Global Warming Fact or Fiction?

Global warming
Global warming | Source

Global Warming. Global warming fact or fiction? Global warming hoax or real? What is global warming and is it true? If you search the Internet you can find scientific hypothesis for both sides of the issue, so which is true?

First, we know global warming is a threat and causes rising sea levels and climate changes. Over 70% of the earth is covered with water and 99% of that water is in the ocean and 2% of that is in frozen ice caps. The ocean’s ecosystem is showing signs of imbalance. Did you know that the ocean influences our weather and climate patterns? According to Ecologic Development fund the average temperature of the planet is increasing.

The next part of global warming is “greenhouse gases”. The greenhouse effect captures heat and keeps the earth’s surface warm enough for us to live on it. Studies of the Earth’s climate history show that even small changes in CO2 levels generally have come with significant shifts in the global average temperature. That might not sound like a big deal, but even if the temperature change is at the small end of the predictions, the changes to the climate are expected to be serious: more intense storms, more pronounced droughts, coastal areas more severely eroded by rising seas. (From Science of Global Warming) In a joint statement with 10 other National Academies of Science, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences has warned that there is sufficient climate change to take action.

So many areas are directly affected by climate change – which also affects our oceans. One hundred natives of a small island in the Pacific Ocean had to be relocated because of rising sea levels flooding their island. There is a village in Alaska called Shishmaref that is collapsing from permafrost. Relocation plans are in the works for this village. I have no doubt these are not the only places facing these flooding issues.

Some scientists say that glaciers are growing but it is believed that is a minority situation. In approximately 36 years glaciers have lost 890 cubic miles of ice and continue to do so. Even in Greenland there are signs of the ice melting. The Science for Global Warming’s article “Scientific Consensus on the Basic Facts of Global Warming” states that the only real debate is about how fast the warming will occur and how much damage will be done by our activities that produce heat-trapping CO2 and other greenhouse-gas emissions. Further the Science for Global Warming believes that arguments against global warming are nature in science and that scientists always look for the loopholes and refute each others findings to truly explore, delve into, and prove the facts. That in itself is a natural phenomenon.

The New York Times article on Global Warming (updated Jan. 13, 2011) states that global talks on climate change opened in Cancun, Mexico in late 2010 with the toughest issues unresolved and the conference producing modest agreements. It goes on to state that President Obama vowed as a candidate that he would put the United States on a path to addressing climate change by reducing emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas pollutants. In another article entitled Climate Change and Coffee, the New York Time states that changes in rainfall and temperature are affecting coffee plants in Columbia and that production dropped off 70 % last year.

Two children drawing on dry land.
Two children drawing on dry land. | Source

Ask.com says, “Worldwide, every major scientific agency or institution that studies climate, oceans or the atmosphere agrees that the global climate is warming rapidly and the primary cause is greenhouse gas emissions related to human activity. It is really no surprise. For centuries mankind has not paid attention to the effects of their behavior on this planet. The slaughter of animals, the decimations of rain forests and on and on. The effects of global warming include a rise in temperatures, increased drought, expanding deserts, deadly heat waves, the disappearance of snow except on the highest mountain peaks, a rise in sea levels, more frequent severe storms and floods, and a rise in disease. Watching the news and reading the papers leads one to believe this is currently happening. The amount of flooding and tornadoes in this country alone seems to be rising daily!

The sad part is that this has been caused primarily by man. The increase of carbon dioxide is believed to be caused by the use of fossil fuels, cutting down rainforests, and extended housing. Rising sea levels cause people to lose their homes with two examples stated here earlier.

The World Natural Health Organization says there is no global warming and it is being used to generate fear and panic and they are not alone. LifeSites.com posted an article on Jan. 7, 2011 stating “a new study published in the scientific journal Nature Geoscience has concluded that the claimed melting of the Himalayan glaciers trumpeted by the United Nations as ‘proof’ for catastrophic global warming, does not match the evidence. Instead, the researchers found that many glaciers in the Himalayas are expanding or stable.” This article goes on to say that doubts about global warming were initially sparked by U.S. Sen. James Inhofe (R. Olka) who said on the Senate floor, “With all of the hysteria, all of the fear, all of the phony science, could it be that man-made global warming is the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people? It sure sounds like it.” However, even the oil companies acknowledge changes due to global warming.

