Faith and Politics of M.A.Jinnah RA
Faith and Politics of M. A. Jinnah RA
The following page is taken from ‘The Land of Seasons and Songs due to be published in July’10 by Aleena Publishers - London
No one can describe the genius of the Qaed-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah more accurately than Stanley Wolpert. He writes in his book ‘Jinnah of Pakistan’:
“Few individuals significantly alter the course of the history and few still modify the map of the world, hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation state, Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.”
The greatest homage that can be paid to the Qaed-e Azam is that he gathered all the Muslims on one platform under the banner of his leadership and there was no Sunni and no Shia and no Kafirs among them, all were Muslims. And since after the Qaed-e Azam none of the leaders worked on this philosophy of uniting the Muslims, which could have won the day getting on the back of the discord, with the biggest reward of vision in the setting of the pattern of the rule for the country, but instead they enterd in personal aggrandizing and the self preservation. And leaders like General Ziaul Haque actually worked against this philosophy of gathering Muslims on one platform and damaged the unity of Islam by such slogans as, Apna Aqeeda Chhordo Naheen aur Doosray ka Aqeeda Chherdo Naheen – don’t leave your faith and do not prod into other’s faith.
He naively or cleverly segregated the Muslim from contacting each other, which hindered remove their differences. If the principles of faith are not discussed in an atmosphere of cordiality, how can truth be reached at and how can Deen - religion be served. And Ziaul Haque was distinctly anti Shia and winked to the Talbanized Sunni delegation to take action against the Shias whereby their houses were burnt in the northern territories, their properties ransacked, and they killed. The description of this event is given elsewhere.
On the unity of Shias and Sunnis, Imam Khomeini who was Marja al –Taqlid says: “Those who show discord are neither Sunni nor Shias; they are agents of superpower and work for them.” On another occasion he said: Muslims are brothers and will not be segregated by the pseudo-propaganda sponsored by corrupt elements.” And that summed up the activities of General Ziaul Haque.
Mohammad Ali Jinnah RA was born on 25th December 1876 in Karachi. He died on 11 September 1948 in Karachi. He was a student at Sindh Madressah Karachi and studied at Bombay University and Lincoln's Inn London where he was admitted in 1893 and came out donned in the distinction of Barrister-at-Law in 1896 and became the most successful lawyer in Bombay and joined politics in 1905. And there were two words Leagy and Congressy and all the Muslims big or small were Leagy. And Quaed-e Azam was so adored and he was so upright that the Muslims could shed their blood for him. There was no Muslim born in the subcontinent of India with that authority as Mohammad Ali Jinnah. He was of the the Shia Asna Ashari Aqeeda – the faith a Muslim followed. The Nikah or the marriage solemnization of Mohammad Ali Jinnah was performed by a Shia Aalim, Sheikh Abul Qasim Shariat. Quaed-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s family belonged to Ismaili Agha Khani Khoja, but Qaed-e Azam was converted to Shia Asana Ashari from the Ismaili Agha Khani in London by Maharaja Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan Muhib, father of Raja Mohammad Ahmad Khan of Mahmudabad.
Quaed-e Azam was an active member of the Khoja Shia Asana Ashari Jamat in Bombay. The wife of Quaed-e Azam died in Bombay and she was buried in the Khoja Asana Ashari graveyard. Mohtarma Fatimah Jinnah when she went on an official tour to Bhakkar Mianwali to tour and meet the people she did Matam-e Husain in the Imam Baargah Mahajereen Bhakkar and identified herself to be Shia.
Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari Ameer Majlis-e Ahrar said he was against Jinnah because he is a Rafzi – they called Shias, Rafzi on the basis of enmity, and no Shia could think of joining Majlis-e Ahrar, but one Maulana Mazhar Ali Azhar carrying a Shia like name was an active member of Majlis-e Ahrar, this man said Quaed-e Azam was Kafir-e Azam. And they pretended that the Shias say Quaed-e Azam was Kafir-e Azam. And none of the Sunni Ulemas, including Maulana Husain Ahmad Madni, Head of the Darul Uloom Deoband, India, Allama Hameed Uddin Mashraqi of Khaksar Tahreek, Ameer of Majlis-e Ahrar Ataullah Shah Bukhari and the founder of the Jamat-e Islami Maulana Abul Ala Maudoodi were happy with the leadership of the Quaed-e Azam, because he was a Shia.
