A Trembling Cup

Why is Jerusalem such a burden to the world, a hot bed for discussion and creates such conflict between two nations? Countless bible scholars, theologians, historians and news commentators have tried to come up with a plausible explanation but have fallen short of the mark in understanding the issues that bind two nations into perpetual conflict. Understanding the root of the present conflict between the two occupiers of the land or city area of Jerusalem is central to any peace agreement. War rages on in the territories between Israel and several militant Palestinian factions bent on destroying each other which has become a beacon a chief motivating factor for hate crimes and inspire those who look for excuses to qualify or justify their purposes for acts of terror. Many American presidents among a host of world leaders have entered office declaring a concerted effort to find peace between the two people in their lifetime, but left office with tit for tat violence and bloodshed continuing unabated. The United Nations has issued a host of resolutions which largely goes unheeded by both nations, the present Iranian leader pledging the complete annihilation of the Jewish state, while the Israelites pledging never to be driven from their homeland again. Why the continuing hatred in the region, is not easily understood that is if the bible is but a story book to the average man. This centuries old problem of two peoples claiming absolute right to the city predates mankind, back to the foundation of the world and is the continuation of the eternal spiritual and titanic struggle between righteousness and the ruler of darkness. Would it then be futile for the efforts of president Obama, Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu and Palestinian president, Mahmud Abbas to try?


According to archeological findings ceramic evidence gives more than a strong indication of a possible occupation of the city over a longer time period, from at least the 3rd century BC. Biblical students of history supports this evidence of a permanent settlement of sites, within the borders of present-day Jerusalem, as far back as the Copper and Bronze Age (4000 – 2800 BC). In the word of Archeologist and Associate Professor at Pennsylvania State University Ann Killebrew, “Jerusalem was a large and important walled city between 1800-1550 and 720-586 BC”. The Professor argued that during the Late Bronze Age Jerusalem became a small and moderately unimportant and exposed town. Other scholars imply that the first written hint to the town are likely in the Berlin and Brussels groups of Egyptian Hieratic text around the 19th century BCE. She proposes that these texts make reference to a city called Roshlamem or Rosh-ramen. The scholars further points to the Amarna letters (tablets) around 14th century BCE. Some archaeologists goes further such as Dame Kathleen Mary Kenyon (1906-1978) of Britain which claimed that Jerusalem as a city was founded by West Semitic people with well structured settlements from around the period of 2600 BC. This analysis is supported in Jewish custom who contend the city was established by Shem and Eber, ancestors of Abraham.


The first Biblical reference to the city of Jerusalem is found in the book of Genesis

after Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley)…Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High…and he blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth” (Gen.14:17-19 NIV)

The author of the New Testament book of Hebrew refers to this specific incidence of biblical history: “This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him…and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, his name means "king of righteousness"; then also, "king of Salem" means "king of peace”…Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever” (Hebrews 7:1-3 NIV).

History student knows that Salem is associated with peace and is a common name for towns and places, particularly in the western world. However in ancient times Salem was the name of a locality in the Near East, and traditionally identified with Jerusalem before the name "Jerusalem" was used. Salem is referred to in the Biblical account in connection with Melchizedek, with a typical translation "King of Salem" which means "King of Peace". However, based on the Hebrew text, some scholars, declared uncertainty, saying instead of the "King of Salem" which is (melekh Salem) reading, the original text may have had ‘melekh shelomo’ in mind which carries the meaning of "a king allied to him". Some scholars claim that the term could also be connected to the ‘Canaanite’ god ‘Shalem’, but interpreters say this may be stretching the word too far. The accepted origin of Jerusalem, in Hebrew is ‘Yerushalayim’ and even this customary acceptance remains uncertain, as a small minority of bible scholars came up with a variety of interpretations. Some claim it means "legacy of peace" which is a combination of yerusha (legacy) and shalom (peace). "Shalom" they say is related to the Hebrew name "Shlomo", giving Solomon as example, who was viewed as the wisest of men, builder of the Jerusalem Temple and son of David.Some scholars still claim, that the second part of the word could be “Salem” Shalem which literally means "whole" or "in harmony", found in Genesis which is the original emergence of the name for Jerusalem.


Scholars claim Canaan was an early term for the region around present Israel with its capital Jerusalem, including the Palestinian Territories, Lebanon and Jordan, as well as bordering coastal lands and parts of Egypt and Syria. They claim that the Hebrew and Christian Bibles bear evidence of the "Land of Canaan" extending from Lebanon southward across Gaza to the "Brook of Egypt" and eastward to the Jordan Valley, which included modern Israel and surrounding Territories. They offer various proposals as to the true meaning of the term “Canaan”. However, the widely accepted form is that it is derived from the Semitic root *k-n-' meaning "to be subdued". They say this meaning is supported by the story contained in the Biblical references. The Biblical narratives ascribed the name to Canaan, the son of Ham and the grandson of Noah, his descendants matching the names of various ethnic groups in the land of Canaan, listed in the "Table of Nations" found in the Genesis account where Sidon is named as his first son, and to be subdued by the descendents of Shem. The biblical version of events is supported by other historical data which explained that Abraham came to the city of Jerusalem that was then called Shalem after defeating the kings at war and rescuing his nephew Lot. The biblical account says the high priest Melchizedek came out and blessed him upon arrival but other sources say that Abraham asked the high priest king Melchizedek to bless him. Whichever way it happened, Melchizedek blessed him in the name of God a sign that he, served the one true God like Abraham did. This meeting of Melchizedek with Abraham was celebrated by renaming the city in their honor. Abraham then named the Temple Mount “Yeru” from the Hebrew root “Yireh”, and combined with Shalem creating Yeru-Shalem, which means the "city of Shalem," or "founded by Shalem”.