Remember it is almost impossible to get all scientists to agree on any one thing. Environmental scientist David Keith said, "The core theory says if you double or triple CO2 in the atmosphere, it's going to get warmer, this is something we've known from pretty basic physics and proved with a lot of good science for more than 100 years. That's the reason to worry, not the warming over the last few decades." Approximately 55 million years ago, the climate was warm enough to support alligators in the high Arctic. It took 10 million years for those CO2 levels to decrease to the current level. At humanity's current rate of CO2 production, Keith said, levels will rise back up to that point in only 100 years: 100,000 times faster. "There is no controversy among anybody, even the skeptics, that the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is going up -- unless you pick ones that are just nutballs." Keith said. "We know that without any doubt." If you would like to read the article these quotes were taken from it can be found at http://news.discovery.com/earth/is-global-warming-real.html

The site globalwarminghoax.wordpress.com believes we have all been brainwashed. One of its articles is mostly an attack on Al Gore, a proponent of global warming. Another states these changes have always been happening in the world and are not a result of global warming. Iwatchnews.org in an article dated July 31, 2008 states that ABC News reporter John Stossel does not believe in global warming and he’s working to make sure you don’t either. It further quotes Mr. Stossel, ““It's possible that [global warming is] going to be a catastrophe as Al Gore says, but I'm highly skeptical of that after the long list of prior catastrophes. I'm a skeptic of the people who say it's a catastrophe and we can fix it. I'm utterly convinced that the stuff like buying a Prius or changing a light bulb will make absolutely no difference.”

In an article entitled, “Is man caused Global Warning a Scientific Fact?”, the author, who’s name does not appear in the article on the Internet states, “There is no doubt that increasing the opacity of the air by the added CO2 causes an increase in global temperature. There is also no doubt that changes in solar radiation changes global temperature. The question is if the amount of increase contributed by man's emissions of CO 2 is significant compared to changes due to the sum of the confounding variables …” He further states, “The public needs to recognize that just because something is modeled on a computer - it need not represent reality, and the result of erroneous public policy are not with out great cost.” He is saying that scientists are using computer models to predict the effects of greenhouse emissions on global warming and to predict further, the future of the world’s temperature and storm systems. He believes that changes in our solar output, plant coverage, ground level ozone, genetic changes in the ocean algae, changes in earth’s magnetic field, and other natural changes effect global warming.

Taken from Greeleygazette.com; Most scientific studies indicate that a small degree of global warming exists, but no models can predict any regional changes. Nothing is certain.The issue started out as “Global Warming,” but a safer title was adopted: “Climate Change.” Either way, the basic thrust is that mankind is adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere thus causing the earth to warm, climate to change, oceans to rise, ice to melt, animals and people to migrate.

But many experts do not accept Global Warming as a valid theory. Former CSU professor Bill Gray, Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Science and a world expert on hurricanes, stated in 2006 that current theories of human-induced global warming are promoted by government leaders and environmentalists seeking to create world government. He believes that humans are not responsible for the warming of the earth and has stated that "We're brainwashing our children."

Source

Publishing the newly collated data in London, Peter Stott, the head of climate modeling at the UK Met Office, said despite variations between individual years, the evidence was unequivocal: "When you follow those decade-to-decade trends then you see clearly and unmistakably signs of a warming world". Despite annual fluctuations, the figures also highlight the clear trend for the 2000s to be hotter than the 1990s, which in turn were clearly warmer than the previous decade, said Stott.

"These numbers are not theory, but fact, indicating that the Earth's climate is moving into uncharted territory," said Rafe Pomerance, a senior fellow at Clean Air Cool Planet, a US group dedicated to helping find solutions to global warming. (www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010)

Science Daily published “Democrats and Republicans Increasingly Divided Over Global Warming, Study Finds” on April 23, 2011. "Instead of a public debate about different policies to deal with global warming, a significant percentage of the American public is still debating the science," said McCright, MSU associate professor and primary investigator on the study. "As a result, we're failing to significantly address one of the most serious problems of our time”

In another Science Daily article published March 9, 2011 it stated, “According to a University of Michigan study published in the forthcoming issue of Public Opinion Quarterly,more people believe in "climate change" than in "global warming. "You may have heard about the idea that the world's temperature may have been going up [changing] over the past 100 years, a phenomenon sometimes called 'global warming' ['climate change']. What is your personal opinion regarding whether or not this has been happening? Overall, 74 percent of people thought the problem was real when it was referred to as climate change, while about 68 percent thought it was real when it was referred to as global warming. (ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 28, 2011, from http://www.sciencedaily.com­/releases/2011/03/110308173242.htm)

So is it a matter of semantics? Back and forth across the Internet are sites dedicated to the truth in global warning and the hoax of global warming. Which is fact and which is fiction? It doesn’t take a genius to see there are changes taking place. I personally can’t give the reason and I don’t think there is a simple solution but I’m sure there are changes taking place and we can’t ignore it!

