Bangladesh: How a New Nation Emerged in 1971
7th march 1971 address of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Top brasses of Pakistan army in Eastern Command formally surrendering to Indian Army
Nation of Bangladesh
Our country Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan after the creation of Pakistan state. The British quit India In 1947 dividing it into two independent parts- Pakistan and India. Pakistan was divided into two parts- East Pakistan and West Pakistan. So called East Pakistan was a part of greater Bengal province of India. The name Bangladesh was originated from Bengal. Bangla means Bengal and Desh means country. So Bangladesh means `the country of Bengal'. West part of Bengal province remained with India.Three Bengali speaking persons have been awarded Nobel Prize so far.
Ruling power of the newly formed state was in the hand of West Pakistanis. Central government was in the West Pakistan. They ruled East Pakistan. Bengalis were 56% of the total population of Pakistan. Being the minority of the whole Pakistan the central government always kept the state power in their hands. West Pakistanis always enjoyed the first citizenship status while the East Pakistanis as the second. They kept the nation under martial law for long days. In 1952 Bengalis had to protest the decision of making the state language as Urdu of Pakistan when 56% of total population speak in Bangla and only 7% people speak in Urdu. Some Bengali people laid their lives in that language movement in 21 February 1952. The UNO has declared the day ‘International Language Day.’
The dictator Ayub Khan ran the country ten years and stepped down in 1969 on demand of mass people. Ayub turned over the state power to army chief general Yahya Khan. The military junta of West Pakistan arranged an election in 1970. Bengali leader Bangabandhu (friend of Bengal) Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Awami League came out with a landslide victory. It was a nightmare for the Pakistani leaders to hand over the state power to a Bengali leader. They were born to govern but not to be governed by a Bengali. The military dictator Yahya Khan started to dillydally in handing the power over to the majority voted Bengali leader. He came to East Pakistan for a discussion. Discussions went on day after day and in the mean time thousands of Pakistani soldiers came to East Pakistan with arms and ammunition. In the mean time on 7th march 1971 the leader gave a historic speech to the nation “if they do not hand over power to the elected representatives of the people, if they try to kill a single person then defend yourself with whatever you have. We will liberate ourselves this time.”
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi talking on the situation of Pakistani attack
State power of Pakistan can’t go to a Bengali leader that’s why Yahya decided to destroy the Bengali nation. On 25th march of 1971 the Pakistani army crashed on the Bengalis. Bengalis were ready for this. Earlier it was clear to the Bengalis that the Pakistanis would not hand over power. In the mean time the leader proclaimed the independence of Bangladesh. The bloody war started on. The Paki Army started to kill thousands of innocent unarmed people. It was the bloodiest genocide in the world history. Over l0 million people took shelter in neighboring country India. India generously extended its hand to freedom loving mass people of Bangladesh. In nine month war the nation lost its millions of innocent people. Over two hundred thousand women lost their chastity. The sun of long lasted independence arose at last. The killer army at last surrendered to the Bengali. The arrested leader was kept in custody in West Pakistan jail. He was freed and came to an independent country of his own and started to build up the war trodden nation.
The leader was murdered along with his family members on 15 august in 1975 in a brutal attack by misled army personnel. Two of his daughters were saved their lives due to non presence in the country.
He was born in 17th march 1920 at tungipara of gopalganj district of Bangladesh. His father’s name is Sheikh Lutfar Rahman and Mother’s name is Saira Khatun. He was third of his 6 brothers and sisters. His nickname was ‘khoka’- a beloved child. In 1927 he got admitted to a primary school at the age of 7. In 1934 he suffered from eye disease which hampered his study. In 1938 at the age of 18 he married his cousin Fajilatunnesa. They had 5 children named Sheikh Kamal, Sheikh Jamal, Sheikh Hasina (The present Prime Minister of Bangladesh), Sheikh Rehana and Sheikh Rasel. Sheikh hasina is now the prime minister of Bangladesh. She got a landslide victory in December 2008.
Sheikh Mujib was enrolled in the Dhaka University to study law. He spent much of his life time in jail. In 1966 he proclaimed 6 point plan to reserve the rights of Bengali people. He emerged as a sole leader of Bengali people. Actually Bengalis were fed up with Pakistani leaders’ step mother like behavior. People were looking for a chance. At last the chance came in 1970. Mass people voted for a change but the military junta neglected the people’s verdict and ultimately faced the bitter consequences. The mighty Pakistani army’s pride broke down when they had to surrender to brave Bengalis.
After 40 years of independence Bangladesh has now started trial of the local collaborators who helped the Pakistan army in 1971great war. They acted as a helping hand for Pakistani barbarous army. They mercilessly killed native brothers and sisters in 1971. They are responsible for the killing of leading intellectuals of the nation throughout the war. They used to supply women to their Pakistani bosses. It was current ruling party Awami League’s 2008 election commitment for the trial of the traitor collaborators. Top collaborators are facing the trial.