When Quaed-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah died in the governor House in Karachi Maulana Anisul Hasnain Rizvi of Sadat Amroha was called at. An official vehicle went to bring him to the Governor House and under his supervidion the washing of the body of the Quaed was done according to Shia precepts and the Maulana said the Namaz-e Janaza, later the state Namaz was said by Allama Shabbir Ali Usmani at the site of the burial. At the time of the burial the Talqeen as per Shia practice was recited by Mohammad Husain Baltistani.
When the funeral procession of Quaed-e Azam started from the Governor House for the present Mazar-e Qaed, then all rounds there was Alam of Maula Abul Fazlil Abbas and the coffin was moving under cover of Alam - the standard of Hazrat Abbas Als and on the Pharaira - the banners was written Ya Husain Als, Ya Abbas Als. Then a big Majlis-e Aza was held at the Governor House and large banners of publicity were written to say; Majlis-e Aza-e Husain Als for the beneficence of the soul of Jinnah Qaed-e Azam RA.
Quaed-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s faith as a Muslim was strongly entrenched in the Shia Asana Ashari faith but he had a thorough knowledge of the dicta of the Fiqah-e Hanafi – Hanafi School of Jurisprudence of the Muslim Sunni Sect, which showed up in his historic address on 17 March 1911 to the Imperial Legislative Council in Calcutta on Muslim Endowmwnt Bill – Waqful- Aulad.
In his speech on the occasion of the first Constituent Assebmly on 11th August 1947, Quaed-e Azam said: “You are free, free to go to your temples; you are free to go to your mosques and to any other places of worship in this state of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or cast or creed that has nothing to do with the business of the state.” This extract in conformity forming the words of the Quaed-e Azam was from the God’s revelation in Quran, the Aayet Aayatul Kursi said; ‘La Aekra ha Fiddin’- there is no compulsion in religion.
The Islamists could not bear the leadership of Islam snatched from them and enshrined in the being of the genetic constitution of Quaed-e Azam and they called him Kafir and he was an impeccable character, upright and of integrity. Unfortunately his work and sayings have been deliberately hidden or even belied upon and distorted and his true sayings have been limited to be shown only in the precincts of the academic centres. Because his quotes and slogan are too directional and they want chaos in Pakistan.
In 1946 when Quad-e Azam went to England with Viceroy Lord Wavell, Congress Party leader Jawahar Lal Nehru and League stalwart Liaquat Ali Khan were other notaries accompanying in this journey. King George VI, King of Great Britain and British Dominions, Emperor of India happened to invite them at dinner on the night of Ashoor-e Moharram. Quaed-e Azam after seeing that schedule on board the ship said he will not attend this dinner and before the ship reached London the schedule had been changed. Mahatma Gandhi Jee used to come to Quaed-e Azam to meet him at his house in Bombay. On the 20th of Ramazn Hazrat Mohammad Ali Jinnah RA told the journalists tomorrow on the 21st of Ramzan, he will not meet Gandhi Jee. The Journalists asked the reason he said tomorrow is 21st of Ramzan. The journalists expressed their lack of knowledge about the significance of the date; Hazrat Quaed-e Azam said, you have no knowledge that it is the day of the martyrdom of Imamul Muttaqeen Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib Als.
Mahatma Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi, the Bapu of the entire India, offered Mohammad Ali Jinnah the leadership of the undivided India. Think of the largeness of the heart of Gandhi and the feeling of the pain for the Muslims in the heart of Jinnah. He did not accept it, though there was fame that was to go with it. He did not want the Muslims to sit in the boat of secularism and it launched in the undivided India, but sit in a boat with the mainstay hoisting the sail of Unity, Faith and Discipline, all the Quranic injunctions and launched as Pakistan. And the secularists had a field day advancing their theory that Quaed-e Azam was one of them and the Islamists rebuked Quaed-e Azam that he was not one of them. What tragedy befell on the Islamists not to see beyond their nose hampered by their prejudice?
Not understanding the logic of positivism and grasping linguistic eloquence, and raising objections are the trait and the fashion of the Maslaki Aalims – the knockabout learned, dedicated to their particular schools of thought of biased beliefs from defunct religious seminaries. Of these, a doctor of medicine Dr Israr Ahmad writes in the Daily Jang London of January 23, 2007: “The controversial sentence of Quaed-e Aazam (Mohammad Ali Jinnah) in his speech of 11th August 1947 that:
” Anqareeb Pakistan Mein Na Muslim Muslim Rahay Ga Na Ghair Muslim Ghair Muslim Rahay Ga.” - Soon in Pakistan, neither a Muslim will be (identified) to be a Muslim, nor a non Muslim, a non Muslim.