Update - May 4, 2011 - the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) the scientific arm of the eight-nation Arctic Council has stated the ice in the Arctic is melting faster than expected. "The melting of Arctic glaciers and ice caps, including Greenland's massive ice sheet is projected to help raise global sea levels by 35 to 63 inches by 2100, AMAP said, although it noted that estimate was highly uncertain. That's up from the 2007 projection of 7 to 23 inches.

P.S. In the interest of science I have added a poll to the end of this Hub so you can see where you stand (opinion-wise) among other readers.

Global Warming Fact or Fiction?

  • Fact
  • Fiction
  • Undecided
See results without voting

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Comments 37 comments

Abie Taylor profile image

Abie Taylor 5 years ago from Wakefield, United Kingdom

Great hub! loved it! you're right, is it true or false? great wording. Rated up, useful and awesome x


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 5 years ago from New York Author

Wow Abie, I was still checking to make sure my links were working and you were readikng my hub! Thanks.


Cogerson profile image

Cogerson 5 years ago from Virginia

Very nice, you have written some great points....and a great collection of photos and videos.....very interesting and informative....great job tillsontitan


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 5 years ago from New York Author

Thanks Cogerson. I figured it was a timely topic.


Bill's Ideas profile image

Bill's Ideas 4 years ago from Virginia, USA

I like your hub, but one thing, CO or CO2 is not a gas. CO is what plants live on which they turn that into oxygen so we can breath. Everything that I have read blames CO but CO is not a gas.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

Thanks for the heads up Bill but I don't actually say it's a gas. Glad you like my hub.


Bill's Ideas profile image

Bill's Ideas 4 years ago from Virginia, USA

No problem' I was trying to talking in general terms. Like the EPA is trying to regulate CO. Also alot of the green sites also call it a gas. That is what I was talking about.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

Thanks for the clarification Bill, I'm still learning.


Robert Kernodle profile image

Robert Kernodle 4 years ago

CO is carbon MOnoxide.

CO2 is carbon DIoxide.

Both are invisble, odorless gases.

CO kills rather quickly, as people who have committed suicide by car exhaust have well understood.

CO2 CAN kill, but, at ordinary atmospheric trace concentrations (near 400 parts per million) CO2 does NOT kill -- it feeds plants. Even in submarines (at concentrations as high as 7000 -that's seven THOUSAND- parts per million) CO2 is NOT poison like CO (carbon MOnoxide).

My latest research into this topic leads me to believe that the CO2 greenhouse global warming fear is unfounded to the point that believing in a CO2 greenhouse backradiation overheating process is believing in pseudoscience.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

Thanks for your comment Robert. So many issues and so many opinions. This is really a hot topic!


Robert Kernodle profile image

Robert Kernodle 4 years ago

Yes, global warming is, indeed, a HOT topic (^_^)'


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

Wow, I'm good, didn't even realize I was playing with my words.


Sebastian Tyrrell 4 years ago

I look forward to reading Robert Kernodle's research on the topic. It must be quite revolutionary. Are you publishing in the mainstream scientific journals? Or on hubpages? That would be a coup indeed, because its likely to involve Nobel prize winning physics and we might be the first to know! Because the basics of the greenhouse effect has been understood for over 150 years and there is an awful lot of evidence that it is the basis of current warming.

Of course, plants do consume CO2. But if plants were indeed consuming all the excess CO2 we produce in increased plant growth we simply wouldn't see an increase in global CO2 levels. But we do, and they will breach 400 ppm for the first time in at least 800 000 years, probably over 2.6M years, by about 2015.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

I take it Sebastian you are a believer in Global Warming? It sounds like you have been following this closely and have a lot more knowledge about it than I do. Thanks for stopping by and adding your comment!


Robert Kernodle profile image

Robert Kernodle 4 years ago

Sebastian,

When I use the phrase, "my research", I am referring to the sort of studying that I do before writing a HubPages article. I use the phrase more loosely than, say, an Einstein or a Feynman in the pro ranks of scientists. I am NOT in those ranks, but I AM curious to make it clear to non-professionals what the thinking in those ranks might be. I have come across such pros who make extremely convincing arguments against the fundamental premise upon which the anthropogenic global warming worry is based.

Non-professionals need insights into these technical developments too, and I would like to help contribute to such insights.

You say, "... the basics of the greenhouse effect has been understood for over 150 years and there is an awful lot of evidence that it is the basis of current warming."

