Can there be a Kashmir Solution?

Nehru
Nehru

A Problem that Defy's solution

Kashmir was a quasi independent state under the British Raj. The maharajah had limited powers, but the Raj did not interfere with his day to day administration. This state of affairs continued till 1947, when the Raj an euphemism for British rule lapsed on the midnight of 15 August 1947. The maharajah decided that he would like to be independent. This was a grandiose dream and ignored the reality that the state had to decide between India and Pakistan. However teh Maharajah Hari singh assumed he would succeed and so he signed a " stand still" agreement with both Pakistan and India. The Maharajah in this agreement requested for more time to decide the issue.

However things moved at a fast pace and the new leader of Pakistan ordered an invasion of the Kashmir state. The Pakistan army aided by tribal of the Frontier region oinvaded kashmir. They had swift success and the maharajah and his army were defeated. the troops reached Srinagar the capital and that is when the Maharajah panicked and acceded to India. He signed the Instrument of accession and agreed to be a part of the Indian union,

Kashmir and India after the Accession

Once the Indian army intervened in Kashmir the raiders were pushed back and soon the valley was free of the tribal horde. However at this critical juncture Nehru for reasons that now appear silly( he was influenced by the wife of Lord Mountbatten) approached the UNO and security council and this in turn led to a cease fire and the unfortunate part is that Gilgi t and parts of Western Kashmir remained part of Pakistan. Pakistan thus gained over 40% of Kashmir for a song and the folly of Nehru. In addition Nehru agreed for 2 further conditions that also are difficult explain. He agreed

a A Special status for Kashmir by amending the Indian constitution and incorporating article 370. This gave kashmir a special status and allowed the state to have its own constitution and flag. In addition article 45 was adopted that forbade Indians to buy land and settle in Kashmir.

b. Nehru promised to hold a plebiscite in the valley to ascertain the wishes of the people of Kashmir.

The last promise was never effected as the chances of voting for a integration with Pakistan were bright and the Indian leadership could not accept it.

Pakistan sponsored Terrorism in Kashmir

In 1987 after 3 wars and resultant defeat of teh Pakistan army and teh failure to annexe Kashmir by force, general Zia ul Haq formulated a plan to try and win Kashmir for Pak by terro activities. Zia die in 1989, assassinated by his opponents, but the policy of sending terrorists into the valley was adopted in to to. The entire state now became a battle ground as the so called mujahideen went about their task in earnest. Their religious appeal also had aneffect and many local youths joined this terro activity.

The Indian army has till date killed hundreds of these Mujahideen, but Pakistan is hell bent on creating unrest in the state. In addition a small but vocal section of teh political leadership have been calling for a movement to join Pakistan. The movement headed by Geelani has little grass roots support, but the AK 47 and the Mujahaddin do the trick and one can say the gun rules in the valley.

The Future

The state is now on a burner. The fact is that this movement of the pro Pak parties can be crushed in no time. How many know that these separatists leaders are given protection by the Indian army. They are also looked after by the government of Kashmir with subsidy and money. One fails to understand this dichotomy and no one in the Indian government has been able to explain this.

This soft approach of the government is both misguided and presents a soft face to the enemy. The result is that the Indian case on Kashmir is greatly weakened. I am afraid till this soft approach is discarded and a bullet for bullet policy adopted Kashmir problem will remain and have disastrous consequences for the Indian state in the years to come.

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Comments 10 comments

vvsoft profile image

vvsoft 15 months ago from Faisalabad

The people of Kashmir are struggling for independence for years now. Why plebiscite under the UN resolutions not held even yeas passed by? Because India feels that the result could go in favor of Pakistan. Why existence of hundreds of Indian military personals and curfew every now and then could not normalize the Kashmir temperature?

The solution of Kashmir issue neither lies with Pakistan nor with India, rather within the wishes of Kashmiris itself. They have to decide their own destiny, their own future, no one else.


MG Singh profile image

MG Singh 15 months ago from Singapore Author

Dear brother vvsoft, I will agree with you, but UN resolution on Kashmir for plebiscite has some conditions and that is withdrawal of all forces of Pakistan from Kashmir. This is not happening , hence UN resolution cannot be implemented. The Pakistan policy of running terror camps and infiltrating terrorists into Kashmir is another point.


Ericdierker profile image

Ericdierker 15 months ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

Interesting. Is there really a discernable culture that is distinctively independent of the surrounding societies? They really do not seem like they are an identifiable separate group.


common observer 15 months ago

Indian forces are violating the basic human rights and freedom movement leaders are under arrest. Women, kids and men are kept under bars without any legal basis. World Human Rights Commission has published reports on the issue several times and in the recent as well.

Pakistan held kashmiris have all basic human rights and there are no curfew or military deployment there. However democratic bodies are ruling the region.


MG Singh profile image

MG Singh 14 months ago from Singapore Author

The culture and habits are the same , the difference is in religion


MG Singh profile image

MG Singh 14 months ago from Singapore Author

Friend, you must come to Indian Kashmir and see what is happening. The only terror is by militants sponsored from Pakistan. Thanks for your comment.


vvsoft profile image

vvsoft 14 months ago from Faisalabad

"NEW DEHLI: Nearly 40,000 people have been killed in violence that has erupted over Indian-held Kashmir more than two decades ago, the national parliament was told on Wednesday."

As reported by Tribune, International NewYork Times.

After this massive massacre, can anyone on earth still justify Indian army killing innocent kashmiri civilians?


MG Singh profile image

MG Singh 14 months ago from Singapore Author

Dear vvsoft, so nice you commented. The facts are different and I invite you to be my guest in kashmir. Most of the terrorism in Kashmir is inspired by the Pak army and the ISIS, by infiltrating terrorists into Kashmir. But they are not successful. Thanks.


vvsoft profile image

vvsoft 14 months ago from Faisalabad

Dear MG Singh,

I do appreciate your offer to visit Indian held kashmir. Freedom movements don't need foreign aid however moral help is always available for those striving for the homeland and human rights in the world. I also wish that Indian army realizes the ground realities and force is stopped against the unarmed kashmiri women, kids and men and human rights are restored soon there. Again my wishes for the best of future and peace in Kashmir.


MG Singh profile image

MG Singh 14 months ago from Singapore Author

Thank you vvsoft, we can agree to disagree.

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