The Maslaki Aalim further says. “Kaash Woh Yeh Alfaz Na Kehtay.” -Wish he had not said these words. And he adds, “My opinion about this sentence of the Quaed-e Aazam is that the secularists forward it as a supporting argument in their favour.”
And what was a beautiful guide line from the Great Leader, advising to build a peaceful and an idealistic state where the Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and the Jews will enter in a state of brotherliness and develop respect for each other, though each retaining their religion - after all the slogan of Hindu Muslim Bha-ee Bha-ee was cheerily taken by the Muslims and the Hidus alike in the pacifying days of the undivided India. But the Maslaki Aalim raises objection to it, under the compulsion of his Maslaki views. This Dr of medicine sees fissures in the Great Leader’s noble thought taken off from La Aekraha Fid Deen’ - there is no Jabr – no arm twisting in the religion.
In fact this Maslaki Aalim, Dr Israr Ahmad was the greatest hypocrite that lived, he said about Imam Husain Als that he was not a martyr, in presence of Dr Kalb-e Sadiq on 9th of Moharram- 2006 on the TV; he was a slain person he said, whereas he claimed to believe in the Prophet of Islam Hazrat Mohammad Mustufa SAWW, but did not believe in his words. The Prophet SAWW wept when Imam Husain Als was given in his arms as new born baby and said he will be martyrd in Karbala, I have just been informed by Angel Gibrael.
The slogan of Bread, Cloth and Shelter was given by Quaed-e Awam Shaheed Zulfequar Ali Bhutto. In Surah Nahel, Aayet 16.6, God mentions of Jamal that is grace and beauty. The stage of grace and beauty will come, once one was free of the worry of Bread, Cloth and Shelter. The motto of the party was to create sufficiency in the basic needs of the people. But that was materialistic and limited in scope to fire the vision to the realms of benignancy, and where the horizon could not be located in ascendancies was the slogan of Unity, Faith and Discipline - Tanzeem, Ittehad and Yaqeen-e Mohkam given by the Quaed-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, which was forgotten in due course after this later slogan took birth, which was made a ritual. And one slogan was timeless and the other only related to the specifics. One only prepared the masses to sail in the boat like the Mayflower and reach to the promising territories like of the America, but the other fired one’s self to reach out to Godliness. And this much was the difference between the leaders of the later days and the Quaed-e Azam.
In the beginning Quaed-e Azam did not want a separate country for the Muslims and was all along striving for a united India and Hindu Muslim Unity. The British had decided to give independence to India, but the Congress rejected Hindu Muslim balance of power in the central government and as President of the All India Muslim League Qaed-e Azam had little choice left but to blunt a Hindu raj once the British left, since the Congress insisted the British leave India and the discretion of the extent of the rule to the Muslims will be decided by the Majority Hindu.
A British Cabinet Mission of three members was formed by the Prime Minister of Great Britain Clement Attlee to evolve a body in India to form a constitutional body, which arrived on 23 March 1946 in India and it had to ultimately propose of the partition because of the disagreements. Quaed-e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was President of All India Muslim League from 1916 after joining it in 1913, at the same time he was a member of the Indian National Congress till 1920 when he resigned, when Indian National Congress launched a non – cooperation movement to boycott the British rule and take hold of power.
And God was kind to send a leader for the Muslims in the shape of Mohammad Ali Jinnah. His every move was calculated and of a constitutional expert. There was no match to him. Jaswant Singh, the ex-foreign minister of India, after five years of his research released his book ‘Jinnah, Partition and Independence’ on 18 August 2009. He writes that Quaed-e Azam was the most outstanding figure among the contemporary political leaders of India. Jaswant Singh was a high ranking party member of the right wing Hindu Bhartiya Janta Party, the BJP and he found Quaed-e Aazam a bigger leader than Wallabh Bhai Patel, Jawaharlal Nehru and even Mahatma Gandhi. For praising Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Jaswant Singh was expelled from the BJP by its leadership, but he basked in the glory of speaking and presenting truth and he served his religion better than any of the leaders in the higher echelons of the BJP with their agenda of revitalising the Hinduism.
