What Should be in a Bug-Out-Bag for Survival?

In a bug-out-bag, the most important item to have is clean, drinkable water or the equipment to make water safe to drink.  YOU MUST HAVE DRINKABLE WATER TO SURVIVE!
In a bug-out-bag, the most important item to have is clean, drinkable water or the equipment to make water safe to drink. YOU MUST HAVE DRINKABLE WATER TO SURVIVE! | Source

Most Important Item: Water

In a bug-out-bag, the most important item to have is clean, drinkable water or the equipment to make water safe to drink. FOR SURVIVAL, YOU MUST HAVE HAVE DRINKABLE WATER !

Disaster? Can it happen?

Again, this is to restate the previous statement: The concept that is the most important to have in the bug-out-bag or get out of dodge emergency bag is to have drinkable WATER !!!!!!!!!!!!.

Water is the main concern of those who have gone through tornadoes, hurricanes, storms, snow, avalanches, floods, car wrecks, those being stranded, being lost, volcanoes and other emergency situations. Plain and simple, without water a person dies.

About one gallon of water is needed per day for a person to survive. When this is multiplied by days and by the people in the family, this becomes a lot of water to have on hand. When water is used for other purposes, the gallons of water can go up to about 25 gallons per person per day.

This is why water is so important. Without water a person dies! If by any chance that a person is in a large city, the water has to be pumped and moved with electric pumps. If the energy grid breaks down, which is very possible with the EMP bombs, Solar Storms, Solar Radiation or terrorism attacks, the water will stop flowing. When there are thousands of people in the city, with limited water supplies, it would not take too long to have civil disorder. Survival becomes instinct of people and animals.

A good drinking water source near the living area, would be awesome, but the bug-out-bag must have enough water to survive to achieve access to the water source to stay alive. Another way of having drinking water during a disaster or electrical breakdown, would to have a water filtration system. Water may still be available in the large cities, but would or could be contaminated. Swimming pools, hot water heaters, water beds, rivers, lakes and streams may have water suitable if properly filtered, boiled or distilled. So maybe instead of lots of water in the bug-out-bag, it might be feasible to have a distillation unit, filtration unit or water sterilization tablets. Weight contributes to the bug out bag, so carrying water, which is about 8 pounds per gallon, the filtration units which vary in weight and the water purification tablets which weigh very little becomes a choice of which to carry for survival.

Going back to the original issue: YOU MUST HAVE WATER TO SURVIVE is the most important issue and you should have WATER in your bug out bag. You should also have some way of making what water you can find, drinkable. If you are near natural springs, you may be in luck, but now, the underground water is becoming polluted and contaminated also. In the large cities, a person might just be out of luck to find usable water. PERIOD!


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The Bug out Bag

The BUG-OUT-BAG is an emergency bag or back-pack that contains essential items that could get you through 3 to 7 days in case of an emergency situation, get you through a crisis or get you out of a life threatening area. Even in a car or truck, there has been instances of a person running off the road and not being found for days, even months. One never knows what events might happen. Volcanoes, tornadoes, snow storms, wrecks, ice storms, breakdowns, fires, smoke, chemicals, evacuations, floods, attacks, nuclear events are just some of the emergencies that would require you to remove your self from the natural easy live to the life of struggling for survival!

The essential items are different for each person, but there are some common items. Water and food are on the list of ALL bug-out-bags. From there, the lists differ from person and situation. The basics are usually tied to the lists, but the other basic items vary from each person, family and area. In cold areas, more attention might be for warmth, while in the hot areas, special attention might be for dehydration.


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Second Most Important Item: Food

The second most important item to have in the bug-out-bag or get out of dodge essentials bag is FOOD!!!!!

We must also have food to survive. It is not as critical as water, but without water and food, we will surely die, soon! Humans can survive about a month without food, but this depends the body weight, the amount of water consumed, the health of the person, the activity of the person and the weather.

Usually, food can be put in the bug out bag that do not to be refrigerated and with long shelf lives. Another thing to consider is the food preparation. The food that would go into the bug out bag should not have to have any special preparation, like cooking and should have a high energy content. Some foods can be kept for a long time, but others lose their nutritional content and lose their flavors. Choose foods that you would like and easy to open and eat.

Nuts, dried fruit and granola bars seem to be favorites because of their quick energy, easy to eat and because of the light weight. Some people prefer canned items, that can be easily opened and eaten out of the can. The cans do not withstand the heat and cold very well, leave sanitation trash behind and are bulky, but are highly prized for taste, ease of eating and being comfort foods. Dried beef, turkey and meat jerky are other considerations because it can be eaten on the go, tasty, lightweight and easily kept.

A mixture of nuts, dried fruit, and chocolate makes a great snack and a high energy food for the bug out bag. Handfuls can be eaten from plastic bags that could be pulled out of the bug out bags when needed, giving quick and easy energy.

For the mental status of the people, coffee and tea bags, along with bullion cubes would help in crises situations and during quiet time. Also some sugar or honey would help with sweetening the situation and help with supplying energy and boosting moral.

