.Once you find out you will realize that it is not so difficult but rather a fun thing to use your brain to decode the messages

The answer to the clue above, if you haven't already figured it out, is in the text of the lesson.


Nickny79 profile image

Nickny79 7 years ago from New York, New York

But you gave away the answer to this one already, did you not? Or am I being abused? ;)

This hub is quite unique. I really appreciate the contribute. I put out tabloids by comparison.

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