Quaed-e Azam was a patient of Tuberculosis and it is sheer human determination that he stood to so much hard work and achieved the mission in the short time of his life he had with him. His last message to the nation was on 14th August 1948. “The foundations of your state have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly and as well as you can.” And his wish was; religious edicts will not be elongated, and made the dominating fundamentals in the nation’s life, but equality for all was to be bred and observance of moralistic values practiced.
In January 1948 a minor communal riot erupted in Karachi. The Editor of the Karachi daily, Sindh Observer, Mr K. Punniah wrote some provocative editorial castigating the government. The administration wanted to take action against the editor, the matter was brought to light of the Governor General, and it was stopped. Then the officials prepared a draught ordinance for the Governor General to promulgate to detain anyone for some time without trial. Quaed-e Azam tore up the draft, saying all his life he has opposed ‘black law’.
Quaed-e Azam was a modernist. He changed his religion to Shia faith that guided by the infallible Imams and abandoned his attachment with his old faith. When Lord Louis Mountbatten was appointed Viceroy to India in February 1947, he quickly became friend of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, but Quaed-e Azam disliked him. Though Mountbatten had charm, but he had a stigma of homosexuality attached with his name and had scruples with his wife.
Quaed-e Azam’s personal charm stood out everywhere and his charismatic personality accepted all sorts of dresses as becoming on him. He has worn Agha Khani velvety tunic with wound Safa, brimmed hat and suit, Sherwani and black lamb wool pointed wide band Topi – given the name of Jinnah Cap and stylishly used monocle with a front pocket chain watch in his Sherwani dress. And he was also fond of Havana Cigar. In billiard he would thoroughly judge to 100% pocket the ball, the acumen he used in politics. And a modernist and an upright politician were sitting in him.
Quad-e Azam was a stern man and this was due to his integrity in his profession and in his life. During his early practice as barrister, his uprightness always impressed the clients and they went to him to take their cases. In one case a well known businessman Haji Abdul Karim was summoned to the court on some serious charges. He went to Mohammad Ali Jinnah and asked him how much fees he will charge. Jinnah replied Rs 500.00 per day.The Hajji was a frugal person. He asked for how long the case will last, I have in all five thousand rupees; you take this amount in return for your entire service in this case.
Jinnah said he will not accept that and his fees are rupees five hundred per day. Either you pay me these fees or you can find another advocate. Abdul Karim accepted his condition and Jinnah won the case in three days. His fees worked out Rs 1500.00 which he happily took.
During the early days of Jinnah’s practice Mrs Sirojini Naidu met him. She read the tall character of Jinnah hidden behind his apparent sternness. She writes about Jinnah:
“I have not seen such contradiction between anyone’s apparent characteristic and his real character. He is high of stature but extremely lean and thin and in appearance looking so weak. His manners are of affluent, but his physical delicacy is a deceiving curtain before it, behind which is hidden unusual power in intellect and strength of character. He is dry and irritable and keeps himself to himself and usually does not meet people with open arms. His manner is usually dictatorial. But those people who know him, know well that behind his pomp, haughtiness and arrogance, there is hidden a very attractive personality.” Taken from the book ‘Jinnah Namah’, by Khalid Siraj.
When the illess became worse Quaed-e Azam went to Quetta and then to Ziarat for recovery but the climate did not suit him there and he returned to Karachi and what a contrast in obedience and the shirking of responsibility, the response from the nation to this precious gift to Pakistan was of aloofness – the men at the helm of the government, sent a Dakota, Douglas DC-3 plane to bring him back, but not even a third degree official to receive him at the Mauripur Royal Pakistan Air Base and worst of all only a Red Cross, tin roof ambulance to carry him from the base to the Governor House.
And the vehicle had to breakdown for two hours on the road and Miss Fatimah Jinnah sit in the ambulance on the ambulance bench and the driver and the ADC stand outside and the heat of the day and in it the sick Quaed-e Azam. Soon after two hours his English military secretary arrived with another ambulance and it was announced the Quaed-e Azam died that same day. All evidence say of the wilful negligence from the Prime Minister, nothing else. Even in those days there were cars out from the factories that did eighty miles an hour on reasonable roads and ice cream plants were sold for installation deep inside in the country with conveyor belts for turning out packed and wrapped ice cream bars and there was no dearth of means but only that of will.
And this tussle between the Prime Minister and the Head of the State, Governor General or the President is repetitious in Pakistan, it is because, the Muslim nature is not suited to democracy. It needs to be ruled by a King, pious and wise. And there is a King available for Pakistan!
