Franchising Water Refiling Station
FOR FRANCHISING CONTACT: PAUL TAN - 09178057036
Water Refilling Station (A Study)
The demand at the water refilling stations - water stores that sell purified water - is now increasing. The quality of purified water conforms to the national standards for drinking water and is even better than quality of water produced by traditional water supply systems in terms of removed impurities.
Over the years, as the demand for cleaner water becomes higher, the price of household water purifiers and bottled water has become prohibitive. Water refilling stations managed by private entrepreneurs offer a cheaper and more convenient solution to the public's drinking water needs than bottled water or the use of household filters.
At present, about 3,000 water refilling stations have proliferated nationwide. They sell purified water of comparable quality with bottled water at a lower price. For example, the current price per gallon of refilled purified water in Metro Manila ranges from P50 to P120 per 5-gallon container or about P2.50 to P6.00 per liter while the bottled water is sold at P12.00 to P25.00 per lliter. Household filters, on the other hand, cost P5,000 to P25,000 per unit (1 US $ = P49 in 2009).
In Metro Manila, most of the water refilling stations is connected to the pipes of two concessionaires: Maynilad Water Company for their source of raw water while in other areas they opt to use private deep wells. The "potable water" supplied by the providers is then further purified by utilizing a combination of water treatment equipment, such as sediment filters, carbon filters, water softeners, reverse osmosis membranes, ultra-violet lamps, and ozone generators. Typical water refilling stations can produce 3,000 to 12,000 liters of purified water per day. In previous years, most of the people were bringing a container to a water refilling station to buy purified water.
Nowadays, because of convenience on the part of the consumers, purified water in 5-gallon (22.7 liters) containers is delivered by the station directly to the people's home.
FEATURES OF A WATER REFILLING STATION
Structurally, water refilling station can be operated with a minimum area of at least 20-25 square meters. It comprises the following sections: refilling and selling room, enclosed water purification room, container washing and sanitizing room, storage room for empty and refilled containers, source water storage facility, toilet and an office. To operate the water store, about five employees are needed.
1 - Manager who overseas operations at least 4 hours a day, 1 Accountant Bookkeeper which makes financial statement of business operations, 1 Administrative assistant which logs and handles cash sales and purchases, 1 Front Liner who accepts and refills containers of customers, 1 Technical Asst. who maintains and runs the machine and 1 Driver/Delivery Man to transport refilled containers to customer;s home.
The efficiency of water purification system in removing impurities is high. The 10 water quality parameters measured by Magtibay (2001) showed an average of 80 percent efficiency.
Institutions and policies
The agencies directly involved in the establishment operation of water refilling stations are as follows:
- The Department of Health (DOH). DOH is the main agency responsible for protecting the health of the people. The Sanitation Code of the Philippines mandates DOH in protecting drinking water quality. Consequently, DOH issues implementing rules and regulations prescribing sanitary standards for water supply systems, including water refilling stations.
- The Center for Health Development (CHD) is the regional branch of DOH. Its main function is to provide technical assistance to local government units and to monitor DOH programme implementation which includes water quality and sanitation standards. For water refilling stations, CHD is mandated to issue initial and operational permits.
- The Local Government Units (LGUs) are mandated by Presidential Decree (PD 856) to issue sanitary permit, sanitary clearance, health certificates, certificate of potability, drinking water site clearance and closure order (if necessary) and to conduct sanitary inspection of WRS.
- The Water Quality Association of the Philippines Inc. (WQAP) is an organization of private firms who are engaged in the manufacture, sale, and distribution of water refilling station equipment and supplies, as well as water treatment and purification equipment and technology for household, institutional, commercial and industrial applications. About 85 percent of its 250 members operate water refilling stations.
- Association of Water Refilling Entrepreneurs (AWARE) concentrates on resolving business management issues of its members.
Presidential Decree No. 856 (PD 856) or the Sanitation Code of the Philippines is the main law requiring all establishments to comply with existing sanitary standards to protect public health. Guidelines for operating a water refilling station are indicated in the Supplemental Implementing Rules and Regulations on Water Supply of PD 856 issued in 1999.
Water quality monitoring
Source water and product water are subject to regular monitoring by the local health office. The national standard for drinking water contains 54 parameters that must be complied with. Only DOH-accredited laboratories are allowed to conduct water testing and analysis. The frequency of monitoring is as follows:
- Bacteriological quality – at least monthly
- Physical quality – at least every six (6) months
- Chemical quality – at least every six (6) months
- Biological quality – at least once a year
- Monitoring of radioactive contaminants shall be done only if there is significant input of radiation from the surrounding environment.
Water refilling stations can be a good source of safe drinking water in the Philippines. Purified water can meet the aesthetic standards easily detectable by the people in terms of taste, odor and color. The efficient water purification processes can make the quality of water superior to the traditional water systems. However, the risk of contamination is possible if the handling practices are not closely monitored.
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Gabby Concepcion's 3 in 1 Combo Store Lay-out
FOR FRANCHISING DETAILS:
Paul Andrew Tan
Global Waters and Environmental Solutions technologies, Inc.
Business Development Officer
0917 - 8057036
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