Salt should be added to the bug out bag to keep the person from dehydrating. MRE's, which are MEALS-READY-TO-EAT also might be considered. These are the same-like packages that are served to the military, on the battle ground, where survival must be practiced. The MRE's usually contain a complete meal, sometimes with a heating device and water all in a complete plastic pouch that is tear resistant and waterproof and has a very long shelf life. Electrolytes should also be included to keep the person's system strong and well balanced.



Have you ever fasted without food?

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This may be good for back up, but this is too much food  for the bug out bag.  The bag must be portable, mobile and light enough to move and last between 3 and 7 days.
This may be good for back up, but this is too much food for the bug out bag. The bag must be portable, mobile and light enough to move and last between 3 and 7 days. | Source

What Else Should be Included in the BUG-OUT-BAG?

The food and water are essential items, that must be included in the bug-out-bag. Humans can not live without these two items. The rest of the items are debated over and over, but the real key is what is going to be needed to keep YOU alive from 3 to 7 days, long enough to get to a safe place or to get stabilized. If a large crises or disaster hits, there may not be help on the way or any help to be had, so the bug out bag may be the only means of survival until you get help.

Think of survival when you think of putting items into the bug out bag. What would you need for survival? In complete disorder, civilian unrest, disobedience, breakdown of society or the economy, and disruption, this might be more of an issue than just a tornado or hurricane. Almost everyone in the large city would be against the odds for survival.

So think of the options, the situations and your neighbors. Are the neighbors friendly, piece loving and logical? Is there a way out of the town, city or community that would be safe if the power grid would go down? Are there Civil Defense Centers where there has been hoarded full of food, even though it might be decades old and accessible?

OK? Thought about it enough? For survival, you might consider putting together a list like the one below to check off what might be useful to you, in addition to water and food. there are sure to be more to add to your list because each person is different and has different thoughts on survival.

1) WATERPROOF MATCHES

2) BLANKETS

3) FIRE STARTERS

4) TENT

5) TARPS

6) KNIVES /SPOONS / FORKS / PLATES / POTS / CAN OPENER

7) CAMPING STOVE

8) FUEL (for stove)

9) PONCHOS / EXTRA COAT / SWEATS / GLOVES

10) HATCHET

11) AXE

12) EMERGENCY KIT / GAS MASK / CAMPASS

13) ROPE / TWINE

14) FLINT WITH STRIKER

15) COLLAPSABLE WATER CONTAINER/JUG

16) SAW

17) WALKIE TALKIE

18) FLARE / MIRROR

19) WEAPONS (if guns, need ammunition, too)

20) BEAR SPRAY

21) SURVIVAL BLANKET

22) A GOOD SLEEPING BAG

23) CHANGE OF CLOTHING

24) EXTRA FOOTWEAR

25) MULTI-PURPOSE TOOL

26) SPADE

27) IMPORTANT ITEMS!!!!! TOILET PAPER / SANITARY NAPKINS

28) MEDICATIONS / EXTRA GLASSES / EXTRA CONTACTS

29) WATER FILTER

30) WATER PURIFICATION TABLETS

31) THREAD AND NEEDLES / FISHING LINE

32) PENCIL, PEN, PAPER / PLAYING CARDS

33) SILVER COINS FOR TRADE AND BARTER

34) EXTRA CASH

35) SURVIVAL MANUAL

36) CANDLES

37) FIRE TINDER/STARTER

38) SOLAR CHARGER FOR CELL PHONE

39) EMERGENCY RADIO (SOLAR, WINDUP, BATTERY)

40) WIND UP FLASHLIGHT OR BATTERY FLASHLIGHT

41) EXTRA BATTERIES

42) CHLORINE / IODINE

43) DUCT TAPE

44) SOAP / WASH CLOTHS / Q-TIPS / MINERAL OIL

45) TOOTHBRUSHES, LOTS OF FLOSS STRING AND TOOTHPASTE

46) EXTRA UNDERWEAR/ LONG UNDERWEAR ALSO

47) FINE WIRE

48) CLEAR PLASTIC SHEETING

49) ALUMINUM FOIL

50) COOKING AND SERVING UTENSILS

---- more » HubPages ----

Snowfall and the cold can be DEADLY, if not prepared to meet the Needs.  Getting warm  by being able to start a fire might mean life and death.
Snowfall and the cold can be DEADLY, if not prepared to meet the Needs. Getting warm by being able to start a fire might mean life and death. | Source

How much of a chance do you think that you might use a BUG-OUT-BAG in the next 3 years?

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Comments 13 comments

Silva Hayes profile image

Silva Hayes 4 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

I have peanut butter, honey, and tuna in foil pouches, in addition to the nuts, dried fruit, and granola bars you listed. Good hub; voted up.


