Army Training Management Cycle
Army Training Management System
Army Learning Management System - METL Development
The military training program used in the United States is based on the army training management cycle, a process developed by the army during World War II. Its key feature is a rank and promotion system that produces a potential leader in every soldier. Any soldier who has completed his training for the army is ready to lead others if the situation warrants it.
The army training management cycle has four components: a mission essential task list (METL), planning, execution and assessment.
In preparation for a wartime mission, there are some tasks deemed more important than others in the army training guide process. These assignments constitute the mission essential task list. During a war, a commander cannot afford to spent training time on supplemental areas; the most critical tasks take priority. Secondary tasks are omitted if necessary.
Two major inputs shape METL development: war plans and external directives.
War plans are the projected combat missions expected to occur in the war and any backup plans included in them. The specific details of each combat mission determine what tasks are critical to the army training course process. If a combat mission is likely to happen in an urban environment, for instance, the commander might focus on close-quarters combat and how to minimize civilian casualties.
The other input to the METL in the army learning management system is external directives. These orders come from a higher level on the army chain of command and are relevant only in wartime missions. These directives designate related tasks or subtasks in a given wartime mission.
Related tasks support another higher level task. Common examples included repair, medical aid, refueling, resupplying and reloading. For example, a mission that uses tanks or other armed vehicles might require refueling, repair and reloading as related tasks in the METL portion of the army training management cycle.
A subtask is an assignment within a larger task. Logistics and mobilization plans are typical examples. Such a directive could dictate that a unit must use a certain highway or railroad to transport troops or equipment, and then unload them in a designated area. The mobilization plan is a vital part of the greater mission, which is what makes it a subtask.
The commander forms the METL once he compiles the war plans and external directives. He analyzes when, where and how each battle is expected to take place, and then he decides what tasks are most important to these ends. The METL portion of the army training course is made of these assignments, and is an integral part of the army training management cycle.