How To Eliminate Poverty and Hunger?
What The World Is Doing Regarding This Acute Problem?
Every country has devised its own ways of addressing this issue. This inhuman issue. Someone has plenty. Someone has nothing to put in his or her mouth.
Africa and Asia, are the two continents where most of the malnourished resides. We often see in our newspapers, kids with stunted growth, emaciated features, thinned out bones and so on. These are heart-wrenching pictures. These pics often question our redundancy. They provoke us to act. Many non-profit non-governmental and governmental organizations are formed to solve the issue, but in vain. Billions of dollars are pumped in but they are only able to party solve the issue. The issue is still burning.
India has picked up a scheme to eradicate poverty is MGNREGA or Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. This act is to ensure that a poor man residing in the villages and no other means of livelihood will get guaranteed employment for a certain period along with time-bound payment. It has touched the issue well, but it also is unable to eradicate it. Poor are still starving every now and then.
Saleh, Africa, due to starvation, several food camps were set up there. Even with free food, it was unable to solve the issue. Hunger and starvation are widespread evident and this scheme is going nowhere.
What is The Real Problem Behind Hunger?
The answer is a clear no. The world produces enough to feed a few more extra billion people. Every year innumerable tons of food gets perished due to several trivial reasons. So if we produce so much calories and still starving, then we need to have some serious thinking about this issue. At least someone should not die of food when else is it decaying.
Several leading economists like Amartya Sen have often addressed this issue from a different angle. They clearly say that there is no scarcity of food, but scarcity of money. So, put money in those hands that are starving and see traders will go there and sell them food. There will be no starvation. But putting money in those hands is no easy task. You need to devise a proper methodology to do so or else the plan will fell flat. You need a long-term solution and not a year or two for solution.
What is Short Term Measure To Help The Poor?
There are two ways to put money in the starving hands and both have their own pros and cons. One is labor intensive and the other is capital intensive. One is direct method of putting money and the other is indirect method.
In the labor-intensive method, countries like India have put their schemes into action, like MGNREGA. Here the government directly put money into the hands of poor people by providing them job for a certain period of time. Thus, they buy food directly with that money. The problem is that the kind of job they made to do are not creating great assets. They are putting their labor to create and construct things, which are of little or of not use in the long term. So, in the short term, poor people are getting enough money to eat and feed them but this scheme lacks long-term sustainability.
What is Sustainable Way To Eliminate Poverty?
The second way, which is put into practice again in India, is capital intensive. India like US is a federal structure. Different units are combined and formed into one country. One such unit is Bihar and the elected representatives of this place have full right to put schemes into place to uproot poverty and they are doing exactly that. They are investing heavily in infrastructure and education. Firstly, they have made different lucrative schemes for poor kids, so they are enticed to attend schools and hence create educated and skill workers. Along with this, this new government is making well-laid asphalt motorable roads even to the remotest part of this province. Also, there is readily available electricity. Only healthy people can slog for hours and for that we need good health care department which again this province is taking care of. These slew of measures are creating lot of opportunities in this areas and in the long run people can sustain their livelihood without any government-sponsored schemes. Thus this indirect way of helping poor people are more beneficial then opening food camps and providing them food.
I wish this time test tested method of investing in health, education and infrastructure is going to wipe out the mammoth and gargantuan poverty from world map to bare minimum level. I wish there will be day where no one will die out of hunger.
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