The History and Origin of Halloween,
Halloween - a pagan celebration
A small light is shining, in the dark, inside a pumpkin grimacing. Children are dressed up (witch, werewolf, Frankenstein, vampire and many others) and they are knocking at your door. ... Here is the atmosphere of the evening of October 31st.
But the origins of this Pagan festival is a bit more complicated ... if you want to know his origins, I advise you to read this ...Contrarily to other festivals of our calendar (Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, etc...), Halloween is a pagan celebration (that means there is no relation to Christianity).
The origin of this festival date back to the ancient time in year 2500 before J.C The SAMHAIN (or Samain, Samhna, Saman, Samonios), one of four major Celtic festival (feast of Spring IMBOLC early February, feast of summer BELTANE, LUGNASAD Autumn Festival early August, SAMHAIN Day Winter early November).
At that time, the Celts celebrated the Samhain which could last from 3 to 15 days before the end of November. It was the end of the harvest and also the end of summer and the beginning of the winter. It was time of festivity; granaries were full and it was also the New Year which began the night of October 31 to the first November. But it was also a moment of fear because winter was associated to Death ... It was a night marked by a ceremony, because for the Celts, during this night, the Death spirits could return to their home and the living should receive them ... but.... Opening the doors of the other world also allowed the intrusion of evil spirits who were playing tricks to living people. And the people who were death during the year should go in the other world and The god of the dead SAMHAIN collect this souls and tell them their fate (heaven or Paradise)
Here was how the ceremony took place ... the Druids (Celtic priests) wore long white dress (to mislead the evil spirits and to look at their eyes to ghosts), they catch large fires and organized ceremonies. Meanwhile, heads of family extinguishing his fireplace from home and joined the village green. Druids turn off the sacred fire to mark the renewal that will come with the new year and honoured the god of the sun (Been god in Celtic mythology) and turn it back by rubbing dry branches of an oak sacred until they ignite a new fire in honoured of Sun God. Each head of family received an ember to ignite a new fire in his home. This sacred fire was not extinguished until the following autumn protected each house of evil spirits. Before joined everyone in the village green, the Celts left offerings at their doors to calm spirits and death souls. And all the night villagers danced, disguised and they wearing lanterns made of turnips
If you want read more,click here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halloween and http://www.history.com/minisite.do?content_type=Minisite_Generic&content_type_id=713&display_order=1&mini_id=1076
Legend of Jack-o`-lantern
Towards 1646à following a starvation, the Irish people leave their country and immigrate to the USA, taking inside her luggage customs and culture. They bring with them a legend of "Jack the Smith" .. who becomes the legend of Jack-o`-lantern, said the stingy, Jack meets Satan watch Toussaint. Before leaving with him on his last trip, Jack, without a penny on it, wants to offer him a final pint of beer.
To pay, Satan turns into coin, immediately retracted in the pocket of Jack. Trapped, the devil gives him a reprieve.
Since that day, Jack wandered in the darkness between heaven and hell.
Remembering the North American houses are illuminated once a year, on October 31, a Jack-O-Lantern Halloween, a hollowed pumpkin with a nose, eyes and a candle inside to dance shadows.
Click here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stingy_Jack, if you want read more about the legend of Jack-o^-lantern
Witch and his black cat
History of name Halloween and Catholic church
The first century A.D. the Romans conquered the Celts and they include parts of their festivals; Feralia (festival to honoured the dead ) and Pomona ( a harvest festival named after the goddess of fruit (apples and trees.)
Later it was the turn of the Christian church, around the eight century, they celebrated on november1st "All Saints'Day " , is a feast to honoured all of the saints that didn't have a special day of their own. Over the years these festivals combined, the mass held on All Saints' Day was called Allhallowmas (the mass of all Hallows - saintly people). The night before was known as All Hallows Eve.
The Roman Catholic Church want attempt to detract attention from the Halloween who is a pagan Celebration....But this didn't work. It was Popes Gregory III and Gregory officially established for all Catholic churches a feast of All Saint's Day on November 1st.
So, Halloween is shortened from "All Hallows' Evening," or the night before the" All Hallows" "Hallow" is an Old English word for "holy person" .All Saint's Day is also called All Hallows or Hallowmas or All Hallows' Day.
For Christians, the origins, history, and current practices of Halloween has its root in Satan, the author of deception.
If you want read more click here http://catholicism.about.com/b/2007/10/18/halloween-a-catholic-view.htm
halloween - nowaday and the colours of this traditional festival
Today ...Halloween it's a big celebration in USA, CANADA and they includes all of these influences (Celts, Roman and Christians ) so you can see apples, nuts, black cats, evil spirits, wizards, vampires, ghost and the Death.
In October stores in the U.S. are their highest turnover of the year and Children all the month of October prepare Halloween: they decorate their homes, create their dress with the help of their mom and prepare for trick or treat with a pillow sham to collect a lot candy.
And the night of October 31, they marched through the streets and knock to doors but not all doors ... only when a "Jack-o'-lantern" (the famous lantern pumpkin) is on a house before they can strike the door and threatening the occupants with the sentence: "Trick or treat!" (Candy or a bad round!). They then receive full handfuls of candy or a few times the money that people stand ready at their disposal. Normal, nobody wants to get angry with Frankenstein or Dracula, although it is tiny.
European does also this celebration but is nothing compares to USA and the Church doesn't really agree with this celebration.
And the night of October 31, they marched through the streets and knock to doors but not all doors ... only when a "Jack-o'-lantern" (the famous lantern pumpkin) is on a house before they can strike the door and threatening the occupants with the sentence: "Trick or treat!" (candy or a bad round!). They then receive full handfuls of candy or a few times the money that people stand ready at their disposal. Normal, nobody wants to get angry with Frankenstein or Dracula, although it is tiny.
And finally the colours of this traditional festival are orange and black but ... the purple, red and green are also widely used today, but used in advertisements devoted to Halloween for several decades. The Neepy Candle "has been replaced by Jack-o'-lantern carved it into a pumpkin or gourd
If you want read more about this theme , click here , http://www.goireland.com/BLOG/Article/Halloween-In-Ireland.html