A brief overview of the World War 2
World War 2
World War 2
World War 2, which lasted from 1939 to 1945, caused immense misery to humanity all over the world. It was the deadliest military conflict in the history of humankind. More than 60 million people (around 2.5 percent of the world population) were killed in the war.
Many countries were involved in this war. These countries formed two opposing military alliances: The Allies and the Axis. More than 100 million people served in military units worldwide during the war.
Historians believe that World War 2 began on September 1 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Between 1939 and 1941, Germany formed the Axis alliance with Italy.
Japan joined in the Axis in December 1941. In fact some historians are opinion that the World War2 began with the commencement of Second Sino-Japanese War on July 7 1937.
Japan had conquered most of the Western Pacific by 1941. However, the fall of Axis began when Japan lost of series of naval battles in 1942. Axis troops experienced defeat in North Africa.
Germany lost many battles in Eastern Europe in 1943. Allies invaded the Italian mainland in early September 1943. This led to an Italian armistice with the Allies. The US won many battles in the Pacific region. The Axis began to withdraw their forces on many occasions.
Allies invaded France in 1944 on June 6 1944. This day is known as D-Day. They defeated the German troops in France. Around the same time, the Soviet Union won many battles against Germany. By 1945, the US had captured many key Western Pacific islands.
The World War 2 ended in Europe when Berlin was captured by the Soviet Union. Germany surrendered on May 8 1945. The US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima (August 6 1945) and Nagasaki (August 9 1945).
During the same period, the Soviet Union invaded Manchuria. Kwantung Army, the largest Japanese fighting force, was defeated. Japan surrendered on August 15 1945, thereby ending the war in Asia. The surrender documents were signed aboard USS Missouri.
After the war, Germany was divided into two independent nations: Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic. World War 2 also divided Europe into Western and Soviet spheres of influence.
Adolf Hitler played a major role in the World War 2. He became a chancellor of Germany in 1933. He abolished democracy and espoused a racially motivated revision of the world order.
His decisions resulted in the Holocaust. The holocaust was the mass murder of more than six million Jews during World War 2. This program of systematic state sponsored murder by Nazis is a shameful episode in the history of humankind.
Around two-thirds of the Jews who lived in Europe were killed as a result of the Holocaust. More than two million women and more than one million children were killed.
Japanese POW camps were used as labor camps. Many prisoners of war were tortured in these camps, thereby resulting in their death. Many were disabled. Some historians say more than 10 million people suffered the atrocities of Japanese military in these camps.
Technology played a major role during the World War 2. Aircraft were used extensively; for reconnaissance, bombing and ground support. Anti-aircraft weapons were used successfully during the war.
Both Axes and Allies used aircraft carriers and submarines. There were many other technological advancements in naval warfare. Land warfare witnessed combined arms and increased mobility. Tank was a primary weapon. Speed, fire power and armor of the tanks were enhanced during the war.
Germany’s use of combined arms was the secret of its success France and Poland. Anti-tank guns, mines, short-ranged infantry anti-tank weapons and indirect artillery were used to destroy tanks. Portable machine guns and assault rifles were used extensively by all the nations participating in World War 2.
One positive outcome of World War 2 was the United Nations. This international organization was established in an endeavor to prevent wars in the future. It had 51 members when it was founded. Today it has more than 190 members.
World War 2 is a human tragedy. However, it holds lessons for leaders all over the world. These leaders should just read about World War 2 when ever they feel that they are succumbing to aggression and ambition. Because God forbid if World War 3 occurs, it will lead to annihilation of the human race. We need to pray sincerely that it may never happen.
The United Nations
World War 2
- BBC - History: World War Two
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