I say that I am finding that those basics are very likely basically wrong. The so-called 150-year-old "understanding" of the so-called "CO2 greenhouse effect" is very likely a MISunderstanding of some foundational principles of physics and their mathematical derivations.

Stay tuned, as I attempt to wade through the confusion anew.

Robert


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

Thanks Robert, there is nothing like a good debate. We'll wait to see what you find.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 4 years ago from Nepal

I believe global warming is not a fiction. Many people believe global warming is only man made, however, scientific studies have found that global warming is also the result of celestial changes .

Thanks for this wonderful article.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 4 years ago from New York Author

Thanks for reading Vinaya. I'm still not sure though the recent weather in the States (last year or so) is making its case for global warming and making me lean that way.


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Great hub and insight into global warming. There are so many factors that lead to global warming. Informative and useful, great write. Voted up.


midget38 profile image

midget38 3 years ago from Singapore

Well, as you put it, it is difficult to decide if what is being said is true or not, because of many differing opinions (this pretty much sums up takes on any issue, actually.) Whatever it is, we should take care of the Earth and things around us because, well, we live here!


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 3 years ago

With the longer cold winter this year, global warming is hard to decide upon. Don't know how to vote on it, but it is an issue discussed by many. Great article.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York Author

Not only nice of you to read Vellur, but even nicer to leave your comment and vote!

Michelle, true, everyone has their opinions but on issues like this we need to try to put opinions aside and find out the facts!

teaches, if we look to the recent past, things are changing for sure. Thanks for the compliment.


mary615 profile image

mary615 3 years ago from Florida

You tackled a difficult subject here. I honestly just don't know if it is fact or fiction: I just know something has changed the climate....

It's hard to get the real facts on this matter.

Voted UP and shared.


SilverGenes 3 years ago

What an excellent article! From everything I've read, global warming has happened many times in earth's history. The numbers are there and the overall trend has been identified since the late 19th centry. What I have read, as you mention, is a lot of contradictory information as to whether or not we are contributing to it. That was a very interesting point you made about the poll changing depending on whether the term 'global warming' or 'climate change' was used. I did read a very interesting view not long ago. It stated simply that because we don't know for sure that our emissions are creating or adding to the problem, we should err on the side of caution. If they are and we act immediately, we may be a bit uncomfortable during a transition but we have a chance. If they are not, we end up with a cleaner world. On the other hand, if we wait and do nothing and are in fact causing or adding to it, the result will be disastrous. When put like that, doing nothing becomes a game of Russian roulette and it seems like a needless risk to take.


Lizam1 profile image

Lizam1 3 years ago from Victoria BC

Denial is a human trait. We see evidence before us but we choose to do nothing because that would mean change and taking responsibility. There is spin, counter spin and too many companies with an investment in not creating change. Global warming is for real. Sure there is evidence it has happened before but at this point in time we have created circumstances that will seriously impact the lives of our children and their children. It is almost tool late to change but not quite. Of course there are those who don't believe in the holocaust either and thought George W. was right in bombing Iraq. I am not amongst them:-)


Gail Meyers profile image

Gail Meyers 3 years ago from United States

You do a good job presenting this topic. I have previously read both sides of this debate. The Al Gore side, which I personally tend to discount. Isn't he the one who once claimed to have "invented the internet?" Then the other side stating that several hundred scientists have claimed it is complete fabrication.

Here's an excerpt from a Forbes article entitled Climate Change: Hoax or Crime of the Century?

"Is the climate changing? Of course. The climate always has changed and always will. Is the earth getting warmer? We should hope so for at least two reasons: First, the world emerged from the Little Ice Age in the 19th century, so it would be worrisome if it weren’t getting warmer.

Second, all the history indicates that humans thrive more during warmer periods than colder ones. It is likely, though, that earth has warmed less than many official temperature records indicate for a variety of reasons, including: few long-term records from either the southern hemisphere or the 71 percent of the planet that is covered by water; distortions from the urban heat-island effect and other faulty siting (e.g., temperature sensors next to asphalt parking lots, etc.; the decline in weather station reports from Siberia after the fall of the Soviet government; the arbitrarily ceasing to include measurements from northern latitudes and high elevations, etc.) The most accurate measures of temperature come from satellites. Since the start of these measurements in 1979, they show minor fluctuations and an insignificant net change in global temperature.

Is the earth getting dangerously warm? Probably not, since the earth was warmer than it is now in 7000 of the last 10,000 years. By the way, does anybody know what the “right” amount of global heat is?"


sparkster profile image

sparkster 3 years ago from United Kingdom

They're worried about global warming and rising sea levels, so what do they do? They use cloud-seeding to prevent the onset of global warming (allegedly) thereby causing sea-levels to rise even further!