KrystalD profile image

KrystalD 4 years ago from Los Angeles

This is incredible! You are so thorough and detailed here. As we have shared, emergencies can truly happen at any point and it is better to be prepared. AWESOME work :)


LAURENS WRIGHT profile image

LAURENS WRIGHT 4 years ago Author

Sorry, I forgot my favorites, peanut butter, honey and tuna, which I love! The future is not known, but what is happening in the world, the chances are getting higher that something will happen. I am reading "EMP Survival" by Larry & Cheryl Poole and facts they bring out are mind boggling. Thank you for the "up" vote and for your great comments.


LAURENS WRIGHT profile image

LAURENS WRIGHT 4 years ago Author

Thank you KrystalD for your wonderful comments. It does seem that we are on the same topics and that we both have the same insights to see what is happening. With over 7 billion people in the world, so tightly packed, it is just a matter of time before something major happens. The Solar Flares and EMP's are the two event that has been so important to me, because here in the United States, without electricity, we will go back in time 200 years. The electricity and fuel have been the key factors to survival of this many people. Thank you for your fantastic comments, but you are the one with the AWESOME work and hubs, which I completely enjoy every time. Again Thank YOU !!


oceansider 4 years ago

I appreciate that you have written this hub about what should be in a "bug out survival bag".....This was very well done!....I have some items in the trunk of my car & some in a bag in the entry-way closet of my home, so I can grab it quickly and go out the door......After reading your article, I feel that I need other things, like water-proof matches and water purification tablets & other stuff....I am going to get more prepared...thanks so much, this was of great help!

Take care, Helen


LAURENS WRIGHT profile image

LAURENS WRIGHT 4 years ago Author

Thank you, oceansider (Helen), for your positive and enlightening comments. After being stranded many times on the road, not having a change of clothes or not having some water to drink or food to eat really has changed my way of thinking. Many things can happen to stop the vehicle, change the direction that is driven or cause different situations that could pose problems. Ice storms, tornadoes, fuel shortages, stoppage of fuel, downed Credit/Debit card machines, no electricity, trees blocking the road, floods, snow storms, civilian unrest and bridges out, breakdowns have been some of my stories so far to make me to have a Bug-Out-Bag in the vehicle. Thank you again, for your wonderful comments.


Silva Hayes profile image

Silva Hayes 3 years ago from Spicewood, Texas

I packed a bug out bag about a year ago. I went through it today and everything was fine except for a bag of rice. I had put the unopened bag of rice inside a zip lock bag; however, the rice was infested with little black weevil-like bugs. I know the eggs were already in the rice when it was originally packaged. So next time, I will freeze the rice first. I will probably just leave it in the freezer and if we ever need to "bug out" I will retrieve it at that time.


LAURENS WRIGHT profile image

LAURENS WRIGHT 3 years ago Author

Thank you, Silva Hayes, for your comments and your suggestions. Some time back, I put rice in the oven on a cookie sheet at 200 degrees F., letting it dry out. Then the rice was put in Mylar bags and then the edges were sealed with an iron. The results was a Vacuumed sealed package with no live bugs. Worked pretty good, but I did not find out, yet, how it rehydrates. Again, thank you for reading and commenting.


SurvivalistNation profile image

SurvivalistNation 3 years ago from Midwest

This is a really nice Hub. Many people think the government is responsible to get them food and water. Each member of our family has a bug out bag. I forgot about cash on my bug out bag checklist. This is so important. I am going to take another look at my list to see what else I can add to it.


LAURENS WRIGHT profile image

LAURENS WRIGHT 3 years ago Author

SurvivalistNation 2, When I was a substitute teacher, I would give certain students a million dollar bill. They would ask if it was real. I responded with: can you see it? can you feel it? can you touch it? Then, therefore, it is real! The would really freak them out and they would ask if they could spend it? This was the hard part for the students to understand. The money is ONLY worth what we think it is worth, not actually what it is worth. In a collapse of the government, most likely, the printed money would have no value, but until people comprehend that the money is worthless, it would be spendable. In Germany, before the war ended, a wheelbarrow of money would buy a house, then the next day, the money would not even buy a loaf of bread. What happened? This was the same money! It just happened to be consumer confidence and no backing of the money. This could happen in the USA any day, just like Germany.


DarbyCallahan 3 years ago

This is a very nice hub, with great information. But I did not see 'important documents' on your list. One consideration in prepping a BOB is that you may be evacuating to an emergency shelter or alternative location after the disaster occurs. In such case, you would want copies of certain documents with you, such as identification, birth certificates, passports, contact information for relatives/insurance companies/doctors, copies of essential RX, things of this nature. Just a suggestion! Thanks again for the great list!


LAURENS WRIGHT profile image

LAURENS WRIGHT 3 years ago Author

Yes. DarbyCallahan, by all means, important documents are so important to have, especially if you have to up-and-go quickly. Thank you so much for your insight and for bringing this very important point out. Thank you again.... we are in this together....


claudedog1234 profile image

claudedog1234 2 years ago from Bastrop, Texas

Great article, Here is another one that might help out.

http://hubpages.com/politics/How-To-Become-A-Dooms...

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