When returning after performing the first and the last Hajj, the Prophet SAWW was ordered on way to Medina by God, to immediately declare Ali Als as his successor and it was in Ghadeer-e Khum that the Prophet SAWW gave a long sermon and said Mun Kunto Maula Fa Haza Aliyun Maula – whose so ever I am Master this Ali is his Master and he put a pink turban on his head as his coronation as the administrator of the world. And Hazrat Alis’ sons from Imam Hasan Askari Als the 11th Imam are present to take over as the King of Pakistan.
And what a bliss it will be to have a Sayed lead the nation as King. The Adl or justice will be the highest in priority after the Tauheed – the acceptance of the Oneness of God, not angels, not Qiyamat. The practice of justice will determine the rule of law and order in the society. And this kingdom will extend from Pakistan to Saudi Arabia and the Salah in the Kaaba will be led by the Shia Aalim with the Surahs recited with Bismillah and the Salawat sent on the progenies of the Prophet SAWW along with the Prophet SAWW.
Normally the Shias are recognisable from their bearings and the ways and talks veered away from mentioning of the first three Khulfa and Bibi Aisha. And the fun was a Shia was invited to a Sunni wedding and there were Johala type invitees, not very literate only prejudiced Sunnis in the gathering. Outside in the poorly lit light the Sunni said to the Shia, ‘Jinnah was a Rafzi’ and it had been eighteen years since the Qaed-e Azam had died, and his Mazar had a few haphazard growths of trees. The Sunni said, ‘we shall put one or two Mujawirs – attendants at the Mazar and the Qauwals will go on Thursdays to the Mazar with their Dholak – small drums hung from the neck and sing Qauwalis and there are trees and bushes growing and the boys and girls will go behind those bushes in the dark to make use of the place and in this way we shall bury the name of Jinnah.’
And this Sunni was every bit expressing the feelings of the Madressah he came from, who disliked Qaed-e Azam because he was a Shia, disregarding what he did for them, giving a fort to Islam - a great service for Islam, giving it a home where the Shia faith could be followed openly not like in Saudi Arabia where no Shia could openly practice the faith of Islam in the manner as taught to them by the Imams of the house of the Prophet SAWW and where the Sunni majority were free to wave their banner of Sunniism and bring out new traditions of processions of Baarah Rabi-ul-Auwwal and could even give rise to unchecked expression in extremism.
Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan after he took over the country gave an address in the Royal Albert Hall in London and he said, ‘the Qaed was a sick man.’And when he settled down in the saddle of power, he opened international tender and gave first award in architectural excellence to the Turkish Architect and affectionately built on his plan on raised plinth the Mausoleum of the Quaed-e Azam. And where as it was true the Quaed was in a sick man’s body, but he was ‘High’ and ‘Determined’ and was ‘Badshah’- a King! In a deep hinterland village near Fatehpur Haswa, called Korrah Sadaat, where there was only uneven mud road to go to on the Baail Gardis - the oxen driven carriages, no postal service and no Aekka to ride on. One cold morning in 1948, the news of lament spread in the village:
Pakistan Ka Badshah Toa Mar Gava
The King of the state of Pakistan has died – that’s the truth.
There was a hush in the village. Then one villager said, ‘He was not their King,’ then the other said, Woh Wahan Ka Badshah He Thha – he was King of that place all right.
And that summed up the true status of the Quaed-e Aazam. And that was due to the genius in the gentleman in the sick man’s body whom not only his nation but all other nations admired. And the Shia Khoja community to which the Quaed-e Aazam belonged to were to be thanked for bringing up such talent. Their silent massive work they do for the cause of the service to humanity is exemplary and admirable.
Pakistan resolution was passed in Lahore in 1940, after that it was only matter of time that Pakistan was to come in existence. A poet in 1942 said the following verses in love of the Quaed-e Aazam.
Musalmanoan Ki Halki Phulki Si Kishti
Jinnnah Ki Badoulat Khuda Kay Saharay
Chali Ja Rahee Hai Kinaray Kinaray
The Muslim’s feather light boat
Because of Jinnah and helped by God
is keeping its course and going on by the bank of the river.
The Ottoman Empire was defeated by the European powers, wiping out the Muslim Khilafat that was running for the last six hundred years, 1299 – 1922, it was spanning over three continents at the height of its power in 16th – 17th century, controlling most of South-eastern Europe, West Asia and North Africa, where at the Europeans joined together to gobble up the Ottoman territories and under the treaty of Serves in August 1920, Britain and France liquidated the defeated Turkish Empire. Then they proceeded to create new Arab protectorates in Arab territories.