Good article by the way, I recently read about a global warming report at NASA, which pretty much confirms what you've written here.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York Author

I don't know the answer either Mary but as SilverGenes' comments, isn't it better to err on the side of safety and try to err on the side of caution. Thanks for reading.

SilverGenes I agree with you. It is always better to be safe than sorry and you make some good points. I never did get the point to Russian Roulette.

Lizam, you're right too. Just because something has happened before doesn't make it right. Whatever it is I have seen climate change in my 65 years and in the big picture 65 years is just a drop in the bucket.

Gail, I certainly agree with you about Al Gore, however, there are still scientists in doubt about global warming. The "greenhouse gases" such as deforestation and fossil fuels are something man is responsible for. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has found; The global average surface temperature has risen 0.6 ± 0.2 °C since the late 19th century, and 0.17 °C per decade in the last 30 years, with temperatures projected to increase by 1.4 °C to 5.8 °C between 1990 and 2100...I don't know what the "right" amount of global heat is, but looking at these statistics it looks like we're starting to heat up faster and faster. A total of 34 national science academies have made formal declarations since 2001 confirming anthropogenic global warming and urging the nations of the world to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. In addition to the "global heat" there is what it does to our environment by melting ice caps, shrinking the Arctic Sea, believe it or not an increase in pollen, and sinking islands...to name a few. We need to do something to save the planet, wildlife and ourselves. Right or wrong, we can't ignore global warming.

Thanks Sparkster. It is definitely a tricky situation but one we can not ignore.


whonunuwho profile image

whonunuwho 3 years ago from United States

Global warming is a fact and brought about by careless and wasteful practices by our human race. We are committing a form of global suicide and no one seems to care. We are destroying our planet that took millions and millions of years to produce and a recycling was meant to occur that replenishes that which is used up. Because big industry and average individuals persist in careless mismanagement around the world, we are assuring our own shortened lives. Global warming is aided by us and nature was not meant to be abused as we continue to do. When we continue to hide behind subjects of debate and naysayers, then we get what we so deserve. It's time to wake up and smell what roses we still have, because our own bees are now being eradicated.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York Author

I look at your name, whonu, and wonder how many people will hide behind that phrase "who knew"....we know and its time to do something about it. Thanks for your comment.


SidKemp profile image

SidKemp 3 years ago from Boca Raton, Florida (near Miami and Palm Beach)

Thank you for raising this topic. Certainly, in government, global warming is fact, not fiction. The governor of New York just requested $460 Million to buy up coastal lands in New York State that were flooded by Superstorm Sandy. For the last 150 years, these lands were habitable. Now, they need to be made into a permanent flood zone where it is not safe for people to live. Those interested in this field in depth might want to look at my series on Go Green: Is it real, or is it a scam?


Rod Rainey profile image

Rod Rainey 3 years ago from Louisville, KY

Whether our practices are contributing to climate change or not, they are definitely wreaking mass degradation and there is no planet B. One need only look around to deforestation, mountaintop removal, oil spills, smog, lakes of toxic waste, traces of pharmaceuticals in water, the accelerating extinction rate, roadkill, (well, you know, the list goes on and on.) to know we are destroying the caring capacity of countless places around the world.

Why can't this be enough to change our ways? It's sad that our species must feel directly threatened before we're moved to action.

Wonderful hub, Thank You for sharing.


SidKemp profile image

SidKemp 3 years ago from Boca Raton, Florida (near Miami and Palm Beach)

Rod, you state the problem so well! I would add only two others, the fact that we've even poisoned entire oceans, and the one no one likes to talk about: overpopulation.

Perhaps we can't change our ways because we don't function as a harmonious species. I'd be really interested in your responses to my Go Green hubs, where I muse on this a lot.


Rod Rainey profile image

Rod Rainey 3 years ago from Louisville, KY

SidKemp, I like to think that if it were not for all the trivial ways that divide us and the vested interests in business as usual, we would function harmoniously (aside from the occasional sociopath), but who knows?

I will be sure to read your Go Green series. Thanks


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York Author

Thank you Sid and yes, I agree. Look at all the species that we've wiped out and the list of more to come! We're sharing this wonderful planet and if we don't change our ways we may be the next species wiped out. I'll try to get over to your Green series.

Rod, how right you are! Not only is there no plan B, there isn't even a plan A at this point. Thank you both for reading and commenting.


Ralph Deeds profile image

Ralph Deeds 8 months ago

Nice article. Wake up, friends, before it's too late.


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 8 months ago from New York Author

Thanks Ralph, I tend to agree.

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