A cup of Trembling- Jerusalem (Part 1) 16 comments

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 6 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

Thanks for the compliments Bradley, I likewise share your sentiments and much appreciate your wishes and prayers for my blessings. I wish the same for you and family as we both continue to pray for the peace and unity of Jerusalem

Bradley Woodliff 6 years ago


Shabbat Shalom from Yahusha of EL Elyon. We do look for a city not made with hands where peace is the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.

May He continue to bless you in His Holy Name and bring you into the city of His name. Here amidst trials and tribulation may you be given the Faithful Spirit. His. =-) May you and yours be able to stand in His Day. Beware wolves, tares, goats and those given to the lie of this present world. Depart from darkness and seek the light. Wait, I say Wait, Wait on Abba. He is not beyond hearing you.


Proverbs 3: 5 & 6

Matthew 25

Rev. 22

Psalm 67

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 6 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

Thanks for stopping by jxb7076, I appreciate your most welcomed comments. My hope is that this information is shared among those whose desires are to prevent the natural scheme of things taking place there. But God wished, desire and proclaimed it - His Son will return on the Holy hills of Mount Zion.

jxb7076 profile image

jxb7076 6 years ago from United States of America

Great information, well researched, and well written. Thanks for sharing.

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 7 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

It's hard to put into one sentence, but it's about politics and international expansionism. But deeper than that its an age old war between good and evil, between God and His arch enemy Satan. God promised those lands to His chosen and satan wants to deny it, God promised He would return on the hills of Mount Zion, the Muslims when they invaded the city in the 12th century, built a wall to seperate the city in two, east and west sectors in order to prevent Christ returning there.

Samantha 7 years ago

This is great research writing, how come all the peoples who have invaded the city are not still fighting over it? Egyptians, Persians, Babylonians, Greeks, Romans, Turks, British among others have held it, but they don't see it as belonging to them. Why then does the Arabs lay claim to it?

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 7 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

The biblical narratives gives us quite a bit of facts, but any good history book, libray and encyclopedias including musiums are packed with this kind of information which give further evidence.

James B 7 years ago

This is fascinating stuff, where do you get such information? Where does this fit in with Obama's effort to garner peace in the region?

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 7 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

Thanks Thomas, I think many in the UN can have knee jerk reaction to situation if there are some news that a certain side is being naughty. Most people including the UN respond to acts of agression in a calm calculated maner, an rightly so. But, the overwhelming evidence of history points to a people who have been invaded and land taken, then those invaders, the Assyrians, Persians, Romans, Turks, the Islamist conquests and later the British, have taken people from all over the Arab world and planted them in the land while preventing the Jewish people from returning there. Many generations of disinfranchise Israelites appeal to the occupying powers for a chance to return but was prevented from doing so. When the Islamist/Arabs accupied the land misguided and foolish western powers lanched the crusades, but was unable to capture the land from the Arabs. If the crusades were successful and the Jews had returned in numbers, Hitler would not have been able to kill so many in his gas chambers in europe. Before the British pass the mandate over to the UN, the people requested again to be allowed to return and given independence, the British refused and instead encouraged more Arabs to settle there. The British and the Romans are not free from blame for the continuing conflict between the two people we see today.

Thomas Royale 7 years ago

Great bit of research writing, if peace makers would understand this very obvious history their efforts would have been much easier. However, I think the UN, had made things worse when they went in to sort out the problem there.

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 7 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

Thanks coffeesnob, the world is being constantly called on not just to reflect but to act to bring about peace in that region. Because terrorist groups used the situation there to justify acts of violence, leaders felt a need to make an effort to arrive at a settlement. Yet even if they bring about or forged some sort of understanding between the facions, there is the issue of Jerusalem. Palitinians wants the city divided between them, the new Israeli Prime Minister determined it will not be divided. For that reason we pray for peace while we try to understand biblical prophecy for those peoples and the city of Jerusalem

profile image

coffeesnob 7 years ago

Interesting thoughts and research. I am not sure there will ever be a resolution to the burdens of jerusalem until the Lord returns. BUt yes, we can continue to pray for peace.

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 7 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

Thanks R Burow, I triy my best but it is God who does the enablement. I am blind without His spiritual revelation, but I exist and is carried along by His empowerment. Please stay tuned, return for part 2, it's an eye opener for those who cannot understand, why things are the way they are.

R Burow profile image

R Burow 7 years ago from Florida, United States

Kenn MG.

Well researched.

Kenny MG profile image

Kenny MG 7 years ago from A Child of the Universe Author

Thanks for your sentiments again Jo, we continue to pray for the peace of Jerusalem

Joan 7 years ago

Presidents indeed want to think that they can solve the problems and settle things once and for all but indeed only God can do same. I am intrigued by your insight and pray that the Lord will continue to inspire you.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    A cup of Trembling - Jerusalem

    More by this Author

    • Al-Qaeda to ISIS Terrorist Enigmas

      September 11, 2001 Eight years on the anniversary of 9/11 the name al Qaeda and its founder Usama bin Laden is a name well engraved in the psyche of western peoples as an international terrorist network. Since its...

    • US Medicare Vs. UK - NHS

      It’s in the news a lot about the ills or failures of the National Health Service in the UK, the reason why President Obama has taken on his critics head on by addressing congressional leaders. The President has...

    • Cruise Experience

      Caribbean Beach Caribbean Sunet  Cruizing really is the best holiday I have ever experienced and taken and I wished everyone will have a similar experience as I. Last summer I went with my wife on this cruise...

    Click to Rate This Article