Jinnah before the British Parliamentary Committee of the British House of Commons said, “.....The Khalifa is the only rightful custodian of the Holy Places according to our view and nobody else has a right........the holy places should not be severed from the Ottoman Empire under the Sultan”. Together with his statement before the Parliamentary Committee Barrister Jinnah also submitted a memorandum to the British Prime Minister elaborating the viewpoint of the Indian Muslims on the Ottoman Caliphate and the future of Turkey. Already through the Balfour Declaration in 1917 the British government had pledged to the Jews to plant a Jewish State in Palestine.
Quaed-e Azam was very hurt with what was happening with the great Muslim Empire, being dismembered. On returning to Bombay on 17 November, 1919 he said to the Daily Bombay Chronicle, which he headed as Chairman of the Board of Directors, “the British were so persistent in striking a blow at the integrity of the Ottoman Empire”.
And he was thrilled when Kamal Ataturk hurled back the Christian aggressors of Europe from Turkey trying to bring its population under their slavery. When Kamal Ataturk died in 1938, Quaed-e Azam said, “Kamal Ataturk was the greatest Musalman in the modern Islamic World........The remarkable way in which he rescued and built up his people has no parallel in history..............In him not only the Musalmans but the whole world has lost one of the greatest men that ever lived.”
Raja Sahib of Mahmudabad had spent 30, 00000, thirty lacs of rupees to make the All India Muslim League session in Lucknow successful in 1937.That session pumped life in the AIML, after that it picked up election seats. It was a large amount Raja Sahib had spent for the success of the AIML and truly he had spent most of his wealth on the making of the realisation of Pakistan a success and he wanted an Islamic State with its Sunnah and Shariah. But Quaed-e Azam wanted a Muslim Liberaal Democratic Stae and Quaed-e Azam was against a theocratic state, since there were over 70 sects in Islam and each claimed its interpretation right. Later in 1970 Raja Sahib wrote Quaed-e Azam was right. But he had left India due to ideological stress on this subject and resided in Iraq.
When Quaed-e Azam went to Quetta for a change of climate and the recouping of health, he was not getting better and he remembered of Raja Sahib and called him from Iraq to Quetta. He was the only devoted with him in whom he could confide. Raja Sahib of Mahmudabad in his last days was a penniless prince. He was offered repeatedly levels of posts in the reigns of President Iskandar Mirza, and the two consecutive Genrals, General Mohammad Ayub Khan, General Agha Khano, though high posts but not commensurate with his roll and stature and he said, ‘he has sacrificed only his wealth not his nobility.’ He died on October 14, 1973 in London and according to his will he was buried in Meshhad, the city of the 8th Imam of the Aehlebaait, Imam Raza Als.
Quaed-e Azam executed his last Will on 30th May 1939 in Bombay. By this Will he bequeathed his house with land situated at Mount Pleasant Road in Malabar Hill Bombay, his shares, securities and bank account in favour of his sister Fatimah Jinnah. And he made a bequest in favour of his other sisters, brother, Anjum Islam School Bombay, University of Bombay, Arabic College Delhi and his entire residuary Estate including corpus was divided in three parts and one part each to be given to Aligarh University, Islamia College Peshawar and Sind Madressah Karachi.
He directed his executors to set apart Rs 200,000/-, which then brought Rs 1000/- per month in return, to be paid every month to his daughter during her life time. After her death corpus of Rs 200,000/- was to be divided equally between her children.
According to records available with Estate of Quaed-e Azam, the Will was executed and all payments to the beneficiaries of the Will were paid, except the bequest in favour of Aligarh university, which was ordered by the High Court of Sindh to be retained in Pakistan and held in Trust constituted under orders of the Sindh High Court for payment of income earned thereon as scholarships to poor, needy and deserving students on merit. The Quaed-e Azam Aligarh Education Trust continues to function up-to-date and has granted more than 5000 scholarships to students for graduate, post graduate studies in Pakistan as Jinnah Scholarship.
 Air Marshal Asghar Khan’s book we‘ve Learnt Nothing from History.
 Extract from Monthly Aljauwad Banaras, of April 2010, with thanks.
 Refer to Air Marshal Asghar Khan’s book, ‘We’ve Learnt Nothing from History.’