Holocaust Heroes--A short list
Dr. Fenh Shan Ho
Aristides de Sousa Mendes
In the Holocaust, 29 Who Made a Difference (a rather short list)
The book is called Diplomat Heroes of the Holocaust, by Mordecai Paldiel, and perhaps the most telling thing about it is that it is very slim....
Richard C. Holbrooke, former ambassador to the United Nations, made that point during a ceremony, held Jan 24 at Park East Synagogue on Manhattan's East side, to mark the book's publication.
During the years of Nazi persecution and then mass murder of Jews, Mr. Holbrooke noted, Europe's embassies and consulates were filled with thousands of officials, but very few of them proved willing to toss aside protocol and instructions to save the lives of people threatened with death in the camps. The heroes mentioned by Mr. Holbrooke include
Feng Shan Ho, China's consul general in Vienna who earned a reprimand and loss of his post for freely issuing visas to Shanghai;
Jan Zwartendjik, a businessman serving as honorary Dutch consul in Kaunas, Lithuania and Chiune Sugihara, a consul general (and spy) for Japan. The two men issued thousands of documents providing for the entry of Jews into the Dutch-controlled Caribbean island of Curacao and to Japan;
Raoul Wallenberg, the young Swedish envoy who worked night and day distributing passports and providing safe housing, food and medical care while the pro-Nazi Arrow Cross movement committed anti-Semitic outrages and the Red Army closed in on the city;
Aristedes de Sousa Mendes, an aristocratic Portuguese consul general in Bordeaux from 1938 to July 1940, issued visas all day and all night, waived fees and the filling in of names and traveled to the Spanish border to make sure the refugees were able to cross. He confronted Spanish border guards when necessary --and continued to sign visas. For these actions he was stripped of his authority and dismissed from the diplomatic service by his superiors in Lisbon.
Feng Shan Ho
- Jan Zwartendjik
A businessman-diplomat who looked at more than the bottom line.
- Chiune Sugihara
He had no discernable motive other than doing the right thing.
Feng Shan Ho
- Feng Shan Ho
"China's Schindler" saved hundreds, possibly thousands of Jews.
Aristedes de Sousa Mendes
Raul Gustav Wallenberg
Friends of Aristides and Angelina Sousa Mendes
Irene Gut Opdyke
Irene Gut Opdyke
Irene Gut, a young Polish nurse, courageously helped save a dozen Jews from the Holocaust. by hiding them in the basement of the home of a factory boss for whom she worked as a housekeeper. Her story is the subject of a play currently (3-09) at the Walter Kerr Theater on Broadway entitled "Irena's Vow" by Dan Gordon. Tovah Feldshuh plays Irene Gut Opdyke. A review of the play is linked below.
Irene Gut Opdyke
- Irene Gut Opdyke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Irene Gut was a young Polish nurse who courageously helped a dozen Jews survive the Holocaust.
In Grave Times Exemplary Courage "Irena's Vow"
- Charles Isherwood's Review of "Irena's Vow" NYTimes 3-30-09
A little-known story of heroism is transformed into theatrical hokum in “Irena’s Vow,” a play by Dan Gordon about a young Polish woman who helped a dozen Jews survive the Holocaust.
Miep Gies, Ann Frank Protector Dies at 100
- Protector of Anne Frank, guardian of her diary - The Irish Times - Sat, Jan 16, 2010
Miep Gies : MIEP GIES, who has died aged 100, wrote towards the end of her life: I am not a hero. I stand at the end of the long, long line of good Dutch people who did what I did and much more.
Miep Gies Wikibio
- Miep Gies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
iep Gies (February 15, 1909 January 11, 2010) was one of the Dutch citizens who hid Anne Frank and her family from the Nazis during World War II.      She discovered and preserved Anne Frank's diary after the Franks were arrested.
7-9-13NYTimes--In Portugal, a Protector of a People is Honored
- In Portugal, a Protector of a People Is Honored - NYTimes.com
Descendants of those saved from Nazism by Aristides de Sousa Mendes gathered to pay tribute to the former diplomat.
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