Yes, they can. For any outstanding debt, the bank has three options for repayment. First, they may levy your bank accounts, especially if they're in the same banking institution. If you're in the US, be aware that a levy generally goes into effect before you're notified -- you'll just go looking for your money one day and it won't be there -- and will be placed on all accounts in your name. They can do a lien, but since they already repossessed the vehicle that seems unlikely unless you have another vehicle or a house that they can lien...and generally it's not desired since it only affects the debtor if they want to sell the item that has the lien on it. Finally, they can file a judgment against you and have your wages garnished if you're